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Year:
2009
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243
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25/04/2011

Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Cruising Utopia

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 2.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=2
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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25/04/2011

Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

"'''Al CUt TU."

G,nmll Edil",,: J"'" E,lobm Muflo••nd Ann Ptllegriní

11m" s.¡""" R,d, 11"", So¡""" 81",
SmlUol R. o.lany
Ptw..I< Affal.., Cnlk.,] rrnlu", in 'n, Cullu" ofSod.J R<iatio,,,

Phímp Bri>n Horpor
In y"", Fa,,: 9 S<xual srudj"
"t>ndy Mord

Trop;';j of v.,¡", Inl<'rv<'rrlions from Qu«r L!h'na Ammea
Jo'" Quir,,&,

Mani,n'n8 M_aliniti",
filnloui<, af Grnd" anJ Vial.." in In, Arnm",n Cn'rn, Nowl
Gres

fu""

Ou, Moni"" Oa,,,I,,,,, 1h< din",n Ajai' anJ m, l\'alio""llnl"'<I
EJited b,' L,"",n Be,bnt .nd U .. Da¡;¡;>n

81"," Gay Man, &>ay,
Robon Roíd PhMr, Fo",,"o,d by Samu,1 R. D,bny
Poui"!: Idrnlily ami lnl"p",ali,," jn S<xuallty. Ra", ara! R<ilgi""
EJ",d by M>ri.l Cm. S>nch...nd Lin.!> Schloub<rg
Th, &planatlon far Evaythl"!' fu.!ay' "" S<xual Sab;<cti";ty
P.ul Morrison

1h< Qut<"'t Art, &..Iyo "" w¡'jon ara! Gay 1h<al"
EJited by Ají.. Solomon and Fr>mjí Minw.lb

Q'«<' Globah'",tion" Citiun,nip ami th, ....ftmlf' of ú>1""jaUim
EJited by Am.ldo Cruz ,,1>1."" md M:ulin F. "t>nilin"", N

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity; .
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 3.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=3
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Qun' LltiniJ.J, 1Jmtity p,..,ai"" Di>am"" S¡nu<>
¡.... na M>rÚ RoJriguf'l
Lav<

rh, Sin: s...""l R,sul.!tion .nJ tll, Li",I/> of R,JjSiOUi ToI",,,,,,
J>n<t R. J.kol=n >nJ Ann Pell<g<ini

Boricu. PoP'

"""ro Rk"", .nJ ¡J"

Lztinl<otion 01 Am"i",n Cultu"

F'>n<.. No'gron-.\lunt>ne,
M.nnio~

tlr< R.", RLJornti"l! B1u. Mm in 'n, JI", C""", EN
M:uIon Ro",

/0 o Qu'" 11"" ooJ

Pi.", T"''''S,od<, BoJi,~ S"N"I,"",l Liv<.
JuJilh H.ll><<>'>m

II'hy 1 Ha" A""""",,,,, onJ Fllch:
fu"'y' on Ro«"nJ s...""Ury In tlr< U.S.
Dwight A. McBrid,

CoJ H.". "'Ss; Th, Rh<rork. 01 R,lIgiou, Vio/,ou
Mid,..ICobh

an" rou Co BI.!,., C/wiu, [H.i", anJ rh, BLu. Amrrk"n In"II""",,1
Roben RoiJ-Phur

Th, L.tioo BoJY'
Cri,I, 1J,ntiti<> In A=rlíon Lit""? .-1 Cuitu",1 Mano?
U=o Lim.,¡
Am"'gins Gri'¡' Sam?J Tim, .nJ tll, Ilody in Nin'k,n'n_úntury A""",,"
D.na Ludmo
ü,,~io~ Utopio:

Th, 1h<n alld Th", 01 Q"U' F"rurity
Joú E¡"""n Mwloz

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 4.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=4
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Thi" page imentio"a/(,' leji M""k

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 5.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=5
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Cruising Utopía
The Then and There Di Queer Futurity

José Esteban Muñoz

fl
NEW YORK UNIVERSITY PRESS
N<w York and lom/on

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 6.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=6
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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25/04/2011

Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 7.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=7
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Contents

Intro<!uction: F<eling Ulopi>
Queeme.... Horiwn:
Ulopi>n Hermeneutic. in lhe F.e< of G.y fugm>'i.m

19

2

Gh",t> of Public Su: Ulopi.n Longing>. Queer Memon..

33

J

lhe Fulu", lo in lhe fu",nl: S<xu>l Avml-G.rJ..
;onJ the P<rform>nce of Utopi•

49

.¡

G",lure, Epheme"".nJ Que.. Feeling:
Apprwching Kevin A,imce

65

S

Crui.ing the Toilet: !.eRoi Jon../ Amiri B.nh,
R.<!ic.l Bl.ck Tr.Jilion., .nd Que.. Futurity

8J

6

SUS''' Qu..n, Punlrs, ;onJ the Ulopi.n P<rfonn;¡'i,..,

97

7

Ulopiú Se.ting Ch>rt: R>yJolu"on, JillJohn.ton, .nd
Que.. Intermedi> .. Sy>tem

liS

8

Ju.. Like He""eu:
Que.. U'opi;on An md ,he Ae.. hetic Dime""ion

[JI

9

AJet" Out ,he Window: F.-.d Heoo>'. Inc;onJe..en' lIlumüution 147

''""

10 Aft.. J"k: Queer F.i1u"" Queer Virtuooity

Condu,;on: "T.ke Ec"..y with Me"
No'",
Bibliogr.phy
,~,

Al>ou, ,"" Autl>or

Color iltu""'io", /oHo"," poog<

•
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 8.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=8
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Thi" page imentio"a/(,' leji M""k

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 9.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=9
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Acknowledgments

THIS BOOK HAS l>e<n io th. worb for over t.o y,,,.n. I c.ooot
hopo lo proporly Kl.:nowlodge.1l th. I""pl
ho h...e l>e<n .upportive
of !he ..riting and r<>.,rch th>, weot ioto ,h
p.g••. I h>ve p",..nted
the wriliog th>! l>e<:.me lh... ch.pler> .t ...min¡;ly muntl... univmili<>,
museum., perfornuoce 'pac.., .od coof.",oces. A, ,h••• v>riou. io"itutk>n. many .udi.oce.li.t.ned 'o tlu. worl< .od .ogaged in benefid.1 w»".
Queer frieod.hip h>. pr",..o to he !he coodilk>o of po..ihility for im.gioin¡; ..h.l qu«m... e>o .od .hould memo The .ctu,¡] ",l.ltiou,¡] circuito I
'1'0 lucky .nough to find m)""lf helooging to ..het m)' desi", fur future
collectivity.
I h.l.,.. h.d lh. gifi of ..mordio.u)' r...=h ...i<l.o«. Jomu. Ch.l.mb.,,·L.tsoo h>. inve.t.d so mueh of hi. own .oerg)' md iot.lligeoce in
tru. book. Suj.), P:mdit h.l.s he.n iod"p.rw.hle in m)' compl.ting thi. proj.ct. Th. mmuscrip' b.o.fi,ed from!he .n.olion of JuJi.¡ Steiomelz md
Chel... Ad.wuomi. So mmy 'K.lleot "udenls h.l.,.. proveo lo be .ueh
gro.t iot.rlocutor> fur thi. book •• il .merged. Thi. Ii.l will he woefully
incomplete: Hyp>!io Vourloumis, J..oo. VK>Iro, Fr>ok Leon Rohert.,
Smdr> Rui<, K.li. Brewer-B.:oll, E.. r Sel.o, Tio. M.jkow.ki, K....n J>mi.,
Ellen Cleghom., Il<th S'iosoo, Al.. Pinm':Itt, Lydi. B....wner, RO)' Pe",<,
Albert l.l.guu>, And", Cming'on, L.tici.:l A1v.rdo, Auna Fischer, Jonalh.l.o
Mollin., Ronak K.p>di., St.phmie Wei.., .nd J"'tin l.eroy. One of!he
gro.t." rew>Id. in t.:ochiog i. when yoor former "udenl:> heeome yoor
coll<>go.. md friends: lhe", .'" 00 b.ner ..>mp1<. of tru. in my life ,hm
Chri"in. B.lance, Ric:uUo Moot.., .od A1....ndr> V>Z<Jue:r.. A1so in ,h.t
c.lego,), i. 51ane V08'l, ..ho.1so 8""e me g",.l feedb.ack 00 lhi. volume.
I t••ch in • "Lotively .moll dep.rtm.nt th.l I h>ve ch:lired fur the p:ost
f.w Y".rs, .nd I '1'0 gat.fol fur th. climo'e of mulu,¡] .upport .od "'>p«t
.crueved in !he D.pmm.nt of Performmce Sludi.., Tisch School of th.
An. >! NYUo Coll••gu.. like B.:orb..... Browning. K.",n Shim.k.w., Rieh.rd s<:h.ncliner, Aud", upek~ Dim> T.ylor, B.rb..... Kirsh.nhlan-Gimblel, A1len Wei.., Auna De...e", Smith, Deboah Iúpduo, T...i. N)'Ou¡; '0,

•
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 10.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=10
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

md Ano Pell.grini m;¡k. i",litutioIl>lllf......arniog. Ano h... l>e<o a en<dito, of lhe •• ri•• lhi. 000k appea" io, aod I ,oold o...., h.... ."lirip.t.d eojoying .ueh. fun and h.irmonioWl lrooong rel.tionship. [eannot
begin to .xp.... pmpe'ly rny gratitude to th••taff at Perform."ce Studi••
...ho enabl. my ...ori< aJI a chair, • farulty m.mbe" md a ochola,. Thank
ron N""I Rodrigue>, Patt)' Jang, md Laura EI.n. FOIt.. fo, yoo, ..trem.
eompet.nce and good humo,. Many fri.nd. oubid< of Performmce Studi.. at NYU n«d to be th..nked ror thei, centribution. to lbe t.xtu.. of
my Jife."d thinkins- Th. finl to be m.ntiooed i. Li... Du¡;¡;.", who has
be.o a .tauoeh .11)', loving friend,."d brilliant interlocuto,. üthor f,i.nd.
indud. AnIl> McCarthy, Jo..fina Saldan.-Portil!o, G.yat,i Gopinath, Ana
Dopico, PNllip Brlan Harpe" ."d Carol)'I1 Din.ha....
Th. thre. sehol... who haye re.d thi. book ro, tbe pre.. io diff.rent
d,aft. off.red me ""lcomed engagem.nt. Elizabetb Freeman and I m"
.ach otber a. precociou. graJuate "ooen!> on lh. confe,ence circule, and
J ... in h.. wor!< lOme of th. ;""1 tbinking of my :«cond-g<neration quee,
th<c>ry echo". Judith Halbenlam ha. >imply be.n ." ide.1 enll.ague .nd
reade,. Sh. i. al", an >m.lzing fri.nd. [ fe.1 priYileg.d to h.... lhe brilliant
F,ed Molen aJI' f,i.nd, enmrade, and int.rlocuto,. M)' <dito" E,ic Zinn.., read IN' book ...ilh gr.at GI,e ."d >kil!. Ciar. MeLaughlin ."d Emil)'
Par!< ha... be<n .;"0 b<en .rtremely helpfuL A granl frem lbe líoch D.an·.
Farulty Ik\'elopm.nt Aw..d has belped m. indude colo, im;¡g" in IN'
book. [ .m "p<ei.ally grateful to Marvin Taylo, and Ann Butle'.t th.
FaI•• Library, N.... Yor!< Uniye"ity.
John Andrew< .howed up io th. middl. ofth¡" w'itiog pmj<et. H. ha•
...pond<d to my "",\; with «¡nal part> .nthu.ium aud >keptiri.m. H.
has be<n • perfect r«d.. and lbe Ye'Y be.t enmp.any J enuld h""e aJlk.d
fo,. My olhe, gre.t enmp.anio", duriog th. ",~iting of thi. boo\; h",.. b••n
my p'ince" bulldog•. The late greal L>dy Bully .howed me lhe grandru,
of enmp.anioo-.p<ci•• utopi.., and Dulc< Mari. ¡" h.""lf tbe .turdy emMimeol ofth. good life. M)'f>mily are amuingly "'pporti.... My bmlbe,
Al.ú "'pport i. Ye'y touching. My cOWlin Albm "mlled ioto my ""'Yday life quile uneopectedlyand has becom•• I<>v.1y p,e..nce, helping m•
...aleh th. No,th.rn Fmnt S>m Green i. rny \;indred ulopian <piril; hi•
...or!< .nd ou, hond in.pire me. I am fortunate lo kn"",' J.nnif.. Do)i.,
...ho has ' ..pend.d to my life md lror!< with '" much love, g.nem.ity, .nd
int.llig.n«. I ow•• gre.t d.bt lo Kevin McCarty fo, h.lping me gliml'"
utopia. LuXe Do...d ha. be<n my fri.nd fore..." .nd I continuo to I..rn
fmm bi. wor!< md fiod b.auty lh.re. Tony Ju<t'. imag.. h..Ye al.o provid.d

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 11.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=11
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

noce....'Y ...th.tic pl.....re. N.., Bu""",,,,," i••imply .",..som•. Her
fri.nd.hip ..nd .rt m..n the world to m•. Time 'ren' ",..r lhe yom with
Jon..llun Fl"tley Iu. be.n ..t!em.ly rew..nling. Nick Tmy'. fri.ndship i.
tre... ured. 1 h..ve .njoye<! gctting to know ..nd writ...oonl My B.ro.ri,;¡n
(M..lik G.in••• J.de Gordon, ..nd Al.. Seg>d.). K..lup UnZ)'. md Dp"'''Y
H..ndb.g (Jib. C""'eron). An incomplet. li,t of «holm•
""d col1"00""0,, who h..ve r..d lhi. work. pu.hed ,h... id..., or g.n.",1ly .ng:oged m. indude l..lu...n IIerlm'. Ann C....kovich. RkMdo Ortil. Cm..
Freccero, Lid. Fk>I-"bt.>. Rebece. Schn.idor. Hen'Y Abelove. Mkl....1
Moon, Jos. Qui",&,. Jorge Ign>cio Cortin.., A1i"" Troy..no/Cum.lit.>
Tropic..... , El" Troy""o, An;¡ "brg"'et S..nchez. K....n Tong><>n. c.rlo.
C..rujo, D..vid Romm. Anj..lli Arond.k..r. P..trici,;¡ dongh.J..bir Pu"'. Miclu.1 Cobb. Jo.h Kun. H""ther Luk••• Molly McG",'Y. George H.¡;gert)·.
G",in Bun. Dominic Johnoon, V..gi....J D.vi., J""el J.. cob••n. Iúthl..n
McHugh, chon Norieg>. Eric Len. Cindy K.n. Do""ld P..... Mkl....1
W""g. Jn..... M..ri. Rodrigue>. Rebece.. Sumn<r Burgos. Coco Fusco. Ah.
Wein'",nb. ""d Sh.,¡ FriJo'. M)' found..tio",,1 fri.nd.hip with Antonio
Viego "",u. tlU. work md.o mnch more I""'ibl•. Guin"'..... Tumor h..
upt ,hingo ... .:1 in lh. mo.t Iulludn..lory "'' y<. Evo Ko",M:y Sedgwick
p....d .. [fini.hed lhi. 000•. Sh. ¡,.., be.n my g....l mend ..nd menlor.
Her gentl. touch ""d lnminou. in'pi""ion i. ev.rywh.... fur m•.

.m",.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 12.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=12
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Thi" page imentia"al(,' leji hi""k

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 13.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=13
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

Introduction
Feding Uropia

A "'"'P of ,h. "",.Id ,tw Joo.o no< induJo

"'op" .. n'" w""h g1onci"S ot.
-O",,, WilJo

QlHERNESS IS NOT )"<1 hero. Qu.eme.. i. an id..lity, I'u, IDOIh..
woy, ...e ;ore no< ret qu«,. We nuy n,,,.... tooeh queem.... but we can f..1
~ •• the "'.."" ilIumin.¡lion of a honron imbueJ ilh poI.n'iility. We !uve
0 ideility thit can b. dionover b.en queer, rol qu..me.. ex¡<I. fu, u
tillod from lh. f"S' and us<d 'o imagino a futuro. u.. futuro i. queeme.ú
<!onuin. Qu..me.. i •• >trucluring and odu«tod modo of de>iring thit illo>.~ "' lo """ ""d feell>eyoOO the quagmire of ,he pre..n!. The h.", anJ
00... i. a pri><>n hou.., We mu,t >tri,"", in ,he f.¡ce of ,he hero ""J now '. to,ilizing ronJ.ring of ",ilil)', lo ,hin\; and feelal"'" ami th<rt, Sorne ",ill ""Y thit
ill we hi...... the pie.",,,,. of this moment, bul we must neve, ..ni< ro,
t1ut minimil ''''"'P"rt; "'"" must Jream anJ en.¡ct new and b.ne! ple»u",.,
othe, ..."Y' of l>eing in lhe orld, aud ultimate!)' new world~ Qu.em... i. a
longing ,lut prop<l. WI oo nI, l>eyond romances of ,he negative anJ toiling
in ,he pros<nt. Queemes< i. ,lut thing t1u, lel> u. feel thit ,hi, ...orid iJI no!
enough, thit indood >omething iJI mis>ing, OOen "'.. can s1ímp"" ,he worlJ.
propo>ed and promiJlod by queeme.. in ,he ro.1m of the a..thetic. Tho <>esthotk, esp«iilly tho queer .."helie, fro<jYendy cont';", bluepríot. anJ ..hemal.;¡ of. forwm:l-da"'TÚng futurity. Both ,he omouneoiil and ,he quotidian
can eontain a nup oftho ulopi.l t1ut i. que<mess. Tuming 'o tI>< .",tholk in
tho « .. of queem... i. nothiog ~ke ID ese.p< from tI>< ><Kiil ",ilm, iMOW
.. queer .."h.ti", nup futuro sociil re!a'ioO>. Queeme.. i •• Iso. I"'rformaID" bec.u.. it iJI no' >imply. l>eing but. <!oing f", and 1o...",J tb< futuro,
Queem... i. e.>enti.lUy .I>out the rejection of a bere .00 oow anJ an imiolenee on poteotiility o, cone""e po><ibilil)' fu, IDotb.....orid.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 14.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=14
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fu. i< .h. argum.n. lnuke in C...ui"l:

urop""

.ignifiemtly intlueucod
by .h••hinking and Imguag. of .h. Gmnan ide.ü.....dition .nu""ting
from .h. work oflmmanuel Kan' md Georg Wilh.lm Priedrich Hegel. An
a,J'ff' of ltu. Iin. of .hough. i< eonc....iz«l in .h. erilica! philooophy uooci.>.l.d ",ilb Ih. Pr>nkfurt 5<hool, mo.' noubly in Ibe work oflhe<>dor
Adorno, W.ller !len¡amin, .nd H.rh<rt "tueu... lh= .hr« .hinh"
wi.hin Ih. M....i<1 lradi'ion have all guppled wi.h Ihe comp1ru'ies of .h.
utopim, Ye! Ih. voic< ID<! logic ltu. mo.' .ouehe. m., mo,l.nimal.. m)'
.hinking, i. lha. of .h. philoooph<f E.rm' Bloch.
Mo", ]"",ely ••ooci.ll.d ",ilh .h. Pr>nkfurt 5<hool .han Ihe afor.m.n.ioned philoooph.rs, Bloch'. work w....hn up by bolh ühe....ion .h.oIoS)' and .h. p..i.ian .Iud.nl movem.nlJ of 1%8. He "'... bom in 1885
'0 an .,rimii.lt«l J.wi.h ...ilw.y .mploye. in Ludwig.hafen, Germm)'.
During Wotld W.. 11, Bloch rl.d Nui Gernun)', ..",n.uall)' ..ttling for.
'im. in Cambridg., M=chWl.tt•. Alt., .he wu Bloch ....umed lo E...
G.rmany, ",h.", hi. Muxi.ln philo"'phy "'......tt .. loo revi<ionary. A'
.h. um. lime he "'.. derided fur hi< ,.,riou. defem.. of Stiliniun by
1.11 commenta'on lbroughoul Europ< .nd Ih. Unil.d SUI... H. partidpal.d in lbe inl.Il«Iu;¡1 drd.. of Georg Simmel .nd,
M.. Weber.
Hi. fri.nd,hip .nd ",melime rivalri", ",ilb Adorno, B.n;",,;", and Georg
LuH", ..e no.ed in EuroI"m 1.11 in••lledual hi'lory,' Bloch', poli'ic.1 inmuri,lend.. md .tyl., whieh h•• be.n deocrib.d .. both .Uiptiea! .nd
lyrie.I, luve led B10ch lo an odd ",d un.,,,,n "'''ptiou, U.ing Bloch for
a pro;.clltu. und.ntand. its<lf .. part of qu«r criliqu. i••1",. ri.ky
m",,,, heuu.. il hu be<n rumored Ih.. Bloch did no' hold very prog"".i,,,, opiniou, on i..u.. of gender ID<! ..=lily.' lh... biog..phical fad.
a", b<.id•• h. poinl b.,au.. 1 .m uring Bloch'••h<ory no' .. orthodOIf
bu. im••a<! lo e"'ate .n op.ning in qu«r .hought. 1.m uring .h. oce••ion
md .nmpl. of Bloch'. Ihougb., a10ng with ltu. of Adorno, MmWl', .nd
o.h., philoooph.n, ... portal '0 ",olher modo of qu«r critique .hal d..,.;,... from dominanl pr>ctiees of Ihougbl ru..ing wilhin qu«r eri'iqu.
'oday. In my ...imalion a lum lo • «rUin critica! ide.ü.m cm he "'''1''cially "",fui hermeueulie
Por ",m. time now I tuve been working wilh B1och', .h",.-vo1um.
phil=phiea! .",ati.. n" Pri"árlt of Hopt.' In hi
hau,'i", book Bloch
muridm '" expmd«l id.. of Ihe ulop"n .hal ,"'p
lhonuo Mo",'.
formolatio" of ulopi.. b,..«I in fm...y, 111, m'"ár!' of Hap< offen .n
.neyc!opedic .pp.....eh.o lbe ph.nomenon of ulopi.. In .hal 1... h. di,<=1. . . Ilnunn<f of u'opia induding, bul no' ümi.ed '0, .oc"l, li',,,,,y,

L.,,,,

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 15.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=15
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technologic.I, medic.I, ."d geoguphi< ulopi... Bloch hI. h><! ••luki<r
""eption io the U.S. ae.demy th." Iu,.. sorne of hi. frieod••nd "qLl.liobo..._.uch .. Il<nj.min. Fur me, Bloch', otility h.l, much lo do ,.,ith
/he '"")' he theori"" utopi.. He m.ke•• CIiti..l di,tinchon betw...,o .1>'¡uct ulopw md conc",te utopi.., v.:lning .b",..l otopi.. only in",br
.. they po><' eriliqoe fuoctiou th.lt foel•• criti..1md poleotWly tr.".form."i,.. politic.1 inugin.lion.' Abnucr utopi.. f.!ter for Bloch bec.u",
/hey .... untethe",d from .oy hinori..1 ",,,,dou.ne... Concrete utupw
Me reutiou.;¡1 to hi>tori..11y .il'"'ted ,¡ruggle" • collecri';'y th.l i. >ctu.!iud or poteoti.l. [n our eYeryd.y life .b.l....l utop'" "e .ldn lo b>n.J
optimi>rn. (Recent ..11. for &,)' or que.. optimi.m ",em loo do", to elile
homo",.u.1 ",..ion of poIiti<s.) Concrete utopi.. c.".1so be d».,j",.mliu. but they "e the hop<' of. collectiYe. m emerg<nt group, or eYeo /he
solit;ory oddb.:ll who i. lhe one who d",.m. for m."y. Cone",.. utupi..
Me the ",.Im of edu..lecl hop<o In • 1\l61 lectu", titled "C.n Hop< Be
Di"ppoioted¡" Bloch deocribe. differeul ..pecb of edu..led hop<o "N<>I
only hop<'• .tfect (with ib peod>ot, feM) bol eYen mo", so, hop<', methodology (wilh ib p<od.nt, memory) d",..I)' in /he ...-gion uf /he nut-yet, •
puco whe", entuo.. .,,<1, .bo>·e .11, fin;¡1 content .... nurked by.o eoduring iodet..miu.;¡ey'-' lhi, ide. of iudelerminaey in both .ffect md methodology "",... lo. criti<.1 proce" th.lt ¡, ..tuned lo wh.lt Ibli." phil""'ph.. Giorgio Ag.>mbeo d=ribe••• potent"lily." Hope .Joug ,.,ilh ib
<>Iher, f..r, ;ore .tfective ,truCIo",. th.. e." be de",ribed •• ."ti<ip.to')'.
C",i>i"~ Utopiú firn moYe ¡, lo d=rihe. mod.:lity uf que.. utop"ni.m th.t [loc... within. hi>tori..lly >p«ific o<>u. of rultor.! production before, "ouod, .nd dishtly .lter the Ston.....J1 rehellion of 1969. A
B1och"o .pproaeh lo .e>thetic theory ¡, invested io descrihiog the .,,ti<ip.to,), illomin.tion of .rt, ,.,hich cm be ch.lucreril«! •• /he proce"
uf i<leulifyiog cm';n prop<rti.. llut ..n be det«ted in ...p.....ul.tlolUl
praetice. helping o. to ... the not-yel-con",iou~' lhi. nut-yet-con",k>",
i. know:lble, lo sorne exleul,'" utop"n f«liog. Wheo Bloch de.eri;'"
/he IDtidp.tory illumin;¡tioo of .rt, one CID uode ....IDd thi. iIlumin;¡tiou
":l ,u'Pl", of both .tfect .od me:lOing wilhin the .e.lheli<. I tt:lck ulopiolo f.eliog. throoshoot the worl< of thll Stooew.!l I"riod. I .nempt lo
coontet:lct the logi< of the hi.lori<.1 e....tod)· by followiug.o
oci:ltive
mude of .n;¡)~i, th.lt le.p. bet,.,,,,,o one hi.lori..1.ite .nd the p
nt. To
th.lt eod my ",~iting brings io my owo person;¡) "p<rieo
.,,<>Iher "'''y
lo ground hi>tori..1que...ite. with li.ed q0...,r "p<rieo My intentiou
in thi. "p<ct of the wriling i. oot .imply lo "'....necdoblly but, in'¡e.d,

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 16.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=16
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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to ,e>eh for oth.. mode. of ".>oc;.tiye ;ugumeobtioo ."d el'idencing.
Thu., when eomidering the work of. coolempora'}' club p<rformer .uch
•• Ke'o'io AYim", I eog.ge • poem by EIi..beth Biohop md" penon.1
recollection "boul mo,,,ment "nd gend.. identity. Wlieo lookiog .t K.-;n
MeC;uty'. photog..ph. of mntemporary qu«,."d puok b>", I coo>ide,
..muoto .bout pre-Ston<w.:ll &')' b>n in ohio ."d my penoo.:l .tory
.bout growing up qu«, ."d punk in .uborb." Mi"mi. Mo.. of thi, book
i. fix.;¡,<d 00 • du.t.. of .i'.. in the New yo,k City ohhe lifti.. "nd .ini..
th.l iodude ,he New York School of poel'}', the Joo",o Memor;.1 Churrh'.
dm" lb...." ."d Andy w.,hol'. F.ctory. eru"i,,!: Vlopia looh 'o figure.
from thu", 'emporal m.lp' tb>,!»ve b.eo 1...."end<d lo thm O'H=
md w.mol h•..-e b.en. Yet it '«IIIJI u!<ful to upen thi< book by brietl)'
di"u.';og momen!> in the work of both ,he poe' IDd the po¡> "rti.l fo,
the pu'PO''' of iUum"'ing the projert '. prim.l'}' .ppro>ch lo the ",l'ural
md th..,retic,,1 m.l'eri>l it '<>ve ....., At ,he «o'e, of c..... i"S Utopi. ,here
i< lbe ide. ofhope, ,,'hich i. bo,h • rritir.:l .ffect md" metho<lology.
Bloch offen ... hop<'" hermeoeulic,."d from lbe poio' of view of
politic>! ..ruggle. tod.y, .uch " crilic.:l optir i. nothiog .hort of n......'y
in onJ.. to comNt ,he forre of politir.1 pe..imiUll. 11 i< «rl.;¡in!y diffirult
to "'8ue for hope o, crilic.:lutopimi.m .1. moment wheo ruI'ur.ol"n.d)',j. i. domio.ted by ID :rnliutopimi.m otieo functioning >JI, pon' ... b.litute
.cttul rritir.1 int....-eo'ion. Bul before "ddre..ing the queotioo of
m'iutopimi.m, it i< wo,thwhile 'o .keleh. portrait of" critir>! mooe of
hupe ,lu.t repre.eo.. the coocrete ulop;'nism di"".«d here.
Jill DOOn o!fen h.. owo puti.:lly Blorh;'n-d..i,-.d mode of p<rfo,m.ln« .ludie. critique io Utopi. i" P«jormo"", M"Ji,,!: Hap<.t th, Tht_
01«.' 001;10" ..Jmiuble book focu",. 00 li.,.., lh..t......ile fo, ·findio¡;
hope,· My "ppro"h to hope .. " critir.1 melbodolog)' c:rn be be.t de"rlbed >JI " b..kv... nJ gI;on« th>t eo..t•• futu,e ,;.ion. I ",e my pro¡«1 .. re"'''''tiog .:loog<ide • group of ""ent l.,!> th>t h",'e .lI':llegi<>U)'
di.pL.«d the Ii", ob¡"" of perfo'm.ln«. Sorne ,..lo th., repre",o' ,hi•
..pert of ,he perform.ln« .tudie. pro¡e.. iodude G,,'o'io Bun'...eeUeot
.""l)"l. of the que.. perfo'm.l'i'" forre of go.. ip in the prewu New York
.rt world,' Jeooif.. 00)1e.I""'"rfullre.ti'" 00 lbe form.li.. ."d deforming forre of .... obj«lo' io p<rform",,« ."d vi....:l .ludie>," md Fred
Moten', be"utifu! In ls", B""",, wilh ilo emph..i. 00 pro'o'idiog" 504rio¡;
de""iptioo of lhe re.i.tID« oftbe objert." 1 im'oke lh"", lb"", ,..lo in
m effort to ¡"",te my owo ",..)yoi. in reL.'ion 'o tbe L.rger intenJi"iplin.ry pro¡ert of perfonn;¡n« .ludi..,

ro,

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 17.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=17
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
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lh. mooern ...orlJ i•• 'hing of wonder for Bloch, who coMid." ..toniromen' to l>e an import>nt phil""'l'hical moJe of con'empl>tion." In •
n.. of ..toni,hIn.nt in th....orl< ofl>oth W.n.ol.nd
....y, "'.., can ••• ,hi
O'H..... W",hol "' fond of nuking 'p<<<h acto wch •• •...ow· and .g••."
AltOOogh thi. asp<ct of W.mol·. performance of ..If i. olten d.>cril>ed ..
an in>incere p.rfornunce of ""iyet'. [in>t..d argo.llut il;'. manife....tion of ,he otopim f..ling th>t i. integral to much ofW",OOI'••n. 'pee<h.
md writing, O·H."•• as <ven ru. , .... a1 re.de" Leno.... "'... ¡""pre.>ibly opl>e.t Wh.t if we thin\; of ,he.. mooe< of l>eing in ,h. world_W.mo!'.
Iiking of lhingo. ru. ·w""",," and .g..... md OH".. poetry being ..to",tN ""'¡th fe.ling. of fun .nd .ppred.tiou_as. moJe of u'opim f..ling
bo' al", .. hope·. m.thoJology1lh;' methooology;, manif..t in ...h>t
Bloch d.ocribed as • fonn of •..'oni.h«l ,ontempbtion."" Perlup. "'..,
can ondmtmd the e>rnpy f..cin;¡'ion ,h.t l>oth men h>d ...i,h «I.bri')'
•• being .kin lo lhi•••n.. of astoni,hmenl. W.mo!'. blo. Liz T>ylo" or
O'H....·, p<rfect lribule 'o mo,h...brl.t. in the poem ·Lon. Tomer [-{.,
Collaps.d; offer, throogh glamour md astoniromen'•• kind of tran'port
or • repri..... !rom ...h>t B10ch c.l1«1 the ·d",me.. of ,he li,..,d i",tm'.""
A>toni.hmenl help. one ,u'Pas. ,h. Iimil.tion. of an .:li.nating pre<.ntn... and .:llo"'~ on. to .... dilferen' time .nd plac<o Much of .>eh .rti,!'> worl< p.rfonn. ,hi••>toniohmenl in the world. O'H.... ;, con...nrly
.,loni.hed by lhe cily, H. «I.b"" •• th. dly'. l>e.o'y and .....lneu, .nd
in ru. worx on. on.n find, thi... n,. of astoniromen' in qoolidim thinp.
O'H....•• po.m. di'Pl>r orban I.ndoc>p" of astoniohmen'. lhe qootidim
ob¡.ct has ,hi...m••ff.cti,.., ch>rge in W.mo!'. ,-¡,tul ...orx. Bloch th.orized th>t on. could d.tect wiro-I>ndoc.p'" in I"'inling>nd poetry." Soch
I>nd.up•••xtend into the lerritory of fu'uri'y.
L.. o. hegin by con>id.ring W",ho1'. Cok, Boffk .Iongoid. O·H....'.
poem ·H..-¡ng. Cok. ...ith You":
fI";"l: Q Cok< ";'h Y...

,.,.,_.

i. """n roo", fnn th." SOO's <o S.n SoN""'" 1m ... H.nd.)",

8'",,'''.

or l>o'ng 'Kk <o rny "om><h on <h. Tr..·..... Jo Gr",," m B".. lo....
p'rtly l>oc.u.. "' your 0,,"V

oh'" you look tilo • l>otl.. t..pp'" 5,

Sob...t"n
p'rtly l>oc.u.. of my!ovo ro. you. p"'l)'l>oc.u.. 01" YOU' Invo lo,

y.>ghm<
p'rtly l>oc.u.. 01" th. ~""re".n< 0",,&' tulO!" .round <1>0 [,;,,10••

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 18.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=18
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

p",tly bonu.. "",," ......9 ou, ""il.... k. 00 bolo.. poopi. ",il

""u""Y
.... h.ru

lo

boh.", w,,"o ["m wilb Y"" th" lb." e,o bo .,ylb'''l! , •

..i11

""oury

.. ooIomn •• unp..... otly dolin;......
wh", ..ght.o froo' "' ..
'0 tho wm" N.w Yorl< 4 o'doek hght wo n. J •• ftmg back ",J forth
l>otwooo ..eh otho. Jiko • t ... b .. "h'og lbrou~ ia .poct>e....

",J ,h. port.... ohow ..."" 'o hoYo no foe.. "' " " .11, in" 1''''''
Y"" .uddonly woodo. why th. world "')"Oo. . . . . dkl ,h.m

'0

,~,

" ynu .od I would ,,,h.. Iook " Y"" ,h.o .11 ,h. PO'"'''' '0 th.

-~

"'''1'' pO"ilily fot lb. Poi;,), 1I.i<!" "en""....t¡. .nJ .n)'W.y .... m lb.
"tick
whoch ,t..nk h• .,..", Y"" h.von', g<>no 'o y.. '" wo '''' go '08"""'
fi,.. "roo

,b.

.nJ '''" f>e' tlw ynu moyo '" ....u..fuUy mo", o, ......1<0, e,.. '"

"utun.m
j",' .. ,' hom. I "'... ,hiok ""h. Nud. D<ocr",j,"!. S... im>M Ol
" ...h..,..1 • >inglo d ..w",S ofLooo...lo Ol Moch.t.oS'1o lb" "'o<!
'0_'"
.nJ wlw g<><>d 000, .11 lb. ",..""h ",lb. Imp.....""'.". d.u lb.m
wh.o lboy o"",. g<>l th•• Ogh' 1'. ..00 to "ond o.., ,ho t"'. wh.o th•
• uo .. ok
o. fo, lb" m.".. M.tioo M.ti,.; wh.o h. d.dn', p;ek lb. ,odo...
e",ofult¡.
.. lb.ho,..
m, 'h.y WO<e .H ch....d '" ",roo m.""Hnu, .. po.... u<o
whoch •• oo! g<>ing lo go w."o<! on "" wh;eh •• why ["m tol];og Y""

't ...

.oou' .. ~

Thi. poem lell. '" of • quolidiID .et, luviog • Cok< with oom.OO<ly, llut
.igoifi... v..t lifeworld of qoeer ..I>'io,..lity,.n .0cryplO<! "",;,lily, ond
,olopi.. poleoli,lity. Th. quolidi.n ""t of .luriog' Coh, eoo.uming.
eommoo eommotlity ""i,h • b<lovO<! ",,~h ""hom oo. ,¡,..... oc..l smil..,
tmml" f..,..ti< mom.ot:l in the ru.lory of .rt Though lh. poem ¡, d • .rly
.ooul lh. pr...ol, ~ i. , p
ol llul ¡, o"",' «¡u",ely Ih. p»l .od io it:l
quo<r "Lolion;¡lil)' promi
, fulure. Th. fuo of h»;ng • Coh i•• mode

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 19.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=19
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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

of nhiL.r>tioo in whieh oo. vi."", .....lructuted >oc;.üty. lh. f'O"m tel'"
u. th.t me... Ioe.uty i. io.ulliri.ot fot th••esth.t••pe.k.t, ""hieh «h"".
Bloch'. owo .."h<tie th...,ti•• eoo«miog lhe utopi." fuoetioo of .rt. If
.rt'.limit we... be.uty_.ceordiog to Bloch_it is .impl)' oot eoougll."
Th. utop"" fuoctioo i. en.;¡cted by • eert;¡jo ,u'Plu. io lhe ""Ot. th.t
promi.... futurit)" >om.thiog th.t i. 001 quite he.... O·H.., Iir" 10'0tions l>.iog ""owed by. hisll-m obj.ct before h. describ.. l>eing wowed
b)' th. lovet ""ilh whom h••h.lr<•• Cok.. Her<, throogh qo...-...th.t•
• rt conromplioo ."d qU""t ...I.tioo;¡jity lhe writet d'Krik> mom.o!> imboed wilh • fe.ling of forw.,d-d>woiog futurity.
Th••oticil"'tory iIluminuioo of «rbio ob;.el. i•• lUod of poteoti'!ity th.lt i. op.o. iodetermio.le, Ji.e th••!f<.cti,,,, cootoo.. of hope its<lf.
Thi. illomio.tioo ",em. to <>di..e from Wnhol'. owo depictioo of Cok.
ootrles. lho", .i1k ......0•• whieh I diKu" io eh.lpt.t 7••mph••ize th.
product'••l)-li.h deoigo Iioe. Pot.ot;.üt)' fot Bloch i. oli.o loc.ted io
th. omIDleol.!. The oro"",.ot C:Ul b. ",eo . . . proto-pop ph.oomeoon
Bloch W.m> w th.lt meeh.lok.! ...ptoductioo,.t first gl."... voidJIlbe oro.m.ouL But be th.o su¡;¡;esl. th.ll th. orn"",eotil IDd th. poI.oti>üty
h•••>oc;'t•• ""ilh it ..ooot b....0 •• diteetly oppo.itionil to t«hnology
Ot m;¡. . productioo." Th. philosopher proposes th. n""'pl. of. modero
b.throom .. tlU••ge. nempL.ry .ile to "'" • ulopim poleotWity. th••it.
""here ooofuoctiooility ."d tot.lli.mctiorLllity m'rg<." p.n of wh.lt W..hol'••tud)' of th. Cok. oottl••od oIher m...-produeed obj.ct. h.lp. oo.
to ",e is thi. p>rlirul.. t.o.ioo Ioelweeo fuoctiorLllity .od ooofuoelioo.Iity. the promi•• IDd poleotiility of th. onumeol. lo th. P¡'ilosoplry oj
Aody lI'"'¡'''¡ th••ni.t mu... 00 lbe ..di..lIy d.mocf>tic pot.ot;.üty h.
d.t.m io Coc.-CoI•.
WI..<'> gro" .bou'

,h;. count')';. tlu.t Amon", .Urto<! th. ".ditiun

...he", th. nch." con.umm buy ....o".!ly ,h. . . me thiup .. <h.
JK""""'. y"., "O he wotchins n ' onJ ... Coc._Co", .nd you know
tho, <h. Pze~don' J.inh Colo, liz T'Yio. d,ink. Cnh, .00 jo" tbink.
you con d,in1< Cob. '''''' A Colo j • • Coko .nd no
n' of monoy
con SO' you • hett.. Co!<o thon th. on. ,he boro on <h. co
;. Jrio'_
iog. A11 ,he Cok.. oro <h. ~ •• 00 .U th. Coko
sood. Li. T.yIor
know. Ot, , ... f'r<->odont irnow. ". <h. hum !<no

". ",d you know ~ ••

Thi. is th. poiol ""here Wnhol'. pmieubt vernoo of lbe qu«t utop"o
iropul", ero.... ovet with O'H,,,.... lhe Coke oottle is th••veryd.l)'

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 20.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=20
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Dr;¡wing' 1950s, Sríll-Lljf (Fk!J¡!er5 oollpoint il1lk OJ] Manil.l paPi![, Ui 3/4 )( 1 ¡8 in.
(42...5 ); 35,:lr:m), Andy W;u-hol (arust), 1h:e Andr \ r¡¡rhol MIISI!IJILl1, Pittsburgh¡ FoulJdrng
CoUediofl, ContributioJl, !he Andy \!f.lrhol Founc!ation ter the ViSLIal Am, lnc., 2.0
1M Aru:l)" W.lrhol.Follodahofl ror th hual Arb¡JARS, New York..

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 21.
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nut.rW th..t i. rep",,,,oled io. differeol f..me, l.poS Nre ilo ...th.tic
dim.o.ioo .od ,h. pot.ot;'ü,y ,h..t il repr"",o!s. In ~. " .. ry,by nuoife.t.'ioo sueh .0 object ...ould rep",,,,ol .:!i.",ted productioo .od comumptioo, Bu' w.,hol IDd O'HM. l>oth delect som.thing.1« io th. ob¡.<:t of
• Cok. 00,,1••"d in lhe .el of drinking • Cok....ith someene. Wh..t "'..
gle.n fmm w.rhol". plUlosophy i. the uode"''''ding th.. utopi. . .i...
in th. quotid;'n. Both queer eulturil wooo,,, Me .bl. 'o d.t.et.., op<ning .nd ind.tmni.,.ey in ...h..t for 1llID)' ¡><ople i•• locked-down d••d
eommodity,
Agrnlb<n'. r..ding of Ari,totle'> D< ..... ¡"'" m",.. ,h. erueW point th..t
th. oppo>~ion b<t......n poteoli.lity ..,d .etu.:lity i•••tmcturiog bin.,;'m
in W.srern m'''physies.'' Unlike • po.. ibility, • ,hinS Ih..t simply might
h.pp<n, • pot.nti.:lity i•• «rUin mode of nonb<ins th.1 i. eminent,.
thiog Ih..t i. p",,,,ol bul 001 ;octu.:!ly ••i.ting in !he pre",nllem•. LeokinS
.1. po<m wrineo in th. 1960>, [",•• e..hin polenti.:!ity, whkh.t th..t
point h..d not been fully m..,ifest.d,. ",l.llio,..1 field ...he", m.n could
lo.. e.eh oth.. cot.id. ,he in.litutiom of h.tem",xu;¡Ii'y ..,d oh...., •
world through th.;oct of drinking. b<, ge -.vith e.eh oth... U.inS W..hor. murlng on Coc.-CoI. io t.nd.m ilh O·H....'. word., l .... th. ¡=t
and the poteoli.lity imbu.d -.vithin an ob¡ect, Ihe "'''Y' it might "'p",,,,nt
• mode ofbeing and feeüns th.., ..... th.n not quite ,h.", but oooeth.le..
an op.ning, Bloch ...ould po';' Ih..t .ueh ulopi.., feeüng. CID .nd "'SUI.uly wi1l be di..ppointed." lh.y "'. non.th.I... in<li'p<n..bl. 'o th.;oct
of im.ging tr..,,[orm.lion.
lhi. f.", of both hope ..,d utopi., . . .ffecti. . .truetu",••nd 'ppm"h•• to ,h..1l.0&" ... ~bin th. socW, h.. beeo prooe to di..ppointm.ol, m.king tlU. eritiGOI .ppm;och diffieult, A. Bl",h ...ould imi'l, hop<
e.., be di..ppointed. Bul .ueh di..ppoiolm.nt o""ds lo b< rioked if e..t.in imp••"'. ",e 'o b< ",.ist.d. A «rUin .ffective ",.nim.llion o""d. to
trrnspire if. di..büng polilk.:! p••rlmi.m i. to b< dispbced. Anoth.. w.)'
of underst.mding BI",h·. notion of hop< i. bri.fly to im-ok. the work of
J. L. .... ustio, In H lo Do 1hi.g> k"h lI'<>rd, Awtin displ.c•• lhe tm./
f.:!•• dieho'orny th tmetu",. W.srern m.t;¡physics with ,h. mueh mo'"
eoo,"ptu.lly supple disrinetioo b<t...e.n Ihe f.licilow ..,d infeücitco.,"
Austin'. 'emu Me d..i.ed fmm und.rst;¡nding the .""ryd.ly speech .ct.
F.liciloWl 'p<<<h "''' .'" üngui.tie ",ticul.lliom th.., do som.tlUng .. ,..,11
•• "'J' som..hing. Bu' .. Au.tin 1Ilolp> out th. Iife of Ihe felici'ou< .pe«h
.ct we "'••11 lhe lbingo th.1 " ..ntu.lly go wronS .nd th. b,ilure or inf.lieity th.. i. buill inlo ,he .peeeh ;oc!. Bloch'. hopo ",so.,.t", ... ~h Au.lin·.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 22.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=22
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
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10

. . rod",,"'"

notion of Ihe felidtoos in<ohr .. i1 is al...aY" ....ntual1y di..ppointe<!. lhe
<venltul di..ppointment ofhop< is n01 a re.son 'o fo ke it.s. critical
thoo¡;h' proce.., in the ..me "'''Y thi, e..n thoo¡;h e can Imo... in .dvanee th>, felidty of Imgoage u1linutely hite.., il is nonethele.. " ..n'w.
lhe momen' in ...hich 1 """ile ,his
the eritical im>gin>'ion is in
p<riL lhe domin>nt >c.demic clim>te into which lhis
is .nempting lo intervene is dominated by. dami...1of politie>l idealism. shooting do...n otopia is an ...y mo... It is perhips e..n e..iec th>n sme>ring
p.ychom.:lytic or decoIlJltructi.. re>ding p..ctice> with the clurg< of nihili,m. lhe ""tiulopim critic of loo"Y Ius a well-wom w>c ch"t of post..cucturali,m pi"i" al h" or his di'po..1to ,huI down lines of thoogh'
thal deline..e ,he coneept of critical otopimi,m. Soci>llheory ,hit invokes lbe enncept of o'ori> h>s .:lwaY" been vulne..ble 'o chirg" of n.ai,..tr', imp..cticality, or lock of rigor. While partidl"'ting on lbe Mooem
Lang",,8' A.>oci>tion pIDeI title<! "lhe Anti-Social lh"is in Quoer lheory; 1 argued lor rep1>cing a f.llering anlice1>tiotul mooe of queec the0'Y
...ilh a queer utopiIDi,m ,hat highligh.u • cene,,""; invffiment in social
theory (one Ih.lt call> on n01 only ce1>tion.ali'y bol al", futurity j. One of
my en-paneli,ts ce'ponded 'o my argumen' by excWming th>t th"e w..
nothing ne... or ~ical .oou, utopi>. To ",me degree th>, is Ime, in",far .. l;un e>lling on. well-e..abli,he<! tradition of enlical id..ll,m. l;un
al,o not inte",..e<! in. nolion of the ..die>l thal me "'Ir conno'.. ",me
notion of e..",mity, righ'eousne.., or >llirm;¡tion of ne...ne... My in...,tmenl in utop1> and bol" is my «'pon.. lo qoe" thinking thalemb"""
a poll,ics of the he", and no... ,h.lt i, unoi<clined by wh>t 1 consid" to
be tOOay's h.lm..mng p..gm>'ic gay agend•. Sorne «itic. woold call1hi.
cryptop..gm>tic app",ach Imying with the n<gative. 1 woold no'. To
argumenl i, a "'>pon« 'o ,he polemic of the "",,oome degree thi,
tirelation: Allbough ,he m'irelational approach ..sisted in di.m>ntling
m anticri'ica! undentmding of queer communi1y, i' non"hele.. quiclJ)'
"'p1>ced the romanee of community with ,he romIDce of .ingu1>city .nd
negativity. lhe venion of queer .oc1>1 ",I..ions th>t Ihi. book attempls to
envi.iou is erilical of the communi,m.n as m .b",lule valoe .nd of it.
n<gation as an .llemati.. a11-encompa"¡ng valne. In this "IIJI< the work
of conrempo"'Y French philooopher Je>n-Luc N.ncy md his notion of
"being singnl>r plural"" seems "peei>lly import>nt. For Nmcy Ihe postphenomenologka! <>'egory of being oingnbr plural addr..... the way in
...hich the singu1>rity Ih.lt marh ••inguLu ..i.lenee i. al"..Y" corerminonsly plural_which is to."Y th...n entily re¡;i,tecs as oo,h particular

1>00.

1>00.

1>00.',

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 23.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=23
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

'n''''''''''"," "
in ilo dilfe",nco bot 01 ,he ..me 'ime .lw>y< ",[,'ionol to o,he, >ingolariti.~ lho., if one ott.mpt> lo ",nde, lbe oolological .igtt>'o", of qo«m...
lbroogh Nmey'. m'ieal opp."'to., it o«d. to he gU'l'.d •• bo,h m'irelotional md relolio.w,
Anti>oeW qOe<' Ih"",i.. are impir«! by Uo Il<=ni'. book Ho"",,, in
whieh he fin! theorized lb• ..,-ealle<! ,he';. of m,irolationality," ] have
todi•• w... I"'rtial reloog heli""d llut ,h••nti",lolionollom in qu
"udi... thol:ugu«l fOl
_pon•• to eriticol .pproaeh•• to. mode of qo
lbe ",[,'ion,; .nd conting<ol volo. of "nI.Ji')'
GI'egorr, Mm)' critie>
h.ave fullow<d lI<=n1'• •ntirebliona! 'om, hut ..gtL>bly non. . . .oce.... fully .. L... EdellIlID in hi. book No Futur<,"'] h.ave g,ut r..p'" for No
nd Ede1mm'. e.m.. book otf....n odroit ,uding of Jam•• B.ldwin'. /",t Abov< My H,ad," No Fut"", i•• brilliml md nothing .hort of
in'pirins pol.mic. EdellIlID d.arly .nnoone.. hi. mode of "soment.tioo
.. heing in the re.lm of th••thic.I, and Ihi. introdoeliou i. an .nticil"'tioo
of o reaninute<! politiGlI critiqu••nd moold be ",ad •• m idio>yncrotic .Jl"llimce lo lbe poIemicol forc. ofhi. :ugumen' and no,hing Iike.n ...y
di.mi"'" Hi. orgom.n' md th• ..,doelive .w.y of Ihe mti",[,tion;¡1 th..¡,
ener¡;ize> my :ugum.n' io key "''aY'y., [ nonelhel... coolend thol mo,1 of lbe wo,k with which [ di..gre.
onder th. provi.ion;¡1 titl. of ".ntire[,'ion;¡llhesi," moY<o to im;¡sine an
..e.1'" o, d.nOl.meemeol of relatiou.Ii'y .. ti.. t .nd for.most. di,t.neinS of qo...m... from wlut ..,m. theo,i.t. ,..m to think of .. lbe coobmiru'ion of rae., g.nd.., o, oth.. portiru!arilie> llut toint th. pori')' of
..,ruality •• o .ingolar 'rope of ditf.",nce. In oth.. wo,ds, m'irelational
.pproaeh•• lo qo«' th""'Y ..e rom;¡nee. of th. neg.>'i''', wi,hfuI thin\;ing, md im,,"meot> in d.fming v..ioo. dreolIlJl of dilf.",nce.
To sorne .>ten' C",jji"t Utopia is o pol.mic tha, "SO" .sain'l .nti",btionality by insi"ing 00 th•••..,n'iol o«d fur m ond.n!mding of
qo..me.. o. collectivity,] ""pond to Edelm;¡n'....enion th.. ,he futore
i. the previnee of ,h. ehild md lberolore not lor the qo«r> by :uguing
t1ut qoeem... i. p'inurily oboot futo,ity .nd hope, 'Ih.t i. lo ..y ,lut
qo..me.. is .Jw.y> in th. horiron. ] cont.nd thol if qo«me.. i. 'o h.ave
myvalu. wlulooe,,,,. it mo.t be ,-;ewed •• heiog ,-;.ibl. only in th. horiron. My orgomen' i. ,h.",fo", ioler..led in eritiqoing ,h. ontologiGlI e..titud. ,lull ond...bnd lo he portn.r«! wilh ,he politic> of p,e..,nli'l and
progrnotie cont.mporary soy ident~y. Thi. modo of oolologieal certilode
i. olten "'p",..,n'ed 'hroogh • .,..",'ion of di..pp.....nce md negativity
t1ut boil. down to .noth.. sam. of fort-d•.

""t",,,.•

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 24.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=24
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Wh.l then doe> • Bloch"n .pp......h off.. in>le.d of • I""""rful enliul impuae tow.ro ne¡;ationl Bloch found roIid groundJI for. critique of
• tolilizing and .,.tur>liliog ide. of tI>< p.....nt in hh con«pl of th. nolong<r-con>dous." A tum to th. no-looger-coflJlciou••nabled. critic.1
h.rm.n.utics .ttun.d to compreheoding th. not-)...-h
lhis lempor>1
ulcuhu p<rformed .nd utiliud the ¡=t .nd th. future
rmam.nt. to
comb.t th. dev..t..ing lngic of th. world of lbe he ... and now,' oolion
of nothing •.ri>ling ouhid. th. 'phere of th. curreol mom.nt,' venion
of reality th;¡t .,.tor>liu. coltoral logics .uch .. c.pit.liom .nd heleronornutivity, Coocomitmcl)', Bloch .:Iso '¡'.rpens our critical inugin;¡tion with
his .mp¡"'i. on hop<, An anliotopian mighl uod."land him..lf .. 1><ing critic.1 in ...¡.eting hop<, bot in lhe ru.h lo d.noune< it, h. wou1d 1><
mi..ing th. point th.>.t hopo i••p.wne<! of • critic.1 io.."m.nt io utop",
which i. oothiog liu naiv< boto in.le.d, profooodly ....i.tmt to th••lultifying t.mporillogie of. broun-down p.....nt.!>Iy tom to Bloch, hupe,
md utopi. i •• ch.l1eoge to th<oretical inught> th.. h.ve been .tonte<! by
th. lull of p.....ntn
and v.riou. rommeo. of neg.tivity md ha>" tbu.
I><come routioe and souodingly .ntieritie.:l, lhis .ntiutopim tl><or<tic.1
fallenog i. ofien nothin¡; more than rote invoc..ion of pool>lrudor>li.l pi..i... lhe critical pr>dic.. oneo summ.nre<! .. po<l>truetor>liom inform
my .nalysi... moch •• any oth.. soureo from which [ dr_. lh. ,or...di,,,
1wi'¡' lo mlle by tornin¡; to otopi. is .truoe<! lo E.. Koso&ky SedS"'ick'.
rntiqo. of tbe "")' in whirh paranoid re.ding pOlctic.. h.ve I><come.o
n.arly .ulom.>tic in qu",r >lodi•• lh.>.t th.y h.>..., in mID)' ""Y", e<..e<! to
1>< critiuP' Antiutop"n;'m in queer "udi.., whirh i. more oneo th;¡n
not inlertwin.d Ioilh IDti.....tio.,.lil)·. h.. le<! mmy schul", lo .n imp....
wh<rein they cmool ... fulurity for the lif. of th.m," Utopim ....dings
.... aligned witb wh.>.t S<dS"'ick woold c.11 "'I"'rative bermeoeutics."
Althoogh Cruüi"~ uropi" routin.ly ...¡«t. wh;¡t [descnb•••• "eon';n
romaneo of oegativity,' [ do no! "'IDllo di.mi.. lhe oegati," tO"t ,,,",t. Indeed [ find somo theon•• of th. neg.tive lo b. importIDl ...sourc•• for th.
thioking of. critic.1 otopimi.m. Fur ...mple, P.oIo Vtmo e1egIDtly d.scnbe. th. n.g:otion of th. n.g:otion in Multit"d" BdwWl I"""",/icn"nd
N'X"tio". Vimo r""isl> .n oppo1ilion.:l logic th.l doud. «ruin deploymeol> of oegati,ity~ md in.le.d 'p<.ks to wh.>.l h. ull•• n.g:olion th..
fonction
"mod.lit)· of th. po..ibl.;"....gre..ioo to th. infinit• .""
Vimo
pot.nti>lity in neg.tive ..recl. th.. CID be ... ,¡,.ped by oegation .nd m.de lo worl< io lh...",ice of en;octing. mooe of critic.1 po'.ibility. \fimo'. lb",,')' of tbe neg.tion of negatioo prooudil'ely Iines up

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 25.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=25
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'n''''''''''","

n

wilh ShoYlm. F.lmm'. th...,ry of ..dic.1 neg>tivity: "R>dicil neg.>'i';ly
(or ..ying 'no') belongs n.ilh.. lo n.goo'ion, nor lo oppo.ition nor lo co,""tion ('nornuli""ion'), no, lo conlr><!irtion (of ponli'" md n<g.>tiv<,
nornul.nd .bnorm.I, '..riou' .nd 'un•• no",: 'r1..ity' :rnd 'obKurity')_
~ belongs p""i••ly lo ,,,,nd.:l: lo ,h. ,,,,nd.:l of lh.;, nonopporition.·'"
Agooin, my '<gum.nt with ,h. "leb..tion of n<g.tion in :rnlireL.tio.w
qu... critiqu. is it. ¡=Iicip..ion in wh.t cm only be ...n ••• hin;¡ry logic
of opposition. R>diul n'g.>livi')', like ,h. n'g.>lion of negoolion, off... us.
modo of undersr:rnding n'g.>livily th.. is .t..k1y dilf.renl f,om Ih. ,,,,<>ion
of ,h. n.goo'i'''' propos<d by Ihe qu... , mtireL.lioni... He.. th. n<g.tive
b<-com•• Ih. r<sour« for • «n.,in mode of qu"", ulopimi.m.
Once .gooin Ilum lo • lit.",y eLlmple wi,h Ih. hopo of d..cribing !he
p<rfomutiv< forc. of th.1 pmirubr qu...r u'ori:rn writing proj.ct, A p.a·
graph from Eil«n Myl.... eIlr..,rdinary memoir of coming into qu...
conociou.ne" in ,he 1%0> .nd '70. i. esp..i.:lly ..Ii.nt fo, my purpos..,
C¡"'¡"'a Girl, is. rib..ld tnl foil of fucking. d'inking, md olbe, mod•• of
pot.nl;'!ly lyric.J ..lf-d""lruction. N... ,he .nd of thi. I••l"".nl lo lhe
.chin¡; m><!ne.. of l<oh;'n d""-'re, • !"""",rful yet diminiohed figure hriefly
ent." lh. fram•. At tlli. poinl the young poe' h.s b<com. th. pm·time
",rel.l<.. fo, lh. gre.. qu... voic. of th. New York School of poelry_
J"""" Schuyler, !>Iyl•••nended to ,h. oId .nd infirm«! Schuyl.. iu hi.
rerid.n'i.J room" th. legend.ry del••• Hotel.

''¡.n'.

From h .. bod h. "O th. '¡'ow. 1<'>.
r.w pooplo ll<now h.v.,
mo>tly Scorp"", ",,'''eh he ""
Yoo"" bo h ....... ogly ",";og Y"'"
>10,Y,
I;k•• ""''''''O eh"
, runoiog np,t io whon you """,.,od
<h. lons wh..-f Y"" ,.... "kiog • ,ho" no> on, hi,
oboo w., no<

o,

<h.... l' "".. hopo"'''' 1ho yollow.n h .. " " , m Iio<" h"sh"'. th•••,
Iio<.mo erinkl¡<- Y"'" th""'t Iio<..... f"IThed-you fok Y"" h.J umply
Iio<orno • jo<l<. 11,. p..... oce of 1;;, .tt.mion w.. '" "mng, '" .... ply
f","yo-oueh. thinS 'o "'th. Y"'" tioy .... po",. w.",1< m <hol wh.n

" w.. Son. you h.J 'o ""p .nJ """,,, in "lenco .g.o'n. Th.n 1;. m'gh'
bogin, '" ped.. p" you eould eorn. up w"h ",m"hiog .1.. ooc. ,he
"".tt"'o.... <h. voiJ pmod. You h.J 'o "'1 ~lont fo, • ""1 long timo
",mod.)"'. H. w.. I;k. m","e, Jimmy W". ",J Y"" h.J 'o ... liko mu""

to ... wi<h him, bu, uocio.."nJ ;0 hi. room h. "".. cooduelo,. H.
Ji"",od ,h. yollow
'n room 61.1. lt w.. "..,... Iou. to
<>UnJ.
1, w.. hug• ."d imf"";'" Wh
m.'U" io <h. ~"'OC. w
"""'S
p;rt....., mo", .100
ehnJ ""
utiful .n.....l."
loo

.j,

'o •

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 26.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=26
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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In th. >pi'it of th. munte<pol.mic.J " "ve th.t thi. introJuetion h..
be.o t.king I "'nlt to .ug¡;eot tlu.t tru. p
g. eoold be
n •• ,ep,e..nting.n .nti-nltireÍ>tion;¡lity th.t is bolh weinlly rep tive nld • prime
.nmpl. of lhe quee, otopimi.m for ",rueh I >JII ..guing. Anti-mtiotopi.nism i•• ph,
th.t I borrow from Fredrie J.m..on md ind.. ",h.n
nurking this I"' g. in M)1eo ...nti-nltireÍ>ti"""L" Anti-.ntiutopimi.m
is not .I>oot • me<ely .tIlrnl1tive o, p<»ilive inveotm.nt in utop;'. G.y .nd
I..bim .tudi.. <>n too ...ily .,...p into the b..k.lly ,e>etiorw-y po"ure
of d.noondng. etitic.l inugüution tlu.t i. not locud down by ••ho,t.ight.d d.n;,1 of mytrung but th. h.re md now of thi. mom.n!. Thi. i.
th. mtiotopim .tmce th.t eh...eteri... the .ntireÍ>tiorul tum. Th. prime
">JIIpl.. of qu«, nltireÍ>tion;¡Jity in Ile..... ni'. H"",,,,. Ed.lnun·. No F"_
11m, .nd .11 th. othe< propon.n!> of thi, rum io qu«r eritid.m M< oc.n..
of ¡oui...nce, whieh.re .1",..)'1 d.ocribed ...lu.nering orgumie "'pture.
ol1en ••><><:;'ted ",ilh &,). nuI...ru.J .bnldon '" ",U-.tyl.d ,ioky beh,,'OOr. !>l>ybe th. be.t.nmpl. of m nlti-mtirebtio"'¡ oc.n. th.t I eould involre woold be mothe< .peet1CuÍ>r io".nce of ..ru1l t",ugre";oo. Th.
mom.nt. o[ pomog...phíc mmmu"'¡ ...ptore in S>JIIoel D.Í>ny'. w<rl
mm. m...t imm.di.tel)' to mind." But inst••d [ eh""", to focw on thi.
reÍ>ti<>n>lline betweeo. yoong wrut.le"';'n nld >n olde< 8"y white nun
be",o", it d"", the kind of cro"ing tlu.t mtirebtion1l theori"••re 50
Ire.n on ..ehewing '" ignoring.
Myl.. i. poo to t.le CM< of Schoyler. 00 lhe level o[ politie1l econom)'
this rel.tion.hip i, ...y to .«ount for. Bot if "''' think of D.l.ny'. dl1mpioning of inte<d... conl1ct ",i!hin ...rvice econ0"'Y md th••IRcti...u,plo. it off.... the I"""ge "P.n. 0P quite h..utifolly.-" Th. younger poet
not.....0« of·OOl"'l.."'.... ""d feeling lilre • j.rt ...he ",ort. to t.1re
ur. of th. oIder nun. wb"", .n.ntion """,es md ",..ne>. Th. ,eÍ>tion;¡Jit),
i, not .ooot .impl. positivity '" .ffimution. [t i. 1iI1ed witb .U .on> of
b..J feelings, momenl:l of .i1.nee .nd hrinlen.... But b<yond th. void tlut
...nd. h.t"".n th. hvo poet., lhere i••omcthing el.., • ,"rplo. tlut i.
mmife.t in th. eomplezity of tb.ir momenl> of eonl1et. Through qootid;,n ..rvice-ecoo0"'Y inte..ctiottJI o[ eare md .impl. mn'''.....tion lhe ",lituy ocen. o[ m old mm .nd his yoong ."¡,,;mt i. t",,,form.d. A ,hytbm
th.t i. no! .impl. rebtionility o, routin••ntirebtiorulity i. ewbli,¡,.d
Thi. ¡, th. mWlk tlu.t i. Jimmy, tru, i. lhe mu.k o[ Eileen, this i. the bum
of tb.irconl1ct. This i. Jimm)' directing "th. )'ellow >.i, in room 625." Jt i.
ful«n ",.tehing, Ii.tening. Jt i.th...n", of mntempbtíve >we tlu.t I
id.ntified in W"OOI'. ·wo"";md OH". nunk opb..t poetic ",d.n«.

Iu.,,,

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 27.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=27
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
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Jt ¡, th. mood of ..ceplion in which B1och..l<. o. ro pmicil"'t•. It ¡, th.
boing >ingo!.r pluul of qu..m= tt i. lil<. th. udic.l neg.tivity tlut Sho.!un> F.lmm imul<.. when trying to d.ocribe th. bilo.. tlut i. intrirulle
in J. l. Austin'. m"l'ping nf the perfo'm>'i'''. lber. ¡,. b.",ming OOth
mim>! md chilJ ,lut Myleo ul'im>t.ly gliml"'" in m infirm.d Scho)ier,
In this p....SO we ... the .nticip.'ory iIlumin>tion of th. otop"n (IDcoling ,h. relentleo••hado"" p")' of ab",nce mJ p,,,,.nce on whkh th.
m'irelabonal th.,i, ''''!>. lb••!f<.cti,.. 'one of thi, !"""SO ligh!> th. ,..)'
to th. rep>..ti"",
lbi, book Iu, b..n ,.,in.n in nolhing hke • vacoom, t luve w<in.n
ooid. lttIDy b.1o>..d ",ll.bouto,., interlocutor" IDd ",m..d••. And
""hil. ,h.", f,i<nd, h.ve be.n • ",orc. of prop";,ion fu, m., they Iuve
.rp.."ed qoallIlJl ,000' ",m. of the ,h""..tle.1 mov.. I nul<. in C"'io;ng
Vlopi", Fo, ...mpl., ",me fri<nJ. ha>.. »I<.d m. why I Iu,.. cho",n to
",u,k ",,~h th. mo.. eccentrk c"'P0' of Bloch and no' l!<nj.min'. mo..
f"",ili.. ule. on tim., hi,tory, or lo", 1 h.ve .¡,., b..n >Sked bo"" [ coold
tom 'o • 'eot .uch •• MmWl" Ero. ""d Civil;:"""" .~.. "lichel Fonc.nlt
f"",oo.ly critiqu.d tlut ,...,rk in Hiotory 01 Su,ual;ty, rol.m, l. One ...<le,
of m earli.. draft ..p..,,,,d ",ncem t1ut I tale time to ulk .bout Bloch
in th. ",nt..t of M.....n 'OOngh' but do no' ",nt.xtoali", Heidegge, in
,e1>tion to Nni.m. [ h".. no' Iud my simpl. o, di..et ;ms",..,. fo, th",.
tbooghtfol ...<le ... lb.i, concem, h.ve m.J. m••"'.... of. need to fu,th...itn>t. ,hi. pmj.et, 1 Iu,....,i,ted Foucault .nd ll<nj.min bec.us.
th.ir thought h.. b..n well mined in th. fielJ ofqo.., critiqo., 50 moch.o
tlutth..e two thinh,' I"'radiglIlJl n",," fe.1 .Im",t uilo,-mad. fo, qo."
,todi••. [ h... w>nt.d 'o look to oth.. >i'« of theorrtkallracbon. Bloch
"'.., not.d .. not boing .'pec"lly progre"ive ,000' g.nder md '.%n>li')',
H.idegger '. ....nto.1 I"'litle.llum w» of ",one horrilic, .nd I\l>rco",'.
im;,tence on .",wedl)' ~beutioni.t ,hetorle nuy ... m hk. 5Om.thing of
• throwb.ack, A bi'ly ob>'¡on< ,e>ding of Fooc>olt'o "'iting on th. "P"',i,.. hypo,heri." ",uold perc.ive ~ ... di..et ""1"''''' to Ero. a..d Civj~_
<ation. Al'OOngh Mmuo" ve ..ion of mrpln< ..p""ion m.y pct.nlially
nuke reprohe"';on the Iu.k con,tilulive elem.nt fo, thinking .oont "",
it non.th.I... offe" • libo..tioni...nd critic>1ly utopiID ,ale on .ubjugation, M:lITlll< mJ H.idegge' ",..,e not ..dle.lhomo"'....¡, lil<. Fouc>olt
o, mmantk melancholico lih l!<nj>min, with whom qu..,. tod.y c>n
.";1)' i<lentify, but m)' tom to • cert.in modality of "l>,%im mJ phenom.nologic>ltOOught i. calibut.d to offer n."" thooght im>geo fo, qo.., critiqu., dilfe ..n' p.tho ro qo••me...

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 28.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=28
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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U, me momenl.nly le.ve 810eh .ude md io>te.d Ioc>k lo the problenutic figur« of /turcu.e md hi. onelime meo'or Heidegger. My iote","
in their work (md 81oeh·., for thil m....r) pivols from ,heir ",I.lioo.hip
to ,he tndilioo of G.,mID iduli.m. "urcu..'. M.ru.m sought ou, • philosophic;o1 coocreten«. ,hit, io. provi.io",,1 f..hion, ",soo.le<! wilh pheoomenolog)' .od 'p«ilic.Uy ""ilh the iote"," of!he Heidegger of Bti"t
"nrl TI"", in purruioS' cOfIcrete philosophy, Bo,h >1"';0. of thought "';'<te<! Germm ide.Ii",,'.lurn 'o ."'tractiou..,d inmrdne... 80Ih cra,..d
• p,,<tic.l philosophy ,hit d<>eribed ,he ""orld in hi'loric.Uy ...:tieot
f..hion, "brcu.. 'urned to Heidegger ... philosoplúc;o1 iorlueo« .od •
sourc. durios wh.1 ""•• deocriW .. ,he cri';. io "b,,;,m io Gemuo)'
duriog ,he 1920.. Al th.1 poinl • mode of scieoti"" domi""ted M".;'m
..,d led '0.0 .0tiphilosophk;o1 md mechioi.tic .pprmch to /tuno /tbrru...od Heidegger'. ",blioo.hip bmou.1y f.:l.. r<d •• /turcu.. joioed ,he
F"okfurt 5<hoc>l."d Heidegger e..o'u.:lly joine<! ,he Nui P..ty 00 /tU)'
1, 1933, Ai!hough we c.o no"" look .t 1928'. Bá"t and TI..., ."d loe.te
phil=phic.l modelo th.. "'..,'" I"'rlup...eo theo politic.lly righ,-wing,
it i> p"'ci..ly ,hi> ",l.ltion;¡J ."d politic;o1 ¡'jlu« 0fI wlúch I nooethele..
",,:m' to ffi.,..,Il, /t!Mcu...."" io Heidegger. ontology. oew route to bette< d<>e"be hum:m ru"ence. He w.. !:Iken with hi. mentor. oo'ion of
hiuo"city .nd ""hil it eould potenti.Jly do fu, whit ",... then. /tuni""
in du,,,,.. Much 1.ler, M.,.", 1844 nunoscripl> "'..,'" diocove",d, .nd the
eoncrele phil"",!,hic>! .ppro>eh unde"lood •• hi.loric>! nuteri:ili.m bee:une fully m:mif",t M:ln:u.. looked b:ock md ",.:lized thi, ,he phenomeoologic.1 .."ion of hi.loridl)· w.. not oec"s:u-y, A1thoogb I too hive •
gre.. disd.in fo< wh.t Heidegger'. w"ting b.,:une, I none!hele.. look on
it .. f:rilo'" ""o<th kno""ing,. polenli.1 th.1 blt.,e<! bot e." be nonethele.. """,rhd in ,he .e"ice of. <!iff.",nt politia..,d unde"I:m<!ing of
the world. lhe que.. utopi.ni>m I :un «pou.inS ""ould ",..,n look Nek
on HeideSS",'. notioo of fuluri'y in Bá,,!: "nJ TI"", md "l:Ich ilself to
"p«t. of ,h.t theo')' of ..mporali'y. lo Heidegger. vmion of hi,toricity, hi.loric.l eu"ence in lhe p..1 .Il"",..,d fu, mb;eels to .<t with • mind
tow:ud "fulure po»ibiliti..: lhu>, futurity becom.. hi.to')". dominIDt
principie. lo ••imil.,. r..lúon I ,hink of queeme..... temporal :u-..ngemenl in wlúch the 1"''' i•• rield uf po..ibility in which mb;'<I. e.n :oct
in the pr"",nt in the ..,,;« of. ne"" fulurily. lo my th..i. ultim,"ly eo,ruple<! bec.o.. i' find. sorne kiod uf hi.torie.1 r«OnIDce ""ith lhe no""
polilic;o1I)' "'p",heo.ible Heidegg..? Re.de ... c.n cle..1y glimpse the
t"ce of /t!Mcu.... ",noooce<! menlor io bi. 1>t.. ""rilins. md ind~ th.:o,

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 29.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=29
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

'o,'''''''''"'" "
problem.lic influence i. pm of lhe lhemetical force ofhi. le~ philooophy,
To da,," from .uch ",urce••nd u!linutely m.ke them .en.., moth.. proj«t, ooe th., lhe .uloo, hirmelf would h>ve quickly denounced, ••"ve< ..
• crilicaleng:ogement_crilique .. willfu! di>loy.lty lo the m.uter, Heidegge, ¡, therrtore oo! lhe lheoretical pro'.goni" of my ;orgumeol; more
oe..-!y, he i. an opporlunity .nd occ";oo to think qu...me.. or qu...rly,
Heidegger i. then philo"'phk.1 m..ler IDd .bj.. l politi..1f>ilu"" lhu.,
we
the the"",tic of virluoUly >nd f"¡lu,e th., [ d"",rib. in ch.pter 10
.. qu m..... m)'.
Thinking heyond the moment and .g:oinst .blic hi.tofid."" i•• proj«t ,h.t i. d...p!y .ymp.lhetic lo Judith H.lbe"bm'. wmk on qu..., temporality'. ",I>tion to .p.li.lity, m",t immedi>te!y the notioo of .lraight
time. lt al", dr>w. 00 Carl> Fr....ro'. notion of f>ntmn.'ic hi.toriogaph)', Eliz.beth F,ee"",n'. thoory of tempor>! dag. C.rol)'n Dim!uw'. 'ppro>ch to "louching ,he p..l; G.)-a'ri Gopin;o,h'. lheorizing of ,he time
md pl>ce of queer di..pora .. an "impo..ible d«i",,' IDd JiU OOl>,Ú wo,k
on lhe utopim io perform>n..." Aloog lh"", line., a1'hough ,hi. wriling proj ..t i. not .lm)" e.plidtly .ooul ",ce, ic do<. oh.... much poIiti..1urgeocy ,,"ilh • vib,:m' li.. of ochol"" wo,king 00 the p..-tirul.nlie. of
qu.." of colo, .nd lhei, poIiti..." 1!uve .pent """,e time .rguing .&""'t
lhe mti",blion.1 m",.., io que.. lheory, Quee, femini.. and queer of colo,
critique••'" lhe I"""..,rful count..",..,ighl 'o ,he an'irebtional, 1.il""te my
worl< "Ju....I)· io '00" qu.rte".
Cert:linly L.uren Il<rl>nú wotl< on the poIitic. of .ffert io public life
!U. h>d. otrueturing influen.. on ,hi. projeet. In. [994 ....y, titled "'68
O< Something; ll<rlan' ..pbinerl lhe miel". pro;"t in • m)' t!ut =owith much of lhe po",..,rful wtiling th.l hu foll"",ed i': "Thi.....y
i. wtinen in f""o, of ",fu.ing 'o l«m the le.",", of hi.lory, of ,efu'ing
lo ",lioquioh u'opi:rn p"'eti.., of ",fu.ing ,he .p¡=ent!y ioevit.ble m","ment from lragedy to fme th.l ¡,., nurked '" much of lhe .n.!y.i. of
sociol movemen" gene...'ed p"'t '68."" The ",f=1 of empirid.t hi'lotiogt-aphy>nd il> denouo«meol of utopian looging ¡,." heen >n imporl>nl
roe fur thi. pro;'et.ll<rlan". in,i.tence on ,he ",fU»! of oo<"",til.., .ffect
remiod. me of ,he Gr«' Refu,>! fo, which 1>l>rru>e ",lled
e.,¡¡er,
C",i>i"~ Utopi<l i•• criti..1 mo.. t!u, h.. heen forged in re!.tion to the
wotl< of Il<rlan' and oth.. ocho!." wilh whom 1 h... h.d ,he huury lo
worl< under the b>nner of the Public Feeling. Group." lIut thooretic>!
proj..l h.. h.d.n importIDt .eli,;.t compooeol thIDks to tbe inspired
worl< of tbe Chic.go F...l T:mk." The very id.. th.l "'.., <>n e..n ",nture

""te.

re""

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 30.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=30
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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to fe<l utopi." io the he,e ."d O""" h>. l>eeo oouri.hed thmosf¡ rny fu,tuo.te ...oci.lioo w~h th;. eoliegiol eohorl.
Ullim>tely. this book otren. theory of que", futurity th>t i••oeoti,..,
to the I""t fu, the purpo'" of critiquing • p.....ot. Thi. mode of queer
critique dep<od. 00 critic,1 pu<tic'" th>t su", off the f.Jlur.. of im>gin>tion th>t [ uodem.nd ...oti...blion,]ity ."d ."tiutopwu.rn io queer critique. The mode of ·cruioiog· fur which thi. book c,]¡" i. out on1y or "'..,0
prinurily ·cmi'iog for sex: [ do se< .n unllmited poIentiility io .<tu.1
queer .n, but books of critiei.m th>t >imply gbmoriu the ontology of
g:oy m.le cmi.iog .... mo oneo th>n nol ,imp1y boriog, [o this book [ do
ooo",hele.. di.till:«>me
1 theoretie.1 eoergy fmm hi,toric,] >ccouot.
of fueking ."d utopi•••ueh .. Joho Giorno'. ;Oum;¡J. (ch>pter 2) .od
s"muel Debny '. memoir. TIt, Moti"" 01 Light .nd 1V~k'r (ch>pter 3). 1h.lt
m»' h>ve .omethiog to wilb the historie>! textu... lb"", tezto pmvide. 10dee<! thi, book ••u ooe to cmise the fie1<h of the ,;.",,1 ."d oot '" vi,u.1
in m etrorl to se< io lbe mticip.tory iIlumin>tion of lbe utopim. lf...
indie>ted by the f>moUJI quot.lion fmm Ose., Wi1de th.t .pp<.rs io the
epiguph. ", m>p of the world th>t d"". oot iodude Utopi. i. not w",th
gI;oocing .t; theo .!feclive >ud cogoili,.e m.!"" of the world th>t • critic']I)' que<, utopiooi"" C>rl c....te. m>p' tlu.t do indude utopio, need to b<
..teoded to in • r...hion th.t iodeecl .....mble> • kind of politicizecl enil.ing. [n the pl>ce of ",,,iou. exlu.ustecl theoretic.J .tme.. Cru;,i"!: V/opio
oot on1y cl. ,..den to recomide, ide...uch .. hop< .od utopi. but .L.o
clu.lIenge> them to feel hop< md to fe<1 utopio. whieh is to ")' clu.llenge.
them to .ppm"h the que", critique fmm ....newecl md newly mim.ted
..n.. of the sociol. « ... fully crui.ing fo< the nri<d poleoli,]ilies th.t m»'
.bound wilhio tlu.t ¡¡<Id.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 31.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=31
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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1

Queerness as Horizon
Uropian Hermeneutic5 in ¡he Fau

o/ Coy Pragmatism

I HG IN TH IS eh.pI" on futurity .nd a d",¡.. tlu! ¡. utopi.n by luming to " 'e:>l from lh. p..'_mo.. 'pedfic.lly, lo lh"". worW tlut <mm.t.
from ,he 'I"'tiolemporal «>ordi""te Bloch "ferred jo •• ,he no-Iong..rOMCioWl,. term tlut.nempt. to
more pred.. und...bnding of
lh. worl< th.t lh. ¡=t d""., wlut can b. ond.rstood .. lh. períonn>,j,..,
forre uf ,he prn. A 1971 ¡..ue uf lhe I\'-y lib...tion ;oonul G.y FlamN indooed , nunife,to by , group ralling ~ ..If Third World G.y Rovolution.
lb. text, titl.d 'Wh" We W."I, Wh" w. Jl.eliove," off. red " debil<d li"
nf demmd.tlut inc1uded lh. al>olitiou uf e.pil.:! p"ni.hment, lh•• l>olimmenl uf in.litution>! reUgion, .,,<1 lbe end uf lh. oourgeoi> bmily. lb. enti", li,' uf .h'..,n demmd. culmin.ued with. "'JU«' lh•• ,.., ••('<dall)'
..dic.1 md ¡>oigo.", ,.hen compMed lo the .nemi< polilie.1 .send. th.t
domin.te. eonlempor>'Y LGBT politic. in Norlh Ameri<. loo.y.

.""el"

16.) IV,

w.,,' • o..... wri"y_.

....", hbo,.tion of hum,u;'lI f

".n,po''''''''n, f.... ti,.J,ti c

","'¡utoon."y "",¡,Jo>! ""''"'y_ IVe
food, rn.. ,¡"lt.., rn.. "oth"'&> fr..
f.... utih"... fr.. «I",,"on, f",...,
,b< ",,«1, of ,ti. f'O"'pIo como fin'

fo, .Jl W. w.n' • '''''''y wh
W. boll,.. tlw .11 f'O"'pi. <houlJ ,¡,,,,,, ,h. l>bor onJ p,od"," of
>o<,",y, .. coru,os 'o ..ch O""' n...J••00 .h,];,"" ",smll... of ,....
.... •S" "" .....1 p.. f,..... ~ W. bol,.,-. ,b< 1.00. 'ochnology.OO lb.
mNU'

of produ"""u bolouS 'o lb. pooplo,.OO mu" bo '¡'oaJ by lb.

f'O"'pi. c01l0<1;...ly ro, ,h. hbo•• tion of .U·

When we con.id.. tIle ..tremely p..gnulie .send> th.. org:mize. LGBT
.ctivism in Norlh Americ. tOO.y, the detnIDd •...e .....nl • new •.xiety·

.
Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 32.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=32
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

]O

Qworno>''' _ _

nuy:<e<m n;oi,.. by th. p.....n". ".md.rd.. M."Y p<opl. would diuniu
th... demmd••• imp ...cticol o, m....ly utopim. y., I con'end th;¡, ,h....
;, S"''' ".Iu. in pulling ,h... wo"'¡" from th. no-long'J'-coMCioWllo mn
• critiqu. of ,h. pre..nt lh. 11>< of "",.. in ,hi. lIlIDif."o C:Ul b. mi...k.nl)' reod .. the "",.." implicit in ,h. id.n'ity politic. th;¡1 .m.rged .fier ,he
lhird Worid G.y Re",lution group. Such .....ding would mi.. th. point.
lhi••",.." do<. nol 'p<ll to. me"'lr id.n'i!."im logic but in.t.od 'o.
logic of fu'urity. lh••",.."
to • "",," th.t i. "no' ret co=iou.; th.
fu'u....oci.ty ,lu.t i. b.iog in",led md .dd... ><ed .t !he ..m. mom.nt.
lh. "",.. ;, no' cont.nt 'o d.mi!>e who ,h. collective i. bul mo... n••ri)'
d.-.crib<s wh.l!he coll.eli,.. md the I.uge' <oc;.l orde, eould b., wh;¡t
it .hould be. lh. p.nicobriti•• ,h.t .... li.t.d_"rK., "x,'S' o, .<%u.1
p...f....nee.._ .... not ,hing> in md of th.m..lw. th.t form.1 th" "",..",
ind••d ,h. ".t.menú "",.." i. "'egoordl.,," of lhe.. nurl«.., which i. not
to ..y th;¡, il i.l>.yond .uch di.tinction. o, duo to th... dilf....ne.. bot,
inst••d, th;¡, it i• ..
,h.m, lhi. i. to ..y th;¡t the freid of ulopi.n po'.ibility i. on. in whieh moltipl. fo"", ofb.longing in dilfe ...nce odh.... to
• b.longiog in collectivity,
Such moltipl. formo ofb.longing-in-dilf....nce md .:r:p.n.i'" critiqu••
of soci.>1 ••yrnm.t'i•••re .b..n' in ,he domin;ont LGBT I••de ..hip eommunity md in m""y ''P'''ls of qu""r critiqu •. On. mmif..lo from tod.y'. mowm.nl tlul ...m...peciilly ...p
nutiw of th••n.mic, ohortoight.d, md ...t"'g...de politic. of!he pr nt i. "A11 ToS"he, Now (A
Blu.prin' for Ih. Mov.m.nt),"'. t... ""in.n by pro-g>r-nu"';'ge 1'''1''''
E,'.n Wolfoon th., .ppeM<d on hi. web.it., fr""domlommy.org, Wol&on'•
•ingle-mind.d t... id.nliti.. ,h••ociil '«ognition ""d fin;¡nci.>1 .dvm"ge.
off....d by ill.dition;¡l mmi.>g. pKt... ,h. ley lo wh.t h. c.lh "f,,,,,dom,"
F,,,,,dom fo, Wolfoon i. m.... indo.ion in. corrupl md bmkrupl soci.1 0'd... Wolfoon cmno! critiqu. th. I..-S', ideologicil "'gim. th.t "'p",..nt.
nurn.g••• oom.thing desi...ble, n;o'oru, md good, Hi••"imib'ioni.t g»'
politics po';'••n ".11" tlul i. in f.el. f.... : qo.... with enough Kee.. lo '"pitil to im.gin•• lif. int.gr.tN ",i!hin North Am.ric.n c.pi"l;'t coltu,e. Jt
go<' ilmost withoul ..)-;ng ,h.t !he ".11" invohd by!he &'Y I.lwyer md hi.
follo"'.....'" notrn.lti,.. citiun-rubj«u with • ho.. of ';gh.. only .fford.d
to oom. (.nd nol.lI) qu... people. Argumen" 'g>in.1 &'Y mmi.ge h"..
b..n .,ticobled with S"'.I.rum.n by ti.. Dogg:m .nd Rich..-d Kim.' Bo'
it ;, lI'ollion'. invoc:;¡'ion of th. t<rm jmdom ,h.t ;, mO>! on.rttling.
1I'0lhon .nd hi. websit", ,hetoric d.grod. ,h. concept of flff<lom.
Homonorm.tive culturil ."d poI!tic.1 lobb)i....uch •• Wolfoon h"..

..,..ko

,id,

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 33.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=33
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

d"S'.d<d th. politie;o1 md coneoptu.l meco of concop" .ueh •• fro<dom
in th...me w.y llut ,h. eu,..nt politic.1 ..gim. of th. Uniled SI.t•• h..
d"S'.d<d ,h. term /i"'",ti... in th< e..< of ..cool Middl. wtem forrigo
policy, 1 iovoke WoIr.on he.. oo! so mueh .. this elupt.,. prob1<m o,
foil bu' merdy .....ceol .ymptom of th••rosion of th. &,-y md 1",biID
politie.J im.gin.tion. Wolfson r<pr nu mmy homonorm.li.... inter",t.
I••ding tb. cont.mpomy LGBT mo m.ol t"",;ud th. go.J of "n;¡'urnizing" the tl.",..,¡ .nd to<ic ideologic.J mnn;¡'ion Imo""n •• mmi.g<. lb•
• ping of tr>Ji'ion.1 .Irngbt r<btio.,.li,y, ...peet.11y mMri>ge, m, g>J"' IDd
I••bt.n. mnouoco. itself ... p..goutic .t ..tegy ""h.n il is in bct. d...pl)'
ideologie;o1 proj.et tlu, i. IunIly p..etic.L [n thi. ''')' g>y mmi.ge's .1.t..cto" ... wsolut.I)' 'igbt: gay mmi.g< i, 001 n;¡'urn_bu' ,hen .gain,
n.ith", i. mmi.ge fo, ID)' iodividLl.lL
A .iroib, bu' mo.. numced form of ""Iu, 1 .m ..f<<Ting lo .. g.y p"gnutic 'hougb' e.n be .... o in Biddy MHtin'. worl<, .spect.!Iy he, ["yehom.Jytie.lly impire<! dt.go"'is ,h.t qu«, eritÍ<Ju, ...
from m mdrocoolrie b¡., in ""hich qu...m... p....nt. iudf .. lh. "..t'>o'Jinuy· ""hil•
•1 ,h...me 'im. fl«iog Ihe eh"8' ofbeing "onli.,.ry," !leing o,dinuy IDd
being mMried
both .ntiulopi.ln wi.h"" d",¡"', thil .ulom.tie.Jly ..in
th."""1",,, in, n ' d..-ing 'o "'" o, inugin< th. not-)",'-coflJlciou•. lbi.
Iin. of thougbl th., [ ;un id.n'ifying .. pr>gm.tie i, t;¡ken from il> ....,n.eul.. r<gi.ter, l.m not ..f<<Ting 'o th. Ktu.1 philosophic.1 tr>di'ion of
Americm p..gm.ti>m of CIwi•• l'<irc., Wi!lt.m J;un"" or John o.,"''''y.
Bu' ,h. eu,..nt VY poIilic;o1 .tr>t.gy 1 .m d=,ibing .loe. ,),;¡re m inter... in .mpi'id>m ""ith th.. ochool, G.y p..gnutic orgmiziog i. io di,ect
oppo,;tion to th. id••li.t thougbl tlut 1...oci.l< ...o<lemic to • m,,,,,.md.wning qu«m." thil e.lls on • no-Ionger-conociou, io th. . .<vic. of
im.gining. futurity.
Th. ool-quil<-conociou, i. th< ...Jm of pot.ntt.lity llut mu" be ,,11• .1
on••nd in.i.ted on, if "'''' .re <ver 'o look beyood th. pr>gm.lic .ph...
of th< h... ""d no"", ,h. h01l"", .,.tu.. of th. p....n'. lbus, 1 ""i.h 10 ..SU' tlut queem",. i, not quite h",.; it i•• in Ih. Imgu.g< of lt.Jim plúlosopher Giorgio Agambeo, • pot.n,t.lity.' Ahin B..Jiou ",f." to thit
""hich follo",", ,h••",nt •• ,he llúng-th.l-i.-not-yel-inugioed,' ""d in my
...im.tion queem",. '00 .hoold be unde"toOO lo hi,,,, ••imib, ,'.I.nco.
Bu' m)' 'um to thi. ootion of ,h. not-quite-eonocious is 'Vio io<lebt.d
to Bloch .ud hi. m..';'. th....volum. te.t Tltr Pri"<lp/r oi Hop<.· Th.t
t,..'i... bo,h • continu.tioo .nd .n .mplilic.tion of G.rmm id••li,t prKtic•• of thougbt, is • critic.J di>coune_""hich is 'o ..y ,lut il .loe, not

ff."

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 34.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=34
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

"

Qworno>... _ -

....,t o, tom 'w>y from th. p"""nl. R.th.., il critiqu•• an .ulon;¡tornizing t.mpornit), th.t we mighl ,;dI oI,uig/1r rim<o Stt>ight time t.llo WI th>t
th... lo no futore but th. h" ...nd now of ou, ewryd>y lif.,' lb. onl)'
fototU)· promioed i. th>t of .. p,odueti'" m>io,it>rim h.t..",.ruilitl', th.
'J"'<l>d. of lb" .I>t...fu,bi.hing ilo ..nb through ",..,t IDd .ulnidized
aclo of reprodo,tion. In No Fut.,,", ~. Ed.lman .,I\i... qu"",,, th>l th.
foto.. i. "kid .lol!.' Althoogh 1 beli.... th>t th... i•• lollo Iik• .ooot
Edelm>n'. pol.mk_mo.t1y ito di<d.in for tli. culto.. of lb" chilJ_1 01tim.ld)' .....nt to .peak fu, • notion of qo«, futurit)' b)·toming to Blnch'.
ctUi,,1 notion of utopi>.
lt i••qo.:lll' poI.mi<>1 to
th>l we
not qoit. qu... )'"t, th.t
qo«m..., wlut "'......iIl ...:Ily kno...... queeme do<. not yet ••i.!. I "'gse" llut holding qo«rn... in. oort of onlologi<.:Ill' hombl" .tal", ond<t
• con«pto.:l S'id in ....hkh "'.. do no! ,!>im lo .lw>ys .I... dy kno.... qoee,n... in th.....orld, pot.ntl>lIy "'w. off th. o..ifying .!feet. of n""libe..1
ideology md th. d.gr.d.tion of polilin brooght .0001 by "'p,,,,.nt.tio'"
of qu«rne.. in cont<mpor>'y popola, coltu...
A po.t.no, gl>n« .t dilf...nt momen", obiect., .nd 'pac•• mighl off.. '" m .ntidpatory illomin;¡tion of queern"... w. <>nnot "",t in th.
nunife.talion. of wlut '01'0" 1""'1'1.....oold c.:ll qo«rn... in th. p....nt,
••p,,,l>lIY>JI "mOOdi.d in lbe pt>gnutk dob.a... tb.al domin.l" conl"mpo"ry gol' .nd I••bim politi". (H",., .¡;ajn, 1 m",t poinl<dly m.m U.s.
qu«" clamonng fo, lhri, right lo partidpat. iu th.
i",tilolion of
m>rriage ..,d, m>ybe ",.." .., lo ..<ve in th. milit.ry.) Non. of thi. i. to
..y tb.at lh... are no! >v.t= of. qu«, fulonly, oolh in lhe 1"''' .nd th.
p....nt, "'peci.Ul' in <it.. of ,u110..1produ<tion. Wh>t 1.1'0 "'¡;g<'ting i.
th.l "'.. gain • sr..t.. ,on«pto.:l >nd th""r<lic;d I.....ge if ....... qo«,n..... oomething th.l iJI nol )'" h.... In thi. ",,,,. ~ i. o",ful to con"d..
Edmund Hu,..rl, ph.nom"nology'. foundor, .nd hi. invit.tion to lcok to
honzo", ofb.ing.'Indeed to .ce... qu«, vi",.:Iit)' "'.. nuy n«d to >quint,
to .train ou, "';';on .nd fu". ~ lo "''' othe""i.., beyond lhe limil<d vi.t.
of the h....nd no .
To 'ritiqu" ID o
"hing "he.. IDd now" i. not to tum oni. fac.
'''''>y from the ""ryd.)'. Rol..,d B>rth•• "'~ol" th>t th. mar!< of th. otopi.n i. th" quolidi>n." So,h m .rgum.nt would .tr",. llut th. otopi>n
iJI.n impu¡,.llut "'...« in .wryda)' Jif., lhi. impul.. i. to be g1iml".d
•• som"thing llut iJI ••t.. to th. ""')"l>y lran..etion of h.t.rono'm>ti,..
upil.:li.m, lbiJI quotidim .nmpl. of th. utopi.n ,.., be glim¡=d in otopi.n oond<, .ffili>tions, d"'ign., ..,d se"u.... th.t ..i,l ....ithin lh. p....nt

.rgo.

""ree!

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 35.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=35
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

momen!. Turning to th. N"", York s.chool of poelry•• momenllh.t i. one
of the cu1luril touch>lon•• fur my re...reh, w. can consider. poem by
J.m.. s.chuyler th.1 '1"'.1. uf. hopo and d•• ir. th.t i. de.rly utopian,
The poem. lilo mo.1 of s.chuylor'. bod)' uf ""orl<. i. d.. rly foot.d in ;m
obsorvation of lhe .tf.cti,,,, re.lm of th. preo.nt. Ye! th.re i<.n <xc... th.>.t
the poel.l.., conYeys,' typ. of .tf.cti,,,, e:rre.. lh.t pre>ent> th. en;¡bling
fore. of. for""ud-d.""uing futurity lh.. ¡" qu... m .... In th. po<m "A pho·
toguph: publi,hNl in 1974 in th. coll«tion Hy"'" lo LiJ<•• piclure th.t
f<>id", on th. """Uf" d.,k .p;uh • recoll«lion of domeotic bli".
.-1. plwt"lf",ph
;n • london

Show>

)'OU

room;

book~. p'inh"ll'

.milo, ••ilky
'oo•••u". And moto.

)'OU'

1,1001<> '" bko )'OU
.nJ J ... " '''''7 d.y
(h.to.on rny ....k)
whi,h [<!on·')'OU. t...t
FhJ..¡-w"V· nd
Wo won' ou'. wo ,amo
bork. wo w.o' ",;Id. y""

dop'. M. ''''' n.o pup
woko )'OU .nd )'OU d"'.....
• nJ w"k.d b;rn. Whon
)'OU 10ft. t w.. ~"'I""S­
Whon t woko rh.", w.,
jwt timo 'o m.oketh.
".rn ro • rouo''7 din""
.nJ ,"k.bour. 0<>'''7.
Wltich t ,hink <o".., in
'wo ""',, ,,,-,, wlticb "'"
Know "Now I .un
.
Loko my " ..nS'
""
1.., FnJ.y n;y". AOO
.nooho, k;oJ, ,,,-,, Y""
know 0"", in ... ""'p<-ct.
·Why, ,,,-,, joy llok
.00 dOdo', ,b;ok

.00",

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 36.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=36
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

"

Qworno>... _ -

.......n h.. r.., ...... ;o
my I.p. <>< lo'hon IIooI<oJ
down .00 "lo' h.. wo'y
'y'"

_

.ho'.

tb.o, too w ..
..y. No< ."h.",

oK....,.ly • downo, [rom
il,- Do Il>ol;"., ..
th. p"fo""bih'y of
""O' S"ong.ly ,""uy>.
(l·... known on·

h.f'P............ gl» 1
do. 1 m.", "
1 ... .uiy 00 l>oh....
futo ... ~.o".tiom c.n
li... w;,hout th. ;0_

"n.b of .""......
f.., ... know l>o'
n <H"
hou" .nd "roll. of
_ ..y. Tho "ru<k NlI
hoJ,,¡" f'OC1<ot, y".,

.m'tondo...
" w"" [Y"'"
b.Kk
b.o,'.
io

known K<h'y ond u1m,
h....', you too'

Let.

"Y

lo und."uoJ. rny
hondwm. &i.nd lo'ho

.....' " h ••

o"'. """')'-"

lb. 'P".kor ..membo.. [h. grmdn... of an "mp<etKob. Frid.y in which
h••nd hi••dd....... slepl in ",d ,h.n .rrambled lo "tch. train to. dinn" oot in th. coontI)'. H••tt.mpt< to ..pLoin th. <e>b<y h. f.lt th.u night,
indie>ting th.1 on. momen' o[ «.t..y•• momenl h. id.ntm.... brin¡;
nurl<od oolh by ",lf·conKiou>ll.e.. and obU,ioum.... PO"'"'''' • I"'t.nti.lly 'r>n.fornutive chargo. He lhen con.id....noth" moment o[ 'e>!"Y
in ..tr",p'ct•• loc>king bKk.t. no-longor·conscioo. th.., provid...n .[fe<:ti..e .ncia,.. in lhe pr...nt th..t ""... olf,h. "'"'" of"b.d r..lin¡;o th.ot
nurk th••If.cti,.. d¡'juncluro of boing qoee. in ",.ighl 'im•.
lb. mom.n' in
I""m o[ d«p<' inlro'l""'tion_beginning "Do [
boli.... in / Ih. perfe<:tibili,y of /11>.. 1"_;'.n • .,mpl. of. otopian d..i...

,h.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 37.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=37
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Cruising Utopia : The Then and Ther…

iospired by qu••, relalionility. Momeo!> of quee, ,e!.tio",,1 bli.., wn.t th.
poet n"",•• a••cst..i... are ,;ewed .. h>viog !he .bility to re,,~it•• !.rg.,
nup of everyJ.y lile. IVh.n ·future g.n....lion" are invoked, tb< poel i•
•ign.;oling a qu••me.. to com.,' w.y ufb<iog io th.""rld tn.t iJI g1iml"'d
through r.veri•• io • quotidi.o life th.t duU.ng•• lhe domin.lnce of m ¡{f.<:tive wo,ld, a p"e>eot, full of MUÍoy.n....nd fu,. The", future geo...tioos .re, lix.!he "",," invoked io th. mmif••lo by th. Third World G.)·
R.evclulion group, oot .n id.ntihrim formublion bul, insr••d, th. invocatioo of. future roU.cti'·it)·,. queem... tlut regi,t." .. tb< ilIuminalinn
of a horiron of ..i,t.nce.
Th. po<m .pe.ks of multipl. tempo...lili•• ""d th• .tfertiv. modo
known ...rsr..y, whieh re.onal...loogoo. th. wo,. ofMmio H.idegger.
Jo &inK and Tim, Heid.gg.' r.Il«l> on th••ctiviry uf tim.lin
md it.
,eblion to ,litat"," (.rsr..y l, .ign.;oling fo, H.id.gger th
htie unit)·
of t.mpor:¡Jity_p..t, I're>eot, ""d Future." Th. er.t..y the .pe••e, fe.;"
md rememb." in·A photoguph" iJI not eonsign.d lo on. mom.nt. lt
.t.p. out frem the p..l .nd rem;orks on the unity of .n ..pm.iv• .-..sinn
of tempor>liry; h.or., futu,e g.o...lion.... iovox.d. T o know .cst")"
io th. way in whirh the poem'. "",.x., d"". i. to hav•• ",me of liroelin..... molion, to uodentmd • lempo'.! unity thal iJI import>nt to wh.t [
arr.mpt to d.scribe .. th. time of qu••m .... Queem..... time i•••t.ppiog out of th. lin.arity of >I ... ight time. Straight time iJla ",lf-natu...Ii,iog t.mporility. St'aight tim.'. ·p'...nto.... n.ed. to l.. ph.nom.nologicilly qu.srion.d, md thi. i. th. fuod.meohl valu. of. qu.er utopi.>n
h.rm.n.uties. Qu•• m ••" «.latir .nd hurizo""l t.mporility i•• p.th
md a movem.nt to • groal., op.no... to tb< world.
Jt ""u1d l.. diffirull to mi.lak. Schuyl.,. po<m fo, ooe uf F...nk
O'H",,'" upl..at re,..ri••. OH..... optimi,m i•• eont.gioWl happioe..
withio th. quolidi.>n tlut [""u1d il", d.scribe •• n.viog. utori"" quility. Srhuyl.,. po<try iJI oot '" murh .buut oplimi.m but inst.ad .boul.
hope tn.t i. di,tiortiy utopi.n .od di,tinetly qu••,. lh. po<m imagio••
moth., rollective belooging, ;m eorl>V. in the futuro ",h.re r..d." will
not b. be",t with feelings of oervou.n... and fe.,. lh... f..lings .re th.
alferlive re.ult. of l..ing oubid. uf .t"ight tim•. H. wrile. f,om a d.pre..i,.. f'O'ition, "{r,.., knowo uo-I n.ppio....nough}; bul re"h•• beyond
th••lf.ctiv. forre-fi.ld uf!he pre.. ol.
Hop< fo, Blorh i. m ....otial en...ct.ri.lir uf oot ooly lh. ulopim but
al.o th. hunuo rondition. lhu., Ililk .buul th. hunun .. a rel.lti,..ly >1.bl. calegory. But qu••mes;¡ in ils ulopim ronnolation. p,omi"'•• hunun

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 38.
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Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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"

Qworno>... _ -

th.1 i. nol )"t he"" thu. di.rupling ;my o..ified und.nt.nding of!he hunun. The point ;, to .1... off. 8"y and I..bian antiutopiani.m th.>.1 i. ''''Y
much taint.d ",¡Ih. pol.mic. of tl>o pr>gnutic righu di>eoune th;¡t in .nd
ofiu.lfh;¡rmtrinS' not on!y politic. but il", d""",. Qu.. rne.. >JI utop;,n
fomution i•• funn;¡tion b.",d on .n oconomy of d••i...nd d••iring, Thi.
d••i,e i. ilw>J" direct.d.t th>t Ihing th>t i. not yrt h."" ob¡.a••nd momenu th;¡t hum ",¡Ih .nticil"'tion IDd promi••, The d••i.. th>t prop<1s
Sebuylor'. "A photogr>ph' i. born ofth. no-longer-con>eioWl, tb. ,ich "'.onanco of ",m.mbnmco, di.tinct pl...u",. f.1t in !he 1'..1. And tbu. past
pl...ur<s .I.v< off th. >lfoctiv< p<,il, of th. p..«nt ..hil. tb.)· e."bl••
d..,i,e Ih.>.t i. quoer futurity'. cor•.
Qu..rn... i. ulopi.n, .nd th.", i••omrthing qu....oout th. utop;'n.
F,edric J.m<>on d.>crib<d the ut<>pian >JI the oddball or !he mIDi.c." Indoed, lo live inride .lraight timo and >JIk fo" d",i , .nd im.gin. ;molhe,
timo .nd 1'1>« i. lo "'p",,,,nt >nd p<rtorm • deri Ih.>.t i. ooth utop;,n
and qu«r. To p>rticip.le in .ucb .n .nd<>vo, i. nol to inugine.n i",lat.d
futu.. for the individu.1 but in,le>d to p>rticip.le in • h.rm.n.utic th;¡t
",¡oh.. to d..crib< • collective futurU)', • notion of futurity th.1 funaion•
... hi.torieil nut..i.list critiqu., In tb. t"'" le>tu;¡1 .nmpl•• [h.>.ve emplo)-.d "''' ....n overt ulop;,ni>m th.t i. nplicit in the lhinl World G>y
Rovo1ution manif",lo, .nd wh.t I .m identifying ... ""'P;U" ;mpul« i.
p<rcrivahle in Sehu)1ei. po<try. On. ""Iui.... ulop;,n h.rmen.ulic to
... ;m aI,eady op<...li.. p'incipl. ofhop. th>t hum. in th. po<t'. ",o,k.
Th. otn., t.n,lh. manif..to, d".••nothor typ. of p<rfornutive "",rl<; it
do<> ulopi.,
To "...d" !he p<rto,m;¡ti''', .Iong lhe lin.., of toought first in.ugurat.d
by J. L. Au,tin, i. implicitly lo criliqu. th••pi...mologicil," Períorm.ti,·ity .nd ulopi> ooth c.1l inlo qu"'tion wh.>.t i. opi..emologkilly !he", .nd
.ign;ol • highly .ph.moril onlo1ogical fidd th.>.1 c>n b< ch....clerized >JI •
doi"K In f"lurity. ThWl,. manif",lo i•• c.1l to. doing in .nd fu, th. futu",. Th. utopian impul.. to be g1..n.d from th. po<m i•• c.1l for "doinS" th.>.1 i> • becoming: !he becoming of >nd for "futu,e gene ...tion.,"
Thi....¡.aion of tl>o h.", .nd no"" th. ontologkilly ...Iic, i. ind«d, by
th. me ", of homonornutive code~ • mani.c.1 .nd oddb.U en<!o.vor.
Th. qu
utopi;m proj<a >dd",.S<d 1>0", turno lo the fringe of politicil
and cultural production to off... the tyr>nn)' of th. homonornuth". lt i.
d'>VIn to t..le>, id.ologi••, .nd .",lhetic:> th;¡t c;m only ...m odd, >tranS"
o, ind..d qu... n.xt to th. muled .lrivinS ofth. p ...ctic.l;md norm.kyd.'i'ing homo""uil.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 39.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=39
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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lbe '010 '0 the call of 'he no-longeJ'-CoMCioWl i. nol • lUlO 'o norm;¡ti", hi.'oneal :m>1)"i., lndee<! il ;, impornnt 'o complie.te qo"", hi.tory .nd unde"lmd it >JI doing more th.m the fl>we<! proc... of merely
evidencing. hidencing prolocol. often bil 'o en.ct re.1 henneneotic.1
ioqoiry md in.t..d opt lo reinot.te ,h.t which ¡, lnown io ..J'-IDe<. lbuo,
pr>ctic.. of lno"iedg< production th.l.re conten' merely 'o 001 ",le<ti",ly from the p..I, ",hile .tfiking • re"" of po>i'i'-¡" undernking o, empifie.1 lnowledge felriev.l, often nullify ,he poli'ie.1 im.lgin>tion, J;uneoon'. M<nim dicute '.lw>ys hi.to,ici",,'" ¡, nol. methodologk.l coll fo,
empine>! d... collo<:tion. ln.le><!, i' ¡, • di.lo<:tical iniunction, .ugg..tin¡;
" .. mim.l'o OUf criticol f.colti.. by bringing the p..t to;">e on the pre.ont IDd the future, Utopi.;¡n hermeneutie. o!fer o•• ,ennod leno lo vie",
qoeemo.., in",f>e •• qu«rne.., if il i. indee<! nol quile here, ¡, nonothele.. inte"",ly rebtional wilh ,he p.. t.
lbe pre..n' i. not onough. lt i, impo""iohod .nd ,oxk fo, qu""n .nd
otho, people who do not f.ol the privilego of m.¡Oriurim belonging, no,m.ltive I..to., and "..tional' oxpeel.;¡'ions. (I.dd,e.. the que.tion of ..tion.liun ohortly). Lot 100;" el.. r th.1 ,he ide. i. not simply lo lum """y
from tho p,...nt. One ",nnot .!fofd .uch • mmeu"", and if ono thin"
ono can, one ¡". resi.le<! lhe pre..nl in f>VOf offolly. lbe pre.onl muot h<
known in rel.tion to the a1'ern;¡'i,.. tompo..1.nd .p.li.1 10.1" provided
by. p<r<option of p..t md futuro .tfective worlds.
U'oPW> thinking g<to m.lligne<! fef bein¡; n>il'e1y rom.lntie. üf cour..,
much of il h.. be.n n.li,... \\'0 lnow ,h.t .n)- hiotory of .ctoalizecl ulopi.n
communiti.. ",ould h< replele with f>ilure., No one, otho, ,hm perh.P'
M= him..lf, hu been more cogniunt .heut thi, f.ct th.n Bloch. Bo' it
i, through thi, I\l>.. ion tf..Ji'ion, not ;,..ide o, 'g>imt ~,th.1 ,ho problelO of ,ho pre..nt i, .ddre...d. In Ihe following quol.;¡'ion " .. h<gin to
glimp.. the impo,tanee of the I\l>.. i.;¡n tf..J~ion fo, ,ho hore .nd no",.
M,o.-.;vn,.bov< .. ~ w., ft"t to b<"'~. mor"", oHnowlodso "'to th.

,t.., ....

world
"t;,,)ly ",fo" 'o !locom.""... bot 'o th. tondoney <>f
wt.., ., com'"~ "p; ,hu, fOl th. 6,..
brin!!, fu,u", "'to o." con_
cop'u" .,d tMoro"C" gr"p. s"ch ""'~Otion of "'o<lon,y " ooc.._
",., lo ",mombo" .nJ 'o opo" up ,"" No_lonso'_Cno"',ou~~

,Un. "

lbu. we ... Bloch', model fo, .ppro.ching the p"", lbe ide. ¡, no' to .ttompt merely 'o repre.. nl i' with .impli.tic ..rous. More ne"¡y, il i. imponml 'o ",11 on the p••I, to aninuto it, under..mdin¡; th., tho p..1 h...

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 40.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=40
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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,. Qworno>'''_perfonn>ti'" n.lu"" which i. to ..y llut atl>.r tlun being n.lic ;ond liud,
th. ¡=t doo. thin!\,- It i. in tlU. very w»' llut th. prn i. perfornutive. FoIlo"'ing • Blochi;on thre>d, it .eemJI impo'hnllo put th. p..l into pl.y"'ith
th. pr.,.nt, c.JUnS into vi.", the ..utologic.J natu,. of th. p",,,,nl. lh.
p",••nt, which i••lmO'lt ..duoively con«ived lhrough th. p=mete", uf
n,.Jghl tim., i. . . .If-n.luulizins ende>vor. OpeninS up' quee, ¡=t i •
• n.bled by "bni.n ideologie.J bctia. B10ch ..pl>inJI tlut
Mo,.""m th", ,....,..¡ ,he , ......... co.. of "top" .,d mM.;t con,,,,,"
., "",11., th. ,c'" <>f ,h...m ;.iNI;,,", ,"ndeney <>f di....... ~ Ro..... n_

tk;"" <loo, no< "nJ.""OO "'OP;., . - ... n ;" own, bn' ntop.. ,h.,
b.. boccm. 'cne
nnJ.,,"nJ, Ro"",,''';,m .nJ m.ok.. m",..lo
into ;t, m '" fu
rrh.;", "'"'t.n.o! in ;t> .rrbotl'J"" onJ """x. con";n
• . - yo! voKoJ. unJ",h.'l!oJ .tem.n'"
Bloch invit•• u. to loc>k to thi. no-longer-con«:io.... p..l t1ut i••kin to
",lul De,rid. d.mibed .. the tr>«, lh••• eph.mer>ll=... flkkering i1lumin.lion. from uth.. tim•• md pl>c"" .,e Oteo tlul nuy ind..d 'PP''''
me",1y rom;onlk, ....n to th'mJI.I,.... Nonethele.. th.y ,.,;.t thu", of WI
",hu wiro to fullow qoeern••'" promi.., it••till unr..liud pot.nti>!, to
... oom.thing .1..,. compon.nt t1ut lhe G.rm;on .eoth.tid;1O wou1d eall
cultura! S"'Pi"" I build on thÍJI id•• to .u¡;¡;eol tlut th. "''Plu. i. huth rultu,>! md affnlil'<. Mo", dinioetiy, 1 poinllo • qu
feelíns of hope in
th. f... of hopel... h.t..onornuti,.. m.!" of th. p, nt whe", futurit)'
ÍJI iodeed the provin« of oorm.tiv. rep",duction, lhi. hope tili. on tI>.
phil""'phic.1 contou" of id••U.m.
A qu... ulopim h..m.o.utic ..-uuld thu. be qu... io it> >1m to Iook fo,
queerrel>tion>l furm>tionJI ",ithio lhe >oc;,!. tI ÍJI.loo .huul thÍJI t.mpo,:d
project th.. I .lign wilh qu..rn..... wotl< ro.ped by it. id••IÍJlt t ....¡.etory,
iod..d it i. lhe ",otl< of out ",mioS fo, lhe p",,,,nt, uf .. kioS ;ond Ioc>king
l>eyond lhe he,. .od 00"'. Sueh • h.rm.neulic wou1d lhen b< 'r~l""oLJxi­
",lIy anJ ontolop'aliy "u",b/, in th.t il would not d';m th••pi.t.mological eonitud. of. queern... th.t "'...imply "1m"",," bul, inn..d, .l....io to
..tiv.t. th. no-loos..-conociou. ;ond lo ..t.nd • gime< 1o",:mJ th.. ",hich
ÍJI fo,w:mJ-d.wning, .otidl"'tory ilIumin.lion. of lhe nol-yet-con.do",.
lh. purpo'" of .ueh lempo....1 mmeo",,,, ÍJI to ",yeot 00""1,,,. from th.
p",••nt '• •lultifyioS hold, to Imm< om qu..me..... belonginS in puticul>'ity t1ut i. nol dkt.t.d o, o,smized .rouod th••piril of politie.J imp.... th.. elur..t.ril<' th. p,...nt.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 41.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=41
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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J.m.""n h>. ruw..ed lh.1 for Bloch lh. pre>ent is provind.!," lbi•
•p.tWi"'tioo of time m..... ..,n.., in "btion 'o lh. history of utopi>n
lhou¡;hl, mo" bmoudy deocribed •• :rn iiliod by lbonuJI More. To nurl<
lbe p",..ol .. proviod.l is nol 'o ridieul. or d.me.n Ih. 'pol. 00 qu••rn..... m.p th>, do no' .ignify •• m.lropoli':rn, lbe here .od 00"'" h.. .n
opporit. nnrnber, :rnd th>l ","ould be Ih.lh.o .od lhere. 1h>ve .rgoed th>l
lh. l/un ,h.t dimlpl. lh. lynmny of lh. ""'" i. ho,h p»l md futu"" A10ng
lhos.lin••, ,he h... ,h.t i. uon;¡med yel.I",..Y' implidt in lbe metropolil.n hub require. the eh.ll.ng. of. there th>, e.o be r<gion;¡l oc glob..L lb.
lrrnsregion.l or lh. gloo.1 .. mod•• of 'l"'1i>1 org.ruwioo pol.n'i>11y di.pl>ce lh. hegemony of m unrwned h.", Ih>l is .Jw'Y' domin;¡l.d by th•
•h.do"," of lh. n;¡lion-.l.'e md it. mubbl••nd mul'ip!e coepo...le in'.r..... \Vhile gJob"~·Ultio" i•• l.rm th>l mo.tly d.fines. ","ocluwide ')"'em
of m:rnuf>etureu .')mmetry .nd ...",oou...p1oi..tion, i' .1", .i8""l, lh•
• ne.....ehiog of lbe Ihe", on th. here in w"J" ,h.t .re worth conJIideriog,
lb. lbird Worlu G"J' Revolutioo group "'....n org:mi"'tioo th., g"''''"
ou' of ,h. I...ger G"J' Ube...lioo Fron,.t rou¡;hly th...m. time th>l lh.
R>dic.lesbi"", .1.0 'poo off from the I.lrger group in lh••pring/.nrnmer
of 1970, A1tbough lbey loo!< ,he n;un. lbird World G.y R.volutioo, th.
group', m.mbe" h>", been deocribed b)·. rec.nl hi.. orim .. propl. of
color." lb.ir own uuge of lhe t.rm "Third Worlu" e!e>rlr eonno'•• their
deep ideolili«tioo with lhe glob;d pheoom.non Ih>l w.. dec010niwion.
lt i. lh.",fo", impe...li'''' to r.m.mber lhis momeol from ,he no-IongereooocioWl th>l lranoc.nded • g:oy :rnd I••bim .ctivi,t n.tioo>li.. im.gin.ry. For Heidegger "lime md 'p.c••re nol co-ordin.le. lime i. prior to
.p.c.,"" If 'im. i. prior 'o ,¡»ce, lhen "'.., cm vi."," ho,h lh. foree of lh.
no-looger-conocioo. md th. no!-yet-here .. po'eoli.Uy be.riog on th.
h"" of n.lu llzed 'p.c. :rnd time. lbu.,.t th. ceoler of eollur.! t..l••ueh
•• th. ln.lI\if o "A11 Togother Now (A Bloepriol for lh. Movem.ot)" "'..,
find:rn ideologie.l documen',:rnd it5 e),im lo ,he p...gm.l'ie i. lh. pro<!oel of. ohort-<igh'ed h.", ,h.t b.ilJl 'o iodud. :rnything bul ID eotitl.d
md privileged worlu. lb. ,he", of qu••r utopi> «ooot .imply be lh.1 of
lh. f.ltering yet .liU influeoti.l n.lion-,"Ie.
lbi. i. lh.n lo ..y th>, lh. di<tinelion. be'","eeo here :rnd lbere, IDd lh.
worlu ,h.t lbe her. :rnd o"",' or¡;;mile', .r. no! fized_they >re .Ir..d)'beeomiog uodoo. io ",1.lion lo • fo""..rd-d.wning fo'ority. lt i. imporbnl
lo ond.rn..nd th>, • eritiqu. of our homo...u.1 preo.nt i. nol .n ....ek
on wh>, mm)' per>pl. routin.I)' rwne .. le.bi>o or !\'J" bul, inJIl.>d, .0 .pP'';,,) ofho"," qoeern... is .till forming, or in mmy cruel.1 w"J" forml....

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 42.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=42
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted
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JO

Qworno>... _ _

Que.mes," form is olopim. Ul'im.tely, w< mo.l insis! on • qo... , fo'ority
bee.o.. ,h. p,esenl i. so poironoo. ""d i"",l",nL A re><>orc. llul c>nno<
be diocoont.d 'o 1m""" lhe folore i. indee<! the no-longer-conscioo., tlu,
lhing oc pL.ce th., m.y be ntingoiu.ed bol not )-er disclurged in il> 010pun po'.nli>!ity.
Bloch .xpl>in. ,h. K.nlun ",,'ore ofhis projeel .. lhe "..ving" of. "<>lio""H.l core: lt is ....onh rem.uling llul K."ú r>tio""li.m is nol merel)'
h.ld op in ,hi. insr."ce; ind...d rah""o/",. it"lf" rrju"<lio"<d. No longe'
i. nlliorWi.m lh. rulee o>ecl by oni........li.m to m...ore lime ."d '1"'«'
Jn Bloch'.....ock nllion.li"" i. lranoformed vi> • poHlicil orgency. R;olio""H"" i. no' di.mi...d bo' i. insr..d onyoted from. poIilic. of lbe
pnlgm>lic. H.rberl "tuco", di.ruued ,h. "irr.tion.J .lem.nl in ",'ioILlIity' >JI ID impoclm' compon.nl of indu,tri>! >ociety'. ILl'ore. Jrr>'ioILlIitr rloori.hn in "<st.bli.hed insritotioos"_mOllTi.ge is perh.>.ps one of lh.
very b..l 'Llmpl•• of.n instilolion llul Iwnpen ",lioILlI >d,'.ncem.nl
md the nO'-yel-im;¡gined versions of freedom ,h.t he'eronorm.ti....nd
homonocm;¡ti", cuI'ore proscribe." In ¡,.tucu",'. m.Jysi. lhe >dv."cemenl> in <>tion>li'y m>de by technologic>! innov>'ions ....ere coon'enlcted
by g>y pr>gnutie poIitic>! sr<>legie. llul 'e1l os no' to dre;un of olhe,
"",ti.l/l.mpor.l COOrdiILl''''' bo' insr..d 'o d",,,1l in. broten-do",,, pre..n!. Thi. homo"'nloll pnlgm;¡'ism t.... on lb< pnlctic.1 eontoon of lhe
homonorm;¡livily so powerfolly described by Lis> D0W" in he, l,«'i.e
on neolibe,>!isrn, JIu: T~'¡light oj E<¡uality1" Wilhin the h.,meneolic.1
ocope of. qo"", o'opi'" inqoiry nltion.Ji.m i. ,eignit.d with m .ffecti,,,
"",Ji< ofid«list 'hough'.
Abstnlct o'ori...re indee<! de.d .nd., loo o~en vecloring inlo lhe ••c.pi.l di..vow.l of 00' corr.n' momenl. Bo' • 'om lo wlul Bloch call.
lh. no-longeNonocioo. i••n ....nli>! roole fo, ,h. pO'J'O'" of UTiving
.1 the nol-yet-here. Thi. mmeu",r, • 'om lo tbe I""t foc lhe p0'P"'"
of crili<¡oing lh. pre.. nl, i. propelled by. de,;re foc futority. Queer folo,ily doe. nol onderpl.y de.ire. In f.¡et il is .U .OOot de.ire, derire fo,
OO,h L.rge, serni.b.lnletion••oeh ... better world o, freedom bol .1.0,
more immedi.tely, hen., rel.ltion. wilhin lhe >ocia! lh.l indod. bene,
.ex md more pl......'e. Sorne lheorim of posrmodernity, ...ch •• D... id
H..-vey, h... nUT.t.d ..x nldie.li.m >JI • lorning .W»' from • polilic. of
lh. co1lectivi')' l"",ud lh. indi,idoali.lic md lh. peny." Jn hi. A Bn4
Hi,t0'Y oj N,ol¡btr"I~", H..-vey plots ....h.l he vie_ •• lhe condition of
neolib.r'¡¡.m. Jn his .ccoon', "lh. nud.,;.lic ,xplonltion of ",If, ><%o>!itr."d id.nlity bec.me lhe I.itrno<if of OOorgeoi. o,lun cuI'ore: In ,hi.

Muñoz, Jos? Esteban. Cruising Utopia : The Then and There of Queer Futurity.
New York, NY, USA: NYU Press, 2009. p 43.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/unalbog/Doc?id=10425196&ppg=43
Copyright © 2009. NYU Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without perm