Main Soccer Step-By-Step

Soccer Step-By-Step

0 / 0
How much do you like this book?
What’s the quality of the file?
Download the book for quality assessment
What’s the quality of the downloaded files?
The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:
Skills in Motion
PDF, 6.01 MB
Download (pdf, 6.01 MB)

You may be interested in Powered by Rec2Me


Most frequently terms


To post a review, please sign in or sign up
You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.

Fitness for Young People Step-By-Step

PDF, 11.35 MB
0 / 0
New York

This edition published in 2010 by:
The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc.
29 East 21st Street
New York, NY 10010
Additional end matter copyright © 2010 by The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form without
permission in writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication
Jennings, Madeleine.
Soccer step-by-step / Madeleine Jennings and Ian Howe.
p. cm.—(Skills in motion)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN-13: 978-1-4358-3362-3 (library binding)
1. Soccer—Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Howe, Ian, 1962– II.Title.
GV943.J393 2009
Manufactured in the United States of America
All other content copyright © 2009 Axis Publishing Limited, London









getting past opponents




heading the ball


running with the ball




for more information
for further reading


SOCCER is one of the most popular team sports in the world.The spread

failed to show the key point of every movement. By studying the sequence

of both the men’s and women’s game has been helped hugely by the

of photographs in this book and copying the body shapes and foot

amount of media coverage given to the sport, with professional games

movements, you can easily enhance your skills and develop new ones.

from all over the world transmitted to all households with a television.
Every soccer skill seen on our televisions started somewhere: a
practice field, playground, local park, or even a clumsy first attempt in
the backyard. People play sports for a variety of reasons, ranging from
fun, competition, a way of keeping fit, or purely as a social activity
where they can meet new friends. All sports provide enjoyment,
fitness, and the learning of new skills, which, in most cases, are
different from the skills used in everyday life.
Whatever the individual reason for taking up soccer, ; there is
always room for improvement. Professional and amateur players
are constantly striving to enhance their abilities on the field, and
this requires a well-balanced training program. For years,
ordinary coaching manuals using ordinary photographs

WARMING UP Always warm up before a training

session to get the blood pumping throughout your
body and to help prevent injuries.Try lifting one leg at
a time and lightly touching the top of a stationery ball
with the soles of your shoes (left) or keeping on your
toes while passing the ball between your feet (far left).

introduction | 5

what is a skill?

how to receive the ball at any height or angle, bring it under control, and

By definition, a soccer skill is a series of interlinked moves that requires

progress play, just as strikers need to learn defensive moves. So, aim to

special ability or expertise. It also requires special training. There is a

make learning new skills an enjoyable part of training sessions.

beginning, middle, and end to each skill, and these can be practiced
individually, then put together and practiced in their entirety.
Learning skills should be fun, so do not work on one
exercise for more than 15 minutes at a time. Always move onto
a new activity before you tire of the old one. An entire
skills training session should not exceed 1 hour for
players under 13 years of age.
This book concentrates on the following basic skills:

As the game becomes more competitive, technical, and
physical, all players—regardless of their position on the field
—require a broader range of skills. Defenders need to learn

putting skills into practice
Once you have become familiar and competent with each of the different
soccer skills, you need to learn when to use them. Do not use a
complicated skill when there is a simpler alternative.
Before you even come into contact with the ball, you need to ask
yourself questions: Am I in danger of losing the ball? Do I need to use a
defensive skill? Are there teammates nearby? Can I pass the ball? Is the
path clear to run with the ball? Can I aim for the goal? Deciding what skill
to use when is what makes a good player.

practice makes perfect
With quality practice sessions, you should see improvements in your skills
within a six-month period. Monitor your skills and fitness level on a simple
chart (see opposite). For instance, if you are practicing turns, time
yourself for one minute over 5 yards (4.5 meters) to see how many
you can make. Record the result and check in a week’s
time over the same distance for the same amount of time.
If you do just one more, you know you are improving.
START OFF SLOW Always start each section of a training

skill at a walking pace. Pay specific attention to your body
shape and the part of the foot (contact surface) you need to
use to play the ball. As you become more confident and
comfortable with the moves, you can pick up the pace.

introduction | 7






turn between two cones
5 yd (4.5 m) apart

1 minute



working with a friend passing
through cones 10 yd (9 m) apart

1 minute

















If you are not improving at a particular skill, don’t worry. Just go back over

clothing (see pp. 8–9).You should not practice if conditions are wet, or if

it section by section, trying to identify the parts of the skill that you need

you are not feeling well or are tired or injured. Always wait until you have

to improve on, and work on those again. Remember always to set yourself

fully recovered; otherwise, you may cause a long-term repetitive injury.

achievable targets—it goes hand in hand with skills improvements.

ball trajectories
play safe

Experiment with the ball and you will find that you can create different

Overtraining is just as bad as not training enough. Many young soccer

movements by striking the ball at different angles with different parts of

players suffer burnout by playing in too many games, accompanied by

the foot. For example, striking the right side of the ball with the inside of

excessive training over a short period. You should always rest between

your right foot will bend the ball left. Striking the left side of the ball with

games and training sessions to achieve your maximum level of performance.

the outside of your right foot will bend the ball right. And striking the ball

Other things to bear in mind include wearing the appropriate protective

underneath will send it spiraling up.



Wearing the appropriate training shoes is very important when practicing

good tread. If it has been raining, the surface may be slippery, so always

soccer skills. Different surfaces and weather conditions call for different

check before you start to practice or play a game. Do not practice if

kinds of footwear. Choosing the right one will help you maximize your

puddles are still visible on concrete surfaces.

Wear sneakers that have a flat surface and

skills and avoid any injuries.

Choose soccer footwear for comfort
and safety, not for color or any other
style aspect. Make sure you wear the
correct size—wearing ones that don’t
fit can cause long-term injuries.

A basic pair of sneakers
with flat surfaces and a
good tread should be
worn on concrete and
indoor surfaces.

Wear soccer cleats with changeable

cleats. Keep an eye out for uneven wear of cleats and immediately replace
any that become sharp on an edge. A new blade system of shoes can also
be worn on soft ground. Always keep footwear clean in between games
because sloppiness can reflect on your performance.

AstroTurf cleats are
good to wear when
playing on hard ground.

introduction | 9


In the summer when playing fields become

For obvious safety reasons, never use sharp or

hard, wear sturdy cleats.

fragile objects as markers.

the ball

goalkeeper’s outfit

Always make sure the ball you choose is not too big or heavy for

In addition to shin pads, goalkeepers also have

the players. Below is a recommended guideline.

the option of wearing shirts and shorts with
built-in padding. This helps to soften the impact




when they dive toward a ball.
Goalkeeping gloves come in many
different varieties and vary hugely in price.
Choose a pair that fit well and tighten

shin pads

around the wrist, which prevents them

These should be worn during all games and practices whenever

from falling off. They should have good grip

there is contact between two players. It is illegal to play in games

on the palms where they come into

without shin pads, and players will be disqualified for failure to do

contact with the ball. Some gloves now

so. Some pads slip down behind the sock, but others with ankle

have reinforced fingers for added

protectors need to be put on before socks. Choose your pads

protection, but they are much

wisely for comfort and maximum protection.

more expensive than normal ones.

You can buy simple markers from sports retailers, but any
suitable object can be used to set up working grids for training.

Shin pads are an essential
part of your soccer

Always warm up your muscles with 10 minutes of stretching before a


Improves coordination and increases range of motion.

training session. Equally important is a cooling-down stretch session once


Prevents muscle strains (a strong, prestretched muscle resists stress
better than a strong, unstretched muscle) and repetitive injuries.

you have finished. Stretching has the following benefits. It:


Prepares the body for activity, signaling to your brain that your muscles


Helps to create body awareness.

are about to be used.


Promotes circulation.

Reduces muscle tension by making the body more relaxed.
Twisting from side to side
with your feet planted on
the ground will stretch your
hips and lower back.

Bending forward with your
weight on your front leg
will stretch your calf

Leaning forward to touch
your toes will stretch your
hamstring muscles.

Practice with a partner by standing
back to back and passing the ball. This
will stretch your hips.

introduction | 11

go with the flow
Flowmotion is a revolutionary photographic coaching system. In a series

improve and learn new skills in your own time. The captions along the

of detailed photographs, it shows every movement and body shape used

bottom of the images provide additional information to help you perform

in basic soccer skills and not just the selected highlights. This enables

the skills confidently. Below this, another layer of information includes basic

readers to teach themselves with far more accuracy, without the presence

instructions and symbols indicating when to move forward. On pages 78,

of a coach. Just by following the step-by-step Flowmotion pages, you can

79, 82, and 83, the blue marker represents the player’s opponent.

dive | 91

Sometimes you do not have time to get your whole body in front of the ball, so you will need to dive toward it.

Stand about 1 yard (0.9 m) in front
of the goal line with your weight
evenly distributed on both feet and
your hands by your waist.

Try to anticipate which way the
shot is going before you commit to
one side.

Once you have committed yourself
to a side, aim to get your hands on the
ball as soon as possible. Drive off the
opposite foot to your intended
direction and propel your whole body
across the goal.

drive off your foot

 Two vertical lines indicate a pause for
holding and checking your position in
preparation for your next move.

Keep your eyes on the ball all the
time you are reaching for the ball.
Your hands should remain in the basic
“W” shape throughout the dive.

Stretch your body as far as you can
to reach for the ball. Keep your eyes
open and fixed on the ball.

extend to your maximum

Aim to get both hands firmly on
the ball. Keep your head as upright as
possible; this will help to prevent you
from hitting your head on the ground.

Gather the ball into your body as
quickly as possible Remember to roll
forward onto the ball. Don’t lie
back—you could roll over your own
goal line by accident.

Use your whole body to protect
the ball from nearby opponents.
When you are firmly in possession,
get up and decide on your next play.

roll forward

protect the ball

 The triangle indicates
continued movement in
the sequence.


control and side foot pass
The aim of this maneuver is to
receive the ball from another
player, bring it under control,
then pass it on again. The
inside of your foot offers the
widest surface to make
contact with the ball, so pass
with this part because it will
give you more accuracy. Note
that this player is left-footed.

● Keep a close eye on the ball as it

● Start to swing your arms as you

● You may need to sidestep twice

comes toward you. Keep your arms

run to the right side of the ball. Then

before you are in the correct position.

out to your sides, away from your

sidestep to the left of it. Getting your

Stay on your toes all the while, which

body, for good balance.

body to the line of the ball is crucial.

will help you keep your balance.



control and side foot pass | 15

● Once you are in the right position,

● When you have got the ball under

● Use your arms to give your body

● Aim to pass the ball back in the

plant your leg firmly to a stop; then

control, step back with your left leg to

the momentum it needs to carry

direction it came from with your left

turn your left leg out so you stop the

get ready for the outward pass.

through with the pass.

foot. Practice this skill with both feet,

ball with your inside left foot.

so you can improve on your least
favorite foot.

make contact

follow through

control and outside foot pass
This is similar to the side foot
pass, but instead of using the
inside of your foot to pass the
ball, you need to use the
outside part of your foot.
When practicing with a
partner, try to keep the ball
low to make control easier.
● Face sideways as you start your run

● Your touch on the ball should place

● Put your right foot all the way

toward the oncoming ball. Just before

it in front of you. You will now be able

down; then take a step forward with

you reach it, sidestep to your left to

to step into the next part of the pass

your left foot.

get in line with the ball.

and the ball will not be stuck
underneath your feet.


make contact

control and outside foot pass | 17

● Aim to strike the ball with your

● As you lean forward, point your

● This type of pass should create

● Try to maintain your composure,

right foot, which means you need to

foot slightly to the left of the ball.

some spin on the ball, which will make

and keep your upper body loose and

bring your leg across your body.

Once you have struck the ball with

it curve from left to right.

relaxed as you follow through with

the outside of your foot, look up

the kick.

toward your target.


follow through

control and change feet
To avoid an oncoming
defender, you need to be able
to change the direction of the
ball’s play. To do this, practice
receiving the ball with one
foot, then passing it on with
the other. Changing feet
becomes very important once
you start dribbling the ball.

● Try to get up on your toes as you

● Once the ball is in easy reach, plant

● Bring the ball under control; then

step up to the oncoming ball. Don’t

your right foot down and stretch out

take your left leg forward, placing the

take your eye off the ball. As the ball

with your left leg. Turn your left toes

foot down slightly across your body.

approaches, decide which foot you

out to catch the ball on the inside of

want to control it with to take it in

your left foot.

the direction you want.

receive the ball

control and change feet | 19

● To change direction, turn your

● Pick up your right leg and turn the

● Look toward your pass and then

● Don’t forget to use your upper

shoulders to the right. Keep your eye

toes out so you can kick the ball with

back to the ball as you move to kick it.

body as you follow through with the

on the ball as you do so.

the inside of your right foot.

Strike the ball with the side of your

kick as smoothly as possible.

foot for accuracy.

change direction

follow through

lofted pass
Getting height on a stationary
ball is useful when you need
to pass it into attacking areas,
with the aim of scoring a
header into the goal. It’s
also good for long-distance

● When striking a dead (motionless)

● Gauge the distance between

● Once you are close enough, look

ball, look at your intended target; then

yourself and the ball as you run

back down as you address the ball.

begin to approach the ball.

toward it. Swing your arms to give you

Aim to get your non-kicking foot

some momentum and balance.

beside the ball.

look at target

approach target

lofted pass | 21

● As you approach the ball, take your

● Keep your eye on the ball as you

● Lean back with your upper body to

● Follow through by bending your left

right leg back and prepare to make

use the instep of your right foot to

give your kick more power and the

knee as you raise your right foot and

the loft kick. Begin to lean back.

strike the underside of the ball.

ball more loft. Lift your arms up and

leg as high as possible. This will help

out to your sides to help with balance.

give the ball height.

kick the ball

follow through

distance throwing in
To achieve a long-distance
throw, hold the ball high above
your head, keeping your
elbows straight. This will allow
you to harness the power in
your shoulders and throw the
ball a greater distance. Try to
make the throw a continous,
smooth action. Keep your feet

● Use both hands to hold the ball

● Take a step forward toward the

● Take another step in with your right

firmly out in front of you. Look toward

throwing-in line with your left leg as

leg; then brace your arms and bring

your intended target.

you raise the ball above your head.

them as far back as possible behind

behind the line and both
hands on the ball.

your head to create a catapult effect.

 look at your target

approach the line

distance throwing in | 23

● When you bring your arms forward

● Use your back foot to give your

● Follow through by bending forward

● The strength and distance of the

again, the whole of the back and

throw added power. Release the ball

with your upper body and bringing

throw will be determined by the run

upper body should create an elastic

when it is at head height.

your arms down to your side. Make

up and the arch of your back. Keep

sure both feet are still behind the line.

both feet on the ground.

effect to power the ball as it uncoils
and straightens.

release the ball


chest control
To bring a high, incoming ball
under control, use your chest.
Rather than presenting a
completely rigid surface to the
ball, let your body give a bit as
the ball makes contact. This
way you’ll have greater control
over the ball when it drops
down to your feet.

● As you follow the incoming ball

● Lean back, keep your arms clear of

● Ease your chest back when the ball

with your eyes, keep your body alert

the ball, and stick out your chest in

makes contact. This will help to

by bending your knees and elbows.

preparation for the arrival of the ball.

cushion the ball and give you greater
control. The ball should drop to the
ground in front of you.

make contact

chest control | 27

● Bring your left foot forward for

● Keep your eyes on the ball as you

● Use the right side of your foot to

● Raise your right leg high, and lean

stability as you pick up your right foot

lean forward and bring your right leg

pass the ball on. This is the widest

back slightly to follow through with

in preparation for the kick.

back. Make sure your arms stay out to

surface you can hit the ball with, so it

the pass-through. Keep your rhythm

the side, as this will help with balance.

will make your pass more accurate.

smooth as you do so.

gain control


follow through

head control
Many beginners avoid heading the ball because they
are worried it will hurt. However, if you do the move
properly, using the correct part of your head, it won’t.
The key is to absorb the energy of the ball by easing
back a fraction when the ball makes contact. Then,
when the ball drops down to the ground, it won’t
bounce away. Only practice heading balls for short
periods of time.
● Once you have moved into

● As the ball comes toward you, lean

position to receive the ball, step back

back. Keep your eyes open and

onto your right foot. Keep your

focused on the ball.

elbows bent with your hands up by
your chest.

lean back

head control | 29

● Aim to make contact with your

● Direct the ball to your side by

● Use your right foot to get the ball

● Place your left foot alongside the

forehead. As the ball arrives, lean

moving your head down toward your

under control; then prepare to pass the

ball, pointing in the direction of the

farther back so your forehead absorbs

feet. Keep your eyes fixed on the ball.

ball with the inside of your right foot.

kick. Swing back your right leg so you

the energy of the ball through the

can bring the inside of your right foot

neck muscles.

in contact with the ball. Follow through

make contact

prepare to pass

with a smooth, flowing motion.

follow through

thigh control
The key to receiving the ball
on your thigh is to keep your
entire body supple and
relaxed. When the ball comes
into contact with your thigh,
draw the leg away slightly so
you soften its impact. Do not
make the mistake of hitting the
ball with your knee, as this will

● Stand with your feet hip width

● Keep your eye on the ball as you

● By the time the ball makes contact,

apart and knees slightly bent in

follow its path down toward you.

your thigh should be raised at a

readiness for the oncoming ball.

Begin to lift up your right knee.

45-degree angle to your body.

cause it to bounce away, out
of control.
track the ball

raise knee

make contact

thigh control | 31

● Once the ball makes contact, lower

● As you bring the ball under your

● Your left foot should be positioned

● Kick the ball with the inside of your

your thigh slightly to cushion the

control, step in and turn toward your

alongside the ball, pointing in the

right foot. Follow through by leaning

impact. Use your thigh to guide the ball

left. Lean forward and bring your right

direction you are aiming toward.

back and looking up.

down in front of you and to your left.

leg back as you prepare to pass.

step in

pass the ball

side foot control
To gain control of a high,
lofted pass, you will most likely
need to use both feet to settle
the ball down onto the
ground. Most players prefer to
use one foot more than the
other, but you should try to
develop the weaker foot
because it will be useful when

● As you prepare for the oncoming

● As the ball comes toward you, step

● Raise your right knee and turn your

ball, make sure your body is relaxed

forward onto your left foot. Hold your

toes out so the inside of your right

and you are up on your toes.

arms out to your sides to give you

foot faces toward the ball. Step on the

greater balance.

ball to control it.

you are learning to dribble
the ball.

stop the ball

side foot control | 33

● The ball will most likely bounce a

● Step up to the ball with your left

● As you prepare to kick, bring your

● Focus on the ball as you use the

bit toward your left. Transfer your

foot, ready to kick with your right. Your

right shoulder and leg back. This will

inside of your right foot to kick it.

weight from left to right so you can

left foot should be beside the ball,

help give you a good swing so you can

Hold your arms out wide as you

pick up your left foot and use it to

with your toes pointing in the

get some height on the ball.

follow through with the kick.

bring the ball back to the center,

direction of your aim.

between your feet.

center the ball

follow through


dead ball shoot
This technique is good for
producing an accurate and
powerful shot for a target a
long distance away.

● You’ll need to keep your eye on

● Keep your gaze on the ball as you

● Step up with your left leg so your

the ball once you begin the shot, so

begin to step up to it. Swing your

left foot lies right up alongside, or

start by fixing a target in your mind’s

arms to give you momentum.

even slightly in front of, the ball.


fix target

position non-kicking foot

dead ball shoot | 37

● As you bring your right foot in to

● Try to strike the ball with the front

● To create curl and swerve,

● Follow through with the kick by

make the kick, lean slightly over to the

of your boot so your laces make

approach the ball from right to left,

bringing your foot right up to waist

left and trail your right shoulder. This

contact with the ball.

rather than straight on. Striking

height. Look up and swing with your

will give you more room to swing and

different sections of the ball will

arms to give the kick more

therefore more power behind the ball.

produce different flight movements.

momentum. For more power, jump off

make contact

your left, non-kicking foot.

follow through

left side volley
The volley is the most powerful way
to kick the ball, and requires not
only strength but also precision,
timing, and balance. It’s a great ball
skill to have, especially if you need
to shoot a goal with the ball
approaching at waist height. This
sequence shows a left-footed
player, but you should always
practice with your weaker side, as

● As the ball approaches, keep your

● If you use your left foot to kick the

● Pivot on the ball of your right foot

eyes firmly fixed on it. You need to

ball, lean away with your right

as you take take the shot with your

strike across the direction of the

shoulder as you step up for the shot.

left. Keep your left arm out to provide

oncoming ball.

This will allow your striking foot to

good balance.

swing across your body at knee height.

well as your preferred side.

 watch the ball



left side volley | 39

● As you strike the ball with the

● You can practice this skill with a

● If you are throwing the ball in, keep

instep (or laces), your whole body

partner, who throws a ball toward

both feet firmly planted on the

should swing across to the right to

you. Remember to swap positions

ground, bend your knees, and hold the

give the ball its momentum. To

after a couple of tries.

ball with both hands.

complete the follow-through, step all
the way around onto your left foot.

follow through

straight volley
A straight volley involves
kicking the ball back in the
same direction as it arrived.
It is often used when the ball
has been cleared by a goalie
or defender. Do not lean
back; this will cause the ball to
rise too high.
● Watch the ball as it comes in your

● As you step up to the ball, put your

● Keep your eyes fixed on the ball as

direction. You need to get well behind

arms out to the sides to help you

you swing your right arm back and

the ball, so adjust your position

keep your balance.

raise your right knee up high. You


should hit the ball with the front of
your foot so that your laces make


contact with it.

straight volley | 41

● Keep the angle of your kicking foot

● If you are throwing the ball in, keep

● You can also throw the ball

slight so you create a smooth, straight

both feet firmly planted on the

underarm to your partner. Do not

path with the ball. Follow through by

ground, bend your knees, and hold the

make the throw too hard or fast.

raising your kicking leg high and then

ball with both hands.

stepping forward onto it.

follow through

shot from side delivery
Receiving the ball from a sideon pass and then shooting
with just one touch requires
a lot of skill. The key is timing
your steps and the shot with
the arrival of the ball. It may
seem tricky, but with practice,
it is definitely achievable. Note
that this player is left-footed.

● Timing is crucial for this maneuver,

● As the ball comes close, step up

● Allow the ball to come across your

so you need to watch the ball closely

with your non-kicking leg (in this case,

right foot before it comes into contact

as it comes all the way into your feet.

your right leg).

with your left foot.


If you are right-footed, simply
switch the feet instructions.

shot from side delivery | 43

● Keep your eyes firmly on the ball,

● Bring your right shoulder forward

● Aim to strike the ball slightly across

● As you steady yourself, look up to

your arms out to the sides, and

and your left arm back as you put

your body. Once you have kicked the

see if the ball has reached its intended

elbows behind you as you aim to

some momentum into the kick.

ball, follow through by stepping

target. This shot is difficult to achieve

forward onto your left foot.

at first, but gets easier with practice.

shoot with one touch.

make contact

getting past opponents

step over/halfpast
This technique allows you to
bypass your defender by
putting him or her off balance.
You need to have good ball
control and be able to dribble
quickly from side to side.
Performing this at the right
distance from the opponent is
crucial: too far away and it will

● Crouch over the ball, keeping your

● When you are about 1 to 11⁄2 yards

● Get down low and bend your left

arms slightly out to the sides to

(0.9-1.4 m) in front of the defender,

knee as you make an exaggerated

protect the ball from other defenders.

begin the move. If you are too close,

move toward your left.

be ineffective; too close and

you will be tackled; and if you are too
far, the move will not be effective.

you will get tackled.
protect the ball

fake to left

step over/half scissors | 47

● To fake the leftward movement,

● Use the toes of your right foot

● By doing this, you will hopefully

● Once you have passed the

you need to step over the ball, rather

to push the ball to the right of the

have thrown the defender off

defender, accelerate away and make a

than kick it, and quickly power to the

defender; then follow on toward your

balance. Before he or she can regain

pass or shoot at the goal.

other side.

right side.

equilibrium, you can move forward
with the ball.

move to the right

bypass defender

pass the ball on

shoulder droppast opponents
The aim of this maneuver is to
throw your opponent off
balance. By dipping your
shoulder, you are encouraging
him or her to lean over one
way. You, however, change
direction by moving the ball
with the outside of your foot.
This is a left-footed sequence.

● Keep your eye on the path in front

● Alternate your focus between the

● When you are about 1 yard (0.9 m)

of you as you nudge the ball forward

ball and the defender as you continue

away from your opponent, begin the

with your left foot.

dribbling the ball forward, gathering

move by stepping onto your right foot.


edge forward

step onto right foot

shoulder drop | 49

● As you shift your body weight onto

● When your opponent moves to

● As you nudge the ball to the left,

● You should now be past your

your right leg, dip your right shoulder.

the right, you should quickly change

your opponent will be struggling to

opponent, in full possession and

This will encourage your opponent to

direction to the left.

regain his or her balance.

control of the ball. Accelerate away

also lean to the right in an attempt to

and pass or shoot at the goal.

tackle you. The more exagerated the

dip, the more effective you will be.

move toward the right

change direction

roll over past opponents
This is another way of
outwitting your opponent and
getting the ball past him or
her. It involves moving the ball
quickly from side to side,
creating sudden changes of
direction to your path.

● Keep your eye on the ball and your

● Continue focusing on the ball as

● Lean toward your left side and

arms out to your sides, which will help

you use the outside of your right foot

reach out with your right foot so it is

you maintain your balance.

to edge the ball slowly forward.

resting on the ball’s outer surface.

move forward

reach out to far side of ball

roll over | 51

● Continue leaning to your left as you

● This sudden rolling moving will

● Once you have rolled the ball to

● You should be clear of any defense

roll your foot over the ball. You should

fool your opponent, who has moved

your left, lean forward as you play the

now and able to play the ball to the

roll the ball with the base of your foot

to your left in the expectation that

ball with your left foot.

left of your previous defender and

so it moves from right to left.

you will play the ball on this side.

accelerate away.

use your left foot

step over past opponents
Another way of beating a
player is to transfer your body
weight from left to right (or vice
versa) and step over the ball.
This gives the illusion that you
are going to play the ball with
one foot, but you actually step
over the ball and use your
other foot instead.

● Push the ball forward with your

● Keep your eye on the ball, looking

● Move your left leg toward the ball

right foot. Crouch over the ball as you

up every now and then to check your

as if you are intending to kick it with

stay low to the ground.

opponent’s position on the field.

your left foot. Instead, take your left
leg over the ball.

stay low

fool your opponent

step over | 53

● Once your left foot is over the ball

● With the defender fooled and off

● Play the ball away from the

● Keep your eyes firmly fixed on the

and firmly planted on the ground,

balance, you are now free to take the

defender with your right foot. Stay low

ball as you knock the ball into a good

transfer your body weight and play the

ball off and around the defender.

to the ground.

stride pattern.

ball with your right foot.

pass the defender


stop turn
This is the best turn to use
when you have a defender
running alongside you and
you want to shake him or
her off by changing your
direction suddenly.

● Keep your eyes on the ball as you

● As your opponent draws close to

● Put your leading right foot on top

dribble it forward, maintaining close

you, keep him or her guessing as to

of the ball to stop it suddenly. Use

control over it. Look up every few

what you are planning to do.

your momentum to step over the

strides to check your position.

dribble forward

stationary ball.

stop the ball

stop turn | 57

● Plant your right foot in front of the

● You should be turning your body

● Regain your balance as you push off

● As you accelerate in the opposite

ball, then pivot on it as you bring your

so your back is facing toward your

the left foot, and use the right foot to

direction, your opponent will,

left leg around in a clockwise

opponent. Lean back in toward him

dribble the ball forward.

hopefully, still be moving in the original


or her.

turn around

direction of play.

dribble in the opposite direction

drag turn
This maneuver is similar to the
stop turn, but has the added
advantage of pushing the ball
back in the opposite direction
before you turn around, giving
you a head start.

● As you dribble the ball forward,

● Stay firmly focused on the ball as

● When you have touched the ball

take your arms out to your sides to

you continue nudging it forward. Look

forward with your left foot, bring the

help you maintain your balance.

up every now and then to check your

right foot over the ball.

position. Try to keep the defender
guessing as to what your next move

move forward

will be.

step over the ball

drag turn | 59

● Make contact with the ball by

● Your left foot should be firmly

● Put the right foot back down onto

● Once you are facing in the

placing your right foot on the ball.

planted on the ground as you lean

the ground, then pivot on the ball of

opposite direction, drive off the left

Make sure the heel of your right foot

forward, and drag the ball back with

your right foot as you turn around in a

foot to accelerate and follow the ball.

is touching its surface.

the sole of your foot, working from

clockwise direction.

heel to toe.

drag back

begin to turn around

cruyff turn
This turn relies on you fooling
your defender into thinking you
are going forward when, in
fact, you are making a quick
about-face maneuver in the
opposite direction.

● Keep your focus on the ball and

● Crouch down low, making sure

● Gather speed while keeping control

your arms out to your sides as you

your shoulders are well over the ball

over the ball. About 1 yard (0.9 m) in

dribble the ball forward.

to protect it from any tackles.

front of your opponent, touch the ball
forward with your left foot and
pretend to kick the ball with your right.

dribble forward

cruyff turn | 61

● Instead of kicking the ball, use the

● Lean toward your left as you pull.

● Swivel on your left foot as you turn

● Push off with your left foot as

toes to hook the ball and pull it

Your right leg pulls the ball in toward

your shoulders and then your whole

you lean forward over the ball and

around in the opposite direction.

your left side.

body counterclockwise to the left.

accelerate in the opposite direction.

hook the ball

turn around

outside hook
This turn is used when you
need to make a direction
change because there is an
opposing player tracking you
on your inside. It involves
taking the ball back in the
opposite direction by keeping
your body between the ball
and the opponent.

● As you nudge the ball forward,

● Once you have dribbled the ball

● Keeping your eyes on the ball, place

keep your arms out toward your sides

with your right foot, place the right

your left foot on the left side of the

and your gaze firmly on the ball.

foot down behind the ball.

ball; then start to bring your right foot
around to the left of the ball.

move forward

outside hook | 63

● Transfer your weight onto your left

● Use the outside of your right foot

● Once you have flicked the ball back,

● Lean forward and drive off the left

leg as you lean over to your left side

to hook behind the ball, and flick it in

follow through by pivoting on the left

foot as you propel yourself in the

to help you maneuver your foot

the opposite direction.

foot and stepping your right foot

other direction. Use your arms to help

around in a clockwise direction.

you gain some momentum and

around the ball.

accelerate away.

flick the ball

step around

 move in the other direction

inside hook
This turn should be used
when you need to change
direction because an
opponent is on your outside.
It involves taking the ball in the
opposite direction by keeping
your body between the ball
and your opponent.
● Keep your eyes fixed on the ball

● Dip your left shoulder slightly as

● Then, place your right foot behind

and your hands out to your sides as

you lean to the left, and dribble the

and to the right of the ball. Keep your

you nudge the ball forward.

ball with your right foot.

eyes fixed on the ball.

move forward

lean to the left

inside hook | 65

● Place the left foot beside the ball

● Lean toward your left as you turn

● Use the inside of your right foot to

● Look up to check whether your

and to the right. This move should

your body in a counterclockwise

hook the ball, and kick it back in the

path is clear, and accelerate off your

happen quickly so it comes as a

direction around the ball.

opposite direction to its original path.

left foot as you move back in the

surprise to your opponent.

opposite direction.

hook the ball

heading the ball

power header the ball
To get power behind a
header, you need to use the
whole of your upper body,
particularly your neck muscles.
Don’t forget to arch your
back and thrust your
shoulders forward as you
reach for the ball.
● Rock forward onto your left foot a

● As the ball approaches, judge its

● Keep your eyes open and begin to

couple of times as you build up

distance so you can time your rocking

arch your body forward to meet the

momentum for the header.

with its arrival. You are aiming to strike

ball. Aim your forehead at the middle

the ball with your forehead.

of the ball.

gather momentum

keep your eyes open

power header | 69

● Once the ball makes contact with

● Take turns throwing the ball and

● Throwing the ball underarm will

your forehead, arch your back and use

heading it. Do not do more than

provide a more accurate aim. Make

the whole of your upper body to

20 headers at one time.

sure you bend your knees and throw

power it forward. Aim the ball toward

the ball with both hands.

your partner’s chest.

make contact

throw the ball in

defensive header
the ball
These are used to defend
corners and free kicks by
aiming to head the ball away
in a direction opposite to
which it arrived. Heading the
bottom of the ball gives height
to defensive clearance.

● To succeed with a defensive header,

● To prepare for the header, rock

● Judge your timing so you power up

it’s important to attack the ball to get

back and forth, bending down at your

to the ball just as it is coming toward

maximum distance on your header.

knees so they act as a launch pad.

you. Aim to hit the bottom of the ball
with your forehead.

gather momentum

judge the timing

defensive header | 71

● As you make contact, extend your

● Aim to get some height on the ball

● The thrower should always be

neck away from your shoulders to

by looping it to your partner so he or

facing toward the sun. Keep your

send the ball far and high.

she can catch it above his or her head.

knees bent and use both hands to
throw the ball.

make contact

throw the ball in

downward header
the ball
The downward header is a
good technique to use when
you are heading for the goal.

● Keep your eyes fixed on the ball as

● Rock back onto your right foot to

● Use your arms for leverage as you

it comes toward you. You need to

create a launch pad for your header.

launch yourself forward. Aim to get

time your move to reach the ball at

You can do this a few times to

your forehead above the ball. Plant

just the right time.

develop greater momentum.

both feet firmly on the ground to
provide a solid base from which to

rock back

make your header.

downward header | 73

● Tilt yourself forward to get above

● Add some power to the header by

● If you stand with your feet apart,

the ball; then tilt your head down so

following through with the upper

you can ask your partner to aim the

your forehead connects to the top of

body. Tilt your head down so the ball

header between your feet.

the ball.

heads toward the ground.

make contact

follow through

jumping headerthe ball
When competing for an
oncoming high ball, you will
need to leap up high to get
your head to the ball first. Try
to get a good running start,
and use your whole body—
bending your knees and
elbows, and arching your
upper back—to get the height

● Keep your eyes on the ball as you

● Bend your elbows to use your arms

● Bring your head back as you aim to

take a run up toward it. Bend your

for extra leverage as you jump up

strike the ball with your forehead.

knees as you run toward it.

toward the ball.

Keep your eyes open the whole time.

you require.

jump up

strike the ball

jumping header | 75

● To give your header some power,

● If you stand farther back than usual,

● Throw the ball underarm to get

arch your back when you make

you will be able to throw the ball

more accuracy. Bend your knees and

contact with the ball. Make sure to

higher than normal. This will allow your

use both hands.

bend your knees to cushion your

partner to run up for the header.

return to the ground.

follow through

running with the ball

running short distances
with the
with the
Dribbling the ball short
distances is an important skill
to master. You need to keep
your eyes on the ball, but at
the same time, be aware of
your surrounding defenders
and the route you aim to take.

● Keep your body crouched low over

● Begin to move the ball forward by

● Next, use the inside of your foot to

the ball, with your arms out to the

tapping it firmly with the outside of

propel the ball farther forward and

sides. Focus on the ball.

your foot.

keep it on track.

stay low

move the ball forward

running short distances with the ball | 79

● Keep your eyes firmly fixed on the

● Try to keep the ball no more than

● As you continue to tap the ball

● When you become more confident

ball, but try to maintain an awareness

12–16 inches (0.3–0.4 m) away from

with the inside and outside of both

at dribbling the ball, quicken your

of who and what is around you.

you. Any farther and you may quickly

feet, dip your shoulders and bend your

pace. As you build up speed, you can

lose control over it.

knees to help you shift your weight

lift your head up to see around you.

from side to side.

develop pace

shift your weight

running long distances
with the
with the
Knowing when to run with the
ball and when to pass it is
what makes a good soccer
player. Running a long
distance requires only a few
touches of the ball. In addition
to pace, you will need good
control of the ball. Look up
occasionally to avoid tackles
and assess the situation.

● Start by focusing your eyes firmly

● Push the ball forward a good

● Make sure your first touch of the

on the ball in front of you. Try to keep

distance, using either the inside or

ball is a good one because this will

your shoulders over the ball and your

outside of your foot, depending on

create the stride pattern for the

arms out to your sides to protect it

your intended path.

next touch.

from defenders.

protect the ball

touch the ball

running long distances with the ball | 81

● Accelerate your pace. Bend your

● Each touch of the ball should push

● As you touch the ball forward,

● Do not push the ball too far

elbows and swing your arms back and

it a good distance to maintain your

make sure you look up so you can

forward, or you will run the risk of

forth to create momentum.

stride pattern.

think about your final pass.

losing control over it.


shift weight

dribbling with both
withfeet the ball
Most players have a favorite
foot with which they prefer to
play the ball. But don’t neglect
developing your weaker foot.
Although it is difficult, being
able to use both feet is a very
useful skill when it comes to
warding off defenders while
running with the ball.

● Crouch down low to the ground

● Keeping your body over the ball,

● As you shift from side to side, dip

with your shoulders over the ball.

step in with your left foot, and use the

your shoulders. This will help you

Start by tapping the ball forward with

outside part to move the ball along.

transfer your body weight.

your outside right foot.

crouch down low

use left foot

shift your weight

dribbling with both feet | 83

● Step in with your right foot again

● Keep your arms out by your sides

● Now use the outside of your left

● To maintain control over the ball,

and use the outside part of the foot

and bent at the elbows to help you

foot again to move the ball. The ball

keep your knees bent and your eye

to move the ball.

with your balance.

should be moving forward in a shallow

firmly focused on the ball.

zigzag manner.

use right foot

maintain balance


basic catch
Standing between the posts in the line of fire is not everyone’s
idea of fun. But goalkeeping is vital for the game and requires not
only bravery, but also agility, sound judgment, and good kicking
skills. You should aim to always keep up on your toes and be
aware of your position in your goalkeeping area—don’t remain on
your goal line. Always wear the necessary goalkeeping
equipment for games, and try to wear gloves during practice.

● Stand about 1 yard (0.9 m) away

● As the ball comes close, step

from the goal line. Bend your knees

toward it. Keep your eyes firmly fixed

and keep your weight evenly distributed

on the ball as you reach up with both

over the feet. Bend your elbows and

hands to catch it.

keep your hands out in front of you.

stand steady

reach up

basic catch | 87

● Spread your palms wide so your

● Continue to cradle the ball tightly

● Keep the ball close to you as you

● Once you have looked both ways

hands make a “W” shape. Once you

with both hands as you bring it in

step out and turn your head, first to

and found a suitable space, you can

make contact with the ball, tighten

toward your chest.

the left and then to the right, as you

either kick the ball or throw it out to

prepare to pass the ball.

one of your players.

your grip so you are holding it firmly.

grip the ball

look both ways

catch above head
For a high incoming ball, you
will need to adjust your
position so you can leap up
into the air with your arms
outstretched above you.

● Keep your body supple as you

● Once the ball is in the air, step

● Reach up with both your hands,

prepare yourself for the shot. Bend

forward well away from the goal line.

making sure the palms are spread

your knees and elbows, and maintain

You don’t want to stumble back with

wide apart and are facing the ball.

your focus on the ball.

the ball and accidentally cross it.

step forward

raise arms

catch above head | 89

● Step onto your toes as you stretch

● Once you have caught the ball,

● With the ball safely in your

● Take your right shoulder back and

your body high into the air. You should

draw it in quickly toward your chest

possession, look around for

bring your left one forward as you

be aiming to catch the ball at its

with both hands.

opportunities to pass the ball.

prepare to throw the ball out.

highest point.

draw the ball into your chest

Sometimes you do not have time to get your whole body in front of the ball, so you will need to dive toward it.

● Stand about 1 yard (0.9 m) in front

● Try to anticipate which way the

● Once you have committed yourself

● Keep your eyes on the ball all the

of the goal line with your weight

shot is going before you commit to

to a side, aim to get your hands on the

time you are reaching for the ball. Your

evenly distributed on both feet and

one side.

ball as soon as possible. Drive off the

hands should remain in the basic “W”

opposite foot to your intended

shape throughout the dive.

your hands by your waist.

direction and propel your whole body

across the goal.

drive off your foot

dive | 91

● Stretch your body as far as you can

● Aim to get both hands firmly on

● Gather the ball into your body as

● Use your whole body to protect

to reach for the ball. Keep your eyes

the ball. Keep your head as upright as

quickly as possible. Remember to roll

the ball from nearby opponents. When

open and fixed on the ball.

possible; this will help to prevent you

forward onto the ball. Don’t lie back—

you are firmly in possession, get up

from hitting your head on the ground.

you could roll over your own goal line

and decide on your next play.

by accident.

extend to your maximum

roll forward

protect the ball

for more
American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO)
AYSO National Support & Training Center
12501 South Isis Avenue
Hawthorne, CA 90250
(800) 872-2976
Web site:
The AYSO was established in the Los Angeles area in 1964 with nine teams. Today, it has more than 50,000 teams and more than 650,000 players. The AYSO has been the leader in establishing
groundbreaking youth soccer programs in the United States.

Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)
FIFA-Strasse 20
P.O. Box 8044
Zurich, Switzerland
Web site:
FIFA is an association governed by Swiss law founded in 1904 and based in Zurich. It has 208 member associations and its goal, enshrined in its statutes, is the constant improvement of football
(what is known in North America as soccer).

Major League Soccer (MLS)
420 5th Avenue, 7th Floor
New York, NY 10018
(877) 557-3774
Web site:
Major League Soccer is the top-flight professional soccer league in the United States. It was founded in 1996, after the country hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup.

Web Sites
Due to the changing nature of Internet links, Rosen Publishing has developed an online list of Web sites related to the subject of this book. This site is updated regularly.
Please use this link to access this list:

for further
for further
Buckley, James. Pelé. New York, NY: DK Children, 2007.
Cline-Rasome, Lesa. Young Pelé. New York, NY: Schwartz & Wade, 2007.
Crisfield, Deborah W. The Everything Kids’ Soccer Book: Rules, Techniques, and More About Your Favorite Sport! (Everything Kids). Avon, MA: Adams Media, 2009.
Dorrance, Anson, and Gloria Averbuch. The Vision of a Champion: Advice and Inspiration from the World’s Most Successful Women’s Soccer Coach. Chelsea, MI: Huron River
Press, 2005.
Garland, Jim. Youth Soccer Drills: 84 Drills for Beginning and Intermediate Players. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 2003.
Gifford, Clive. The Kingfisher Soccer Encyclopedia. Boston, MA: Kingfisher, 2006.
Gifford, Clive. Soccer: The Ultimate Guide to the Beautiful Game. Boston, MA: Kingfisher, 2004.
Goldblatt, David. The Ball Is Round: A Global History of Soccer. New York, NY: Riverhead, 2008.
Hamm, Mia. Go for the Goal: A Champion’s Guide to Winning in Soccer and Life. New York, NY: Harper Paperbacks, 2000.
Hornby, Hugh. Soccer. New York, NY: DK Children, 2008.
Hunt, Chris, ed. The Complete Book of Soccer. New York, NY: Firefly, 2008.
Koger, Robert. 101 Great Youth Soccer Drills. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2005.
Pelé and Robert L. Fish. My Life and the Beautiful Game: The Autobiography of Soccer’s Greatest Star. New York, NY: Skyhorse Publishing, 2007.
Radnedge, Keir. The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Soccer. London, England: Carlton Books, 2002.
Shea, Therese. Soccer Stars. New York, NY: Children’s Press, 2007.
U.S. Soccer Federation and Michael Lewis. Soccer for Dummies. New York, NY: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2000.



age guidelines 5, 9
arm movements
chest control 26–27
control and side foot pass 14–17
cruyff turn 60–61
dead ball shoot 36–37
drag turn 58–59
dribbling with both feet 82–83
head control 28–29
defensive 70–71
downward 72–73
jumping 74–75
power 68–69
left side volley 38–39
lofted pass 16–17
outside hook 62–63
roll over 50–51
long distances with ball 80–81
short distances with ball 78–79
shot from side delivery 42–43
shoulder drop 48–49
side foot control 32–33
step over/half scissors 46–47
straight volley 40–41
throwing in 22–23
approach, waist height 38
AstroTurf cleats 8–9
awareness, body 10

back, lower 10
ball 9
dead 20, 36–37
high oncoming 26–27, 88–89
stationary 4, 20–21
trajectories 7
basic catch 86–87
head control 28
bending 7
warming up 10
blade system 8
awareness 10
shape 4, 6, 11
weight transfer 52–53
burnout 7
bypass defender 46–47

calf muscles 10
above head 88–89
basic 86–87
changing direction
cruyff turn 60–61
drag turn 58–59
inside hook 64–65

outside hook 62–63
roll over 50–51
stop turn 56–57
changing feet 18–19
chest control 26–27
circulation 8
clearance, defensive 70–71
cleats 8–9
clothing 7
coordination 10
manuals 4
system 11
concrete surfaces 8
contact surface 6
control 5
change feet 18–19
chest 26–27
head 28–29
outside foot pass 16–17
running with ball 80
side foot 32–33
side foot pass 14–15
thigh 30–31
controlling skill 5
corners 70
cruyff turn 60–61

dead ball shooting 36–37

defenders 5
bypass 46–47
getting past 48–49
defensive clearance 70–71
defensive header 70–71
direction, changing 50–51, 56–65
distance throwing in 22–23
dive 90–91
downward header 72–73
drag turn 58–59
dribbling 5, 32, 46
changing feet 18
record-keeping 7
short distances 78–79
with both feet 82–83

equipment 8–9, 86

both, dribbling with 82–83
changing 18–19
preference 32, 38, 82
fitness levels 6
footwear 8–9
free kicks 70


index | 95

gaining height 20–21, 74–75
gloves 9
goal, heading for 72–73
goalkeeping 5, 84–91
outfit 9
grass 9


knees 30

oncoming ball 26–27, 74–75, 88–89
oncoming defenders 18–19
opponents 44–53
outside foot pass 16–17
outside hook 62–63
overtraining 7




half scissors 46–47
hamstrings 10
head control 28–29
headers 28–29
defensive 70–71
downward 72–73
jumping 74–75
power 68–69
record-keeping 7
heading for goal 72–73
heading skill 5
height on ball 20–21, 74–75
high lofted pass 32
high oncoming ball 26–27, 88–89
hips 10
inside 64–65
outside 62–63

leaning forward 10
left side volley 38–39
left-footed player
left side volley 38–39
shot from side delivery 42–43
shoulder drop 48–49
side foot pass 14–15
lofted pass 20–21, 32
long distance
passing 20–21
running 80–81
target 36
throwing in 22–23

pace 6, 80
padding 9
partners 10
defensive header 71
downward header 73
jumping header 75
left side volley 39
outside foot pass 16–17
power header 69
practice with 10
straight volley 41
pass, lofted 20–21, 32
passing 5, 12–23
changing feet 18–19
distance throwing in 22–23
lofted 20–21, 32
outside foot 16–17
record-keeping 7
side foot 14–15
playing surfaces 8–9
power header 68–69
practice with partner 10

jumping header 74–75


markers 9
muscles 10

injuries 7, 8, 10
inside hook 64–65

neck muscles 68–69


defensive header 71
downward header 73
jumping header 75
left side volley 39
outside foot pass 16–17
power header 69
straight volley 41

record-keeping 7
roll over 50–51
running with ball 76–83
dribbling with both feet 82–83
long distances 80–81
short distances 78–79

safety 7, 9
sending off 9
shin pads 9
dead ball 36–37
left side volley 38–39
record-keeping 7
side delivery 42–43
skill 5
straight volley 40–41
short-distance running 78–79
shoulder drop 48–49
side delivery 42–43

side foot control 32–33
side foot pass 14–15
side-on pass 42
coaching system 11
control 24–33
definition of 5
equipment 8–9
getting past opponents 44–53
goalkeeping 84–91
heading 66–75
passing 12–23
practice, putting skills into 6–7
running with ball 76–83
shooting 34–43
turns 54–65

soft playing surfaces 8
sports shops 9
stationary ball, lofted pass 20–21
step over 46–47, 52–53
stop turn 56–57
straight volley 40–41
strains 10
stretching 10
strikers 5
surfaces 8–9

tackles 46, 80
target-setting 7
thigh control 30–31

throwing in 39, 41
long distance 22–23
training shoes 8, 9
training sessions 5
start off slow 6
warm-ups 10
trajectories 7
transfering body weight 52–53
turning skill 5
turns 54–65
cruyff 60–61
drag 58–59
outside hook 62–63
record-keeping 7
stop 56–57
twisting 10

left side 38–39
straight 40–41
see also shooting

waist height approach 38
walking pace 6
warming up 4, 10
weaker foot 32, 38, 82
weather conditions 8
working grids 9

about the author
the author
Ian Howe is a fully qualified coach in the Football Association (England’s governing body for soccer), specializing in the coaching of children aged 5–16. Along with two
other coaches, he cofounded the successful Palace Soccer School in the early 1990s. The school has close links with many top soccer league clubs throughout England.
His work has taken him to many other countries, including the U.S., where he has acquired many new, valuable training methods and techniques from a wide array of
professional coaches.