Main Basketball Step-By-Step
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New York This edition published in 2010 by: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. 29 East 21st Street New York, NY 10010 Additional end matter copyright © 2010 by The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Burns, Brian. Basketball step-by-step / Brian Burns and Mark Dunning. p. cm. (Skills in motion) Includes index. ISBN-13: 978-1-4358-3360-9 (library binding) 1. Basketball I. Dunning, Mark. II.Title. GV885.B87 2010 796.323'2—dc22 2009014417 Manufactured in the United States of America All other content copyright © 2009 Axis Publishing Limited, London contents introduction 4 offensive 18 defensive 76 for more information for further reading index 92 93 94 introduction The popularity of basketball is such that it now enjoys a truly global status, National teams also compete at this global level and club teams contest played and watched by an estimated 300 million people. This makes it world championships, as well as championships for European, Asian, second only to soccer in terms of level of participation and interest. African, and Pan American geographical areas. The most famous, wealthy, As well as grassroots interest at amateur level, most countries now have national federations that organize not only professional leagues for men and women, but also formal competitive leagues for boys and girls of all ages. and hotly contested league in the world is run by the National Basketball Association (NBA) in the United States. As well as the able-bodied “running” game, there is also a thriving wheelchair game that has its own world championships and other competitions that are run along the same lines as the able-bodied game. Basketball is also one of the most popular and keenly contested Olympic sports, and the popularity of the original U.S. “Dream Team” in 1992 was a story that has become part of Olympic Games’ legen; d. the origins of the game The game today has inevitably evolved and improved since its inception in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts, home now to the Basketball Hall of Fame. The man who created this immediately successful sport was the Canadian Dr. James Balance, good footwork, and the ability to think and react quickly are prerequisites for basketball. introduction | 5 Naismith, who had sought to find a team game suitable for indoor play during the harsh winter months of the northern United States. Drawing on an activity he had learned as a child, Naismith developed basketball's original 13 rules and, consequently, the game itself. However, Naismith regarded himself as a physical educator and academic and never sought to profit from his great invention. He received his greatest compliment in 1936 when basketball became an Olympic sport at the Berlin games. Naismith died in 1939. The top professionals exhibit speed, agility, and athleticism each time they run onto the court. Aim to emulate them. the game Basketball as we know it now is a fast, dynamic sport played by great The basket itself is a bottomless net hanging off a metal ring, 18 in (46 cm) athletes who need to have the total fitness package in order to play the in diameter, and attached to a backboard 10 ft (3.05 m) above the floor. game successfully at the highest levels. However, it is as enjoyable as a Each basket, or “field goal,” scores two points, or three points if shot from recreational pastime as when played by serious professionals. behind a line nearly 24 ft (7.3 m) from the basket. Teams must attempt a shot within 24 seconds of getting the ball (NBA and FIBA rules); otherwise, scoring and fouls Basketball is usually played indoors by a team of five players and lasts for 40 minutes (international and NCAA rules) or 48 minutes (United States’ NBA league rules). In both versions of the game, the total time is divided into four equal quarters with a 15-minute break at halftime. A whole basketball team, however, is comprised of 10 players (12 in the NBA), which allows for five (or seven NBA) substitutes to be used during the course of the game. Basketball is almost unique in its high scoring system, which makes for exciting games and nail-biting pressure. The other feature of the scoring is that no game can be tied. So when scores are tied, five-minute periods of overtime are played until one team wins. The triple-threat position is the basic fundamental for all players upon receiving the basketball. it is handed over to the opposition. introduction | 7 Any player making illegal body contact with an opposing player is the contest and must leave the court. judged to have committed a foul; when this happens, the skills opposing team may be given possession of the ball, or an As well as learning the rules, all players must master opposing player is awarded free throws at the basket the basic skills of the game. The skills contained in from the foul line. Each made foul shot is worth one this book are the individual techniques that form the point. Players who exceed the foul limit (usually five, but basis of the game and are the ones that every player six in the NBA) are disqualified from the game. must acquire in order to be able to participate in the Scoring is affected by the rules governing fouls. Most game effectively. The fundamentals of passing, dribbling, contact that is deemed by the referees (of whom there shooting, rebounding, and defensive footwork are are two in international play and three in the NBA) to covered. Professional players will spend countless hours be either deliberate or that places an opponent at a refining these essentials, and serious players disadvantage is penalized by a personal foul being levied engage in a regular schedule of repetitious against the offending player.These fouls may result in the practice for several years working on the opposing team being given the ball or an opposing player being premise that “only perfect practice makes given free throws from the foul line. A player who accumulates perfect” and that “perfect practice makes five fouls (six in the NBA) is ejected from the game. permanent.” Only through this dedication Unsportsmanlike and more serious offenses are penalized can players compete to their full potential. by a “technical foul,” often given for dissent and punishable by a free throw.Technical fouls can also be levied against coaches. A coach who gets two of these in a game is disqualified from Work your way up and down the court, dribbling two basketballs and using alternate bounces. the players and court There are three main positions on the court: the guards, the forwards, and from the basket area.The guards tend to do most of the ball handling and the centers. Usually the guards are the shorter members of the team, and longer-range shooting, with the forwards typically driving to the basket the centers are the tallest. Centers tend to play nearer the basket, while from the wings. An NBA court is shown below (the FIBA international the more agile forwards and guards occupy areas of the court farther away version uses a different 3-second area and 3-point line). PLAYER POSITIONS 11. point guard 2 shooting guard 3 small forward 4 power forward 5 center f c COURT) a 3-second area (the lane) b 3-point line c free-throw line d side line e halfway line f end line 2 5 COURT MARKINGS (NBA e 3 a 1 4 b d introduction | 9 point guard in and around the 3-second lane.This position demands a great deal This is the most important (and difficult) position on the of strength, meaning the player is often involved in the more court for offensive moves. The player must be unselfish, physical side of the game, such as defense. Picking up offensive willing to pass to teammates, yet be able to score himself, and defensive rebounds is another key skill. set up offensive plays, work out, and do what is best for the team at any given moment, as well as being center a great dribbler and a good shooter. The center is the most physical of all the five positions. Offensively, it requires an ability to score from close range shooting guard while in close physical contact with the opposition’s The shooting guard must be very agile and a good defense. Defensively, the center is the most important long-distance shooter. The player should be a good ball position, as he or she is the last line of defense against handler and be able to work quickly and accurately. opponents driving toward the basket, so he or she must be able to block shots and be an excellent rebounder, small forward turning defense into offense. This position requires an unselfish player who can In the modern game, however, all players tend to not only shoot from the outside but can also make good be able to do almost everything and have become cuts to the basket with and without the ball. This player is excellent all-rounders rather than specialists in usually a superior athlete. one position only. power forward The power forward must be a strong, athletic player who is a good rebounder and competent scorer from A one-on-one requires good awareness so that you can execute a pass to a teammate or move past your opponent without losing the ball. equipment You will need the right footwear and clothing to play basketball, though equipment is minimal. Basketball shoes, with the laces tied up properly, athletic socks, loose-fitting shorts, and a T-shirt are all you need. Obviously, you will also need a ball. There are various basketballs available.The regulation full-size ball is a size 7, though a size 6 ball is used in the Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) and by many female competitions. Also, the size 5 mini-basketball is often used in underage competitions. Balls come in a variety of materials, such as rubber, synthetic leather, and full-grain leather, and prices vary tremendously. Choose one to suit your age and size GOVERNING BODIES ■ Basketball is organized on a worldwide scale by FIBA, the world governing body.This sets the international rules, including the size and shape of the court and its markings. As we have seen, the NBA in the United States sets slightly different rules, and the game is played on a slightly different-sized court. ■ The NBA is considered to be the top league in the world and generates massive revenue from selling TV rights.The league itself comprises 29 teams, including such legendary names as the New York Knicks, the Boston Celtics, the LA Lakers, and the Chicago Bulls. Its megastar (and mega-rich) players have included Michael Jordan, Larry Bird, Kareem Abdul Jabaar, and Earvin “Magic” Johnson, as well as many others from the past.The female equivalent is the WNBA, which currently has 16 teams. and make sure you look after it. ■ Also in the United States, besides high school basketball, there is A basket and a ball are all you need to start practicing shooting some hoops in your backyard. great interest in college basketball.The revenue-generating NCAA Division One college level has over 300 men’s teams, not to mention the Division Two and Division Three programs, followed by an NAIA level for smaller schools. Finally, the junior college system also runs a national competition. introduction | 11 streetball and urban cool The popularity of the game worldwide is such that, in recent years, “streetball” has become a huge hit. Of course, most indoor basketball is played on sprung wooden floors, but the “blacktops” (the slang name for outdoor tarmac street courts) are used by ordinary people in urban neighborhood areas all over the world. There has always been a populist culture surrounding the outdoor basketball court. Many of the game’s top players in the United States honed their skills on these courts, which are accessible to anyone wanting to shoot some hoops. In the United States, in particular, whole tournaments are played outdoors each summer and are hugely popular. Another aspect of the game, and we have the NBA to thank for this, is the worldwide phenomenon of fashion, music, and “cool” that has become synonymous with the sport. Young people from all sorts of cultures are attracted by this, and indeed it is the combination of these aspects of the game that can bring together people of all races and nationalities united under one common theme—the great game of basketball. The techniques shown in this book will give you a sound base on which to build your physical knowledge of the game. The various fundamental skills demonstrated are those that occur frequently in all basketball games at every level. They can be practiced and worked on alone and some do not even require a basket. Follow the flow of the pictures and try to copy them as you practice. Work hard, but above all, enjoy the game. warming up In basketball, not only must you constantly work on and practice your skills vigorous sports such as basketball, and to this end you should consult your to ensure your technique is properly developed, but you must also pay doctor to check your health before starting any training program. significant attention to other areas such as body strength, cardiovascular fitness, and nutrition. This page and the ones that follow show some of the most common and effective warm-up and stretching exercises that should always be done If you take these issues seriously—starting prior to any vigorous physical activity. As a general rule, warm up for five in your teenage years—your sporting ability to seven minutes with a slow-paced activity that doesn’t involve any sharp will improve dramatically, not to mention your everyday health and vitality. Your coach or trainer should be able to advise you on the correct amounts of carbohydrates (for energy), protein (for muscle growth and repair), fats (preferably non-saturated), fiber (for healthy digestion), and vitamins and minerals for nutrition and the regulation of body systems. It is also extremely important to understand that you need to be in good physical health before undertaking BUTT KICKS Work your way across the court in an exaggerated running motion, kicking your heels up behind you as high as you can. Move across the court, crossing one foot in front of the other, while swiveling at the hips. CARIOCA introduction | 13 WALKING LUNGES Moving up and down the court, lunge foward, extending one leg and then the other. Maintain your balance at all times. movements or changes of speed and direction. Then, follow the stretches feels comfortable. This will be enough to get a “stretch response,” which outlined to prepare the muscles and joints for the vigorous movements you should maintain for around 20 to 30 seconds. experienced while playing or practicing basketball.The static stretches shown on pages 14–16, if done properly, are adequate to prepare you to play. Do not “bounce” the muscle; just “squeeze” and hold in order to get a stretch response. Everyone is different, so get to know your own limitations and needs. don’t overstretch Another important thing to remember is never to play sports wearing Be disciplined in your approach to warming up and stretching. Never skip jewelry.Take it off and store it in a safe, secure place before stepping onto it, but also be aware that stretching should not hurt. Only stretch as far as the court. stretching exercises CALF STRETCH Straighten one leg, hooking the other over the heel. Push the heel of the straight leg down toward the ground. Feel the stretch in the calf muscle. INVERTED HURDLER’S STRETCH Stretch one leg out and bend the other into your knee. Reach for your toes and feel the stretch in the hamstrings down the back of the leg. PRETZEL STRETCH Straighten one leg, and place the other on the outside of the straight knee. With one hand behind you, turn and look over your shoulder. Feel the stretch in the upper and lower back. introduction | 15 BUTTERFLY STRETCH Put the soles of your feet together. Push your knees down toward the ground. Feel the stretch in your groin muscles. QUADRICEPS STRETCH Lie on your side and pull one foot toward (but not directly against) your bottom. Feel the stretch in front of your thigh. stretching exercises continued HAMSTRING STRETCH Lie on your back and extend one leg upward into the air. Grip this leg by the calf and pull it toward your chest, keeping the other foot on the floor. Feel the stretch in the hamstring down the back of the leg. GLUTES STRETCH Lie on your back and pull both knees into your chest. Feel the stretch in the gluteus maximus muscles in your buttocks. LOWER BACK STRETCH Lie on your back, arms out to your sides. Bring one knee across your body, keeping your shoulders in contact with the ground. Feel the stretch in the lower back. introduction | 17 go with the flow The special images used in this book have been created to ensure that you explained with step-by-step captions. Below this, another layer of see the whole movement—not just isolated highlights. Each of the image information in the timeline breaks the move into its various stages, with sequences flows across the page from left to right, demonstrating how instructions for the different actions you should carry out. The pause the technique progresses, and the body and ball movements you should “button” symbol in the timeline indicates key moments in the sequence to make to get the most out of each move. Each technique is also fully which you should pay special attention. left-hand layup | 45 offensive left-hand layup Even if you are right handed, there will be times when you will need to approach the basket on the left side of the court. Therefore, you must be able to execute a left-handed layup using the correct footwork. As with every other skill, the only path to success is practice, practice, practice. ● Begin the approach to basket on the left side, using your left hand to dribble the ball. Keep the ball protected from the defense. protect the ball This indicates the beginning of a sequence, as you start the move. ● Keep your head up and your eyes focused on the target. focus on target ● As you approach the three-second lane, begin to terminate your dribble while still protecting the ball on the left side of your body. finish dribble This indicates continued movement in the sequence. ● Step first onto your left foot. At the same time, move the ball up to the shooting position above the left shoulder. move ball to shooting position ● The next step will be with your right foot. Keep your eyes focused on the target and extend the ball above the left shoulder. ● Use your two steps to get you as near to the basket as possible. Jump off your right foot, as high as you can, up toward the basket to release the ball. ● Extend the elbow and snap the wrist of your (left) shooting arm and hand to shoot the ball softly off the backboard. Aim for the top corner of the small black square on the left side of the rim. release the ball This indicates This indicates the key moments in the sequence. end of a sequence, when the move is complete. offensive offensive spin back, forward pivot Correct footwork is one of the most important and basic skills to master. The simple pivot move demonstrated here will be useful in many game situations. ● With your back to the basket, spin ● As the ball bounces and rebounds ● Secure the ball in both hands in the the ball out in front of you, using back to you, step toward it and then triple-threat position. With your knees reverse spin. catch it. flexed, begin the pivot move. back to basket triple-threat position spin back, forward pivot | 21 ● Make a front (or forward) pivot on ● Your body should turn, too, as your ● Bring your right foot around fully ● You should now be facing the your left foot by bringing your right right foot comes around. Keep your and drop it slightly in front of your basket in the triple-threat position, foot forward and around in a eyes up and note how the ball is left foot. on balance. counterclockwise direction. positioned to assume the triple threat. pivot turn body balance offensive spin back, reverse pivot The reverse pivot is carried out in the same way as the forward pivot, except that the right foot moves the other way. Both pivots achieve the same result. ● With your back to the basket, spin ● As the ball bounces, step toward ● Secure the ball in both hands in the the ball out in front of you, using it and as it rebounds back toward you, triple-threat position. With knees reverse spin. catch it. flexed, begin the pivot move. back to basket triple-threat position spin back, reverse pivot | 23 ● Make a reverse pivot on your left ● Your body should turn as your right ● Bring your right foot around fully ● You should now be facing the foot by bringing the right foot back foot comes around. Keep your eyes and drop it slightly in front of your basket in the triple-threat position, and around in a clockwise direction. up and note how the ball is positioned left foot. on balance. to assume the triple threat. pivot turn body balance offensive basic dribble Also known as the “control dribble,” this is the one move you are most likely to use in a game. Practice it using both hands—you will need to be equally skilled with both. ● Keep your head and eyes up at all ● Protect the ball by keeping it slightly ● Extending the elbow and snapping ● Keep the ball in your fingers, not on times while dribbling. Keep your to one side of your body. Dribble the wrist allows you to bounce the the palm of your hand. As you dribble, weight evenly distributed and your from about waist height, keeping the ball on the floor with the required move forward on balance. Keep your knees slightly bent. ball slightly in front of you. amount of control. non-dribbling arm up and out in front of you so as to protect the ball further. head up protect the ball move forward basic dribble | 25 ● Note the follow-through of the ● The hand goes down to meet ● Repeat the motion again. What you ● Here, the player has come to a arm, wrist, and fingers.The body the ball shortly after it bounces back do at the end of your dribble is one-count stop and is ready to remains balanced and the head and off the floor.The force is absorbed dependent upon the game situation. assume the triple-threat position. eyes are up. back into the arm by bending your elbow. follow through bend bend the the elbow elbow repeat offensive crossover dribble The ability to beat the player who is guarding you is an essential skill. Not only must you be able to do this when you do not have the ball, but also when you are in possession of it and dribbling. This is one move that can help you get past a defender. ● Having been in the triple-threat ● As you approach the point at which ● With the defender now shifting his position to assess the game situation, you want to make your crossover weight to guard you to your right, you you have decided to dribble. Begin to dribble, make a dribble and a body can now begin to elude him by quickly approach a defender, protecting your move to your right while getting into a coming to your left. dribble by keeping the ball slightly to slightly lower body position. your side (the right side above). begin approach move right shift quickly left crossover dribble | 27 ● Execute the crossover dribble by ● The crossover dribble should be ● As you move the ball across your ● The move should culminate in switching the ball quickly from your made using one bounce of the ball body from right to left, your right foot a change of speed and direction to right to your left hand, keeping low from right to left (in this example) will also come across, protecting the take you to your left and away from to the floor. Keep your head and eyes and below knee height. ball further from the defender, who is the chasing defender. up throughout. switch hands now recovering. protect the ball change speed and direction offensive behind-the-back dribble Moving the ball behind your back is a dribble move to help you to go past a defender who is guarding you closely. This is an advanced skill, and a very effective one. ● Approach the defender using a ● At the point where the defender ● While keeping head and eyes up at standard or controlled dribble. lunges in to try to steal the ball, begin all times, begin to angle the next Here, the player is dribbling with your maneuver. bounce of the ball around your back. his right hand. standard dribble Do not “carry” the ball. angle bounce of ball behind-the-back dribble | 29 ● The motion must be continuous. ● The ball is brought around the back ● Resume your dribble with your ● Note how the player has also As your arm and the ball are wrapped completely and is now on the left side left hand. changed direction. around behind your back, your body of your body. will begin to change direction slightly from right to left. change direction bring ball around back resume dribble offensive chest pass The chest pass is the most commonly used pass in the game. Accuracy is the key here, achieved by using good follow-through and keeping eye contact with your intended receiver. ● The pass can be made after a ● From the dribble stance, gather the ● Spread your fingers around the ball, dribble comes to an end. ball into both your hands, held out in with your thumbs behind it. front of your body. end dribble gather ball chest pass | 31 ● Begin the pass from around chest ● Extend your elbows and snap the ● Remember to follow through ● As the wrists and fingers snap, the height and step forward into the wrists to release the ball in a straight correctly—your arms should finish backs of your hands will end up facing passing action. line from your chest area to your out in front of your body. each other, the palms facing outward. receiver’s chest area. step forward snap wrists follow through offensive bounce pass The bounce pass is an invaluable move and can be used in a number of different game situations. It is very effective after faking another pass, for example an overhead pass. ● The bounce pass can be made after ● Gather the ball from the dribble ● Spread your fingers around the ball, ● Begin the pass from around chest terminating a dribble. stance into both hands, which are held with your thumbs behind it. height and step forward into the out in front of your body. gather the ball passing action. step forward bounce pass | 33 ● Extend your elbows and snap your ● Aim for the ball to bounce just over ● The receiver should be able to ● The receiver grips the ball firmly in wrists to release the ball and direct it halfway between passer and receiver. catch the ball comfortably at around both hands and brings it up level with waist height. his chin. at the floor. direct ball at floor offensive overhead pass The overhead pass can be used in a variety of game situations when the angle and trajectory you need to get the ball to the receiver calls for a slightly elevated release. ● As always, start your move from ● Begin by raising the ball with both ● Lift the ball to a position slightly the triple-threat position so that you hands, knees slightly bent. above and in front of the forehead. can assess the game situation and decide on the best response. use both hands lift ball above forehead overhead pass | 35 ● Your hands should be on the sides ● Start to extend your arms, taking a ● Straighten your arms and snap your ● Remember always to complete the of the ball, slightly behind the midway forward step as you do so. wrists to release the ball. follow-through. point, for maximum control. step forward snap wrists complete follow-through offensive baseball pass When you need to pass over longer distances that would otherwise be reached using a chest or bounce pass, execute the baseball pass. ● From a good power base of the ● Take the ball back past your ear and ● With the ball still in your hands, triple-threat position, with bent knees transfer your weight from the back your weight shifts from back to front, and a lowered center of gravity, begin foot through to the front foot. and your arms begin to come to take the ball back with both hands. through and forward. transfer weight to front baseball pass | 37 ● Keep your (weak) non-passing hand ● This is in case you have to adjust ● The action of releasing the ball is ● Project the ball in a straight line on the ball for as long as possible and change your decision to throw similar to that of throwing a baseball toward your intended target. Follow prior to the release of the ball. the baseball pass, depending on how or a javelin.Your weight now comes through with the throwing arm in the you read the game situation. through powerfully onto your front direction of the flight of the ball. foot as your body and arms follow keep hold of ball read the game situation through from behind the ball. release the ball offensive receiving Receiving the ball is a vital skill that can be practiced and polished in the same way as any other maneuver. Remember that a good pass can be wasted if you are not fully prepared to receive the ball. ● Always be ready to receive a pass. ● To receive a pass, make eye contact ● Present a target for the ball, with Be alert at all times, with your eyes with the passer and make an audible arms extended and fingers spread. up and your hands up and out in front and visual signal. For instance, call This is known as “to show ten,” which of your body. out your teammate’s name and means all ten fingers are up and indicate with your hands where to showing to the passer and the ball. be alert make the pass. signal “show ten” receiving | 39 ● As you are about to catch the ball, ● At the same time, bend your ● “Look the ball into your hands” is a ● As soon as you have caught the make a “nest” for it. When you have elbows so you can bring your hands useful phrase to help you remember ball, get into the triple-threat position, caught the ball, wrap your fingers and the ball in toward your body how to catch the ball properly. ready to react and make your next around it to grip it securely. (chest area) to secure and protect it. appropriate move according to the game situation. make a “nest” get into triple threat offensive v-cut In basketball, the V-cut is a basic way of getting free, or open, for a pass. This is a simple method to use against a defensive player at any level of the game, and it relies on a quick change of speed and direction. ● Maintain good balance throughout ● This first move can be made at a ● By planting your left foot, the all- and begin by taking your defender one relatively slow pace as you are simply important change of speed and way. Above, the player is first going trying to outwit and outmaneuver direction can now take place. toward his left. your opponent. fake your opponent change speed v-cut | 41 ● Now, push off your left foot and ● The shape of the letter “V” is ● With the change of direction, you ● Having executed the V-cut, make a hard and sharp cut in the transcribed on the floor, and you have should—if all has gone well—be free you are now free to signal for the opposite direction. now eluded your defender by putting for the pass. ball and carry on according to the him off balance. cut sharp, opposite get defender off balance game situation. signal offensive right-hand layup The right-hand layup is the most fundamental of shots and the one resulting in the highest percentage of scores. All players must be able to execute this shot using the correct hand movements and footwork. ● Begin the approach to basket ● Keep your head up and your eyes ● As you approach the three-second on the right side, using your right hand focused on the target. lane, begin to finish your dribble while to dribble the ball. Keep the ball still protecting the ball on the right protected from the defense. side of your body. protect the ball focus on target finish dribble right-hand layup | 43 ● Step first onto your right foot. ● The next step is with your left ● Use your two steps to get you ● Extend your elbow and snap the At the same time, move the ball up foot. Keep your eyes focused on the as near to the basket as possible. wrist of your (right) shooting arm and to the shooting position above the target and raise the ball above your Jump off your left foot, as high as you hand to shoot the ball softly off the right shoulder. right shoulder. can, up toward the basket to release backboard. Aim for the top corner of the ball. the small black square on the right raise the ball release the ball side of the rim. offensive left-hand layup Even if you are right handed, there will be times when you will need to approach the basket on the left side of the court. Therefore, you must be able to execute a left-handed layup using the correct footwork. As with every other skill, the only path to success ● Begin the approach to basket on ● Keep your head up and your eyes ● As you approach the three-second the left side, using your left hand to focused on the target. lane, begin to terminate your dribble dribble the ball. Keep the ball while still protecting the ball on the is practice, practice, practice. protected from the defense. left side of your body. protect the ball focus on target finish dribble left-hand layup | 45 ● Step first onto your left foot. At the ● The next step will be with your ● Use your two steps to get you ● Extend the elbow and snap the same time, move the ball up to the right foot. Keep your eyes focused as near to the basket as possible. wrist of your (left) shooting arm and shooting position above the left on the target and extend the ball Jump off your right foot, as high as hand to shoot the ball softly off the shoulder. above the left shoulder. you can, up toward the basket to backboard. Aim for the top corner of release the ball. the small black square on the left side move ball to shooting position of the rim. release the ball offensive power layup right to left This move is made when you have a path to the basket but there is a defender on your right and one on your left when you arrive at the basket. You have to be strong and determined now in order to achieve the shot. You might also be able to draw a foul for a bonus free throw. ● Make your dribble approach from ● Try to find a gap on the floor as ● You have now gone across the lane the right side of the lane while keeping near to the basket as possible (very and to the left side of the basket. your head up and your eyes on the often in between two defenders). target. Keep the ball protected on Finish your dribble and be ready to your right side.You will be power- come to a two-footed, one-count stop dribbling your way to the basket. while protecting the ball. power dribble finish dribble power layup right to left | 47 ● With elbows out, ball at chin height, ● Before leaving the floor to jump ● This makes defenders jump into ● Maintain your balance throughout, and knees bent, plant both feet at the toward the basket, execute a “pump the air in an attempt to block the as you may get fouled during the shot same time, ready to “explode,” and fake,” which is basically a type of (assumed) shot.Then, jump up straight or you may need to go back up for a jump off both feet. “shot fake” made by slightly raising the and high, protecting the ball, and shoot rebound if you miss the shot. ball and your head and shoulders up the ball off the backboard into the toward the basket. basket on the left side of the rim. get ready to jump execute “pump fake” jump and shoot offensive left-hand reverse layup There will be times in a game when your usual path to basket for a right-handed layup on the right-hand side of the basket will be blocked by a defensive player or players. You should be able to avoid the charging foul and go across and underneath the rim to lay the ball up on the other side. ● From the triple-threat position, ● Dribble with the right hand, making ● Upon picking up the dribble, begin begin your normal approach to the sure to protect the ball as you go. your normal footwork for a right- basket for a right-hand layup on the hand layup. Keep up a right-foot/ right side. left-foot rhythm. triple-threat position right-foot/left-foot rhythm left-hand reverse layup | 49 ● Instead of going to the right side ● Jump up on the left side of the rim ● Try to release the ball from as close ● Sometimes, the reverse layup can of the rim, travel across and underneath and shoot the layup off the backboard to the rim and backboard as possible, be finished using the right hand on the the basket, now protecting the ball on that side with your left hand. using the rim as a “shield” for the ball left side of the rim, releasing it with a so that the shot cannot be blocked. back-flip of the wrist. on the left side of your body. protect the ball, left side shoot shield offensive jump shot This is the most commonly used shot in the game of basketball. Regular practice using the correct techniques is the key to becoming a successful jump shooter and to acquiring and maintaining a good shooting percentage. You have to work at it. ● From the triple-threat position, ● Keep your eyes focused on the ● Bring the ball up to the shooting which means having a good base target (the back of the rim).Your feet position (slightly in front of, and above, of support and good body balance, are pointing at the target. For a right- your forehead). At the same time, your start to flex your ankles and knees, handed shooter, the right foot is lower body is getting ready to jump ready to jump. slightly ahead of the left.Your straight up into the air. triple-threat position shoulders are facing the target. focus on target ready to jump ● The elbow of your shooting hand ● Jump into the air, keeping your ● The ball is released upward and ● Land in the same spot from which (right in the picture above) is now also body straight. At the top of the jump, forward in a high arc toward the you took off. Maintain your follow- pointing at the target.Your wrist is begin to release the ball by extending basket. Follow through by straightening through even after the ball has “cocked” and the ball is on the soft your elbow and snapping your wrist. your shooting arm and snapping your left your hand. Land and keep your pads of the tops of your fingers, ready The non-shooting hand (left in the wrist and fingers. Keep your head still balance, ready to react to the next for the release. picture above) is not used in the shot. and your eyes focussed on the target. game situation. ready for release jump and release follow through and maintain offensive jump hook There will be times when you find yourself very close to the basket but without much room to move left or right for a layup. The jump hook is a useful shot in this situation and is also a difficult technique for defenders to block. ● Approach the basket using a one- ● With eyes up, locating the target, ● Your feet are almost parallel with or two-bounce dribble. come to a good, strong, one-count the backboard and the ball is stop, on balance. protected in both hands, with your elbows out. Keep your knees flexed. one-count stop protect ball jump hook | 53 ● Move suddenly upward off your left ● As you jump, continue to lift the ● Your body position is almost ● Release the ball at the top of the foot while pushing the ball upward ball upward to the shooting position, sideways on to the basket.You should jump with a “hooking” motion of the through the midline of the body. Note which will be high above your head. now be sighting the target over your shooting wrist and hand. Follow left shoulder. through and try to land in the same that your left elbow is leading the way. spot that you took off from. lead with elbow be sideways on follow through offensive shot fake & drive This demonstrates a way of moving that will enable you to beat your defender and create scoring opportunities for you and your teammates. ● Provided you are within your ● The shot fake is a motion with ● You are simply trying to get your shooting range, with the defender in the arms, shoulders, and ball that defender to react to the threat and front of you, begin to make a shot should look identical to your jump- potential of your jump shot. fake from the triple-threat position. shot technique, except that you do not complete the move and make shot fake release the ball. shot fake & drive | 55 ● Many defenders will actually leave ● At this point, bring the ball back ● Begin to drive past the now off- ● If the game situation dictates, then the floor and jump in an attempt to down and protect it on the outside balance defender. Protect the ball and continue your drive to the basket and block the (assumed) shot. hip (right in the sequence above). have your head up and your eyes on take the layup shot. the target. protect the ball focus on target offensive jab fake & go The aim of this offensive move is to enable you to elude and beat a defender who is guarding you closely. ● From the triple-threat position, ● With the right foot, make a jab ● The action of the jab step must be you now know the position of step to your right (the defender’s made quickly while maintaining your defender. left). While executing this move, bring balance.The defender is guarding you the ball onto your right hip in order to closely and your aim is to step just protect it. past his left foot. jab step right maintain balance jab fake & go | 57 ● At the same time, try to get your ● At this point, you have him beaten. ● Once past the defender, you can ● In the instance shown above, head and shoulders just past the Now, dribble the ball and lift your assess the game situation and make the player has decided to pass to an defender’s left hip. back (left) foot and continue past him. a decision to continue to drive to open teammate. basket, pass, or shoot. get past defender dribble assess game situation offensive shot fake, one dribble, & jump shot This is another good move to make to try to beat an opponent who is closely guarding you. Assume that you have the ball and are away from the basket. ● Provided you are within your ● The shot fake is a motion with ● You are simply trying to get your shooting range, with the defender in the arms, shoulders, and ball, which defender to react to the threat and front of you, begin to make a shot should look identical to your jump- potential of your jump shot. Many fake from the triple-threat position. shot technique, except that you defenders will actually leave the floor do not complete the move and and jump in an attempt to block the release the ball. (assumed) shot. make shot fake ● At this point, bring the ball back ● Begin to drive past the defender, ● Make one dribble to your right. ● Go up and take your jump shot, down and protect it on the outside who is now off balance. Protect the This should be enough to put some concentrating, as always, on achieving hip (right in the picture above). ball and have your head up and your distance between you and the perfect form. eyes on the target. defender, who is now recovering. focus on target dribble right protect the ball offensive drop step baseline This move for a post player is a very useful one if the defender is playing you slightly to the topside, that is, nearer the free-throw line. You can either detect that he is already there, or you can try to make him move a little in that direction by executing a fake. ● Having caught the ball in the low ● The offensive player does not need ● The offensive player now lifts and post and located the position of the to move his feet: he simply brings the steps on his left foot, pointing it across defensive player, the offensive player ball, and his head and shoulders, to the defender toward the basket. makes a ball fake to the inside, that is, the right in a quick fake move. the opposite way to the move he The aim is to make the defender shift actually intends to make. slightly to the right. ball fake ● Keeping the ball protected as he ● This involves the offensive player ● After this dribble, he collects the ● The offensive player should try to does so, the defender is now pinned taking one hard bounce between his ball, gets his elbows out to protect it, land where he took off from, in case behind the attacker.The offensive feet, which are now well spread out. keeps his shoulders parallel with the he needs to go back up and rebound player can dribble the ball using a end line and backboard, and jumps up a missed shot. power dribble or crab dribble. to power the ball into the basket. pin defender behind one hard bounce shoot offensive drop step middle The ability to elude your defender in the low post area with a variety of moves is a useful addition to your whole game. This move ends with a point-blank shot at the basket from the middle of the lane. ● In the post-up situation, protect ● Try to get the defender off balance ● Make a head and shoulders fake ● Now, come back the opposite way, the ball and locate the position of by faking him in the opposite direction toward the baseline side. Keep both that is, toward the free-throw line. Lift your defender. to your eventual move. feet still. If the defender moves this off the right foot and direct it toward way (thinking that you are going that the middle of the three-second lane. way), move in the opposite direction. protect the ball fake one way drop step middle | 63 ● At the same time, make a power ● Now, you can bring both feet and ● Keeping your elbows out and your ● Go up strong and power the ball dribble between your feet to gain the ball around to face the basket. knees bent, begin your shot toward the into the basket.Try to land in the further ground in the direction of the Be sure to protect the ball. basket.You may need to precede the same spot that you took off from. basket area.The defender should now shot with a pump fake. be “locked off ” behind you. power inside protect the ball shoot offensive inside pivot & shoot If you are playing in the lowpost position, you will need a variety of moves. Your choice depends on where your defender is playing you. The inside pivot & shoot is just one move you can try. Make sure that you can easily locate the basket after having ● Having received the ball in the low ● If the defender is playing directly ● Protect the ball by keeping it post, make sure you protect it and behind and slightly off your position, at chin height and your elbows up locate the position of your defender. then, with a quick inside turn, you and out. pivoted to face it. can momentarily “freeze” him and get a shot off. locate defender “freeze” defender inside pivot & shoot | 65 ● Pivot on your right foot as shown, ● This brings your body around to ● As your left foot is swung back and ● Try to take off and land in the same lifting your left foot up off the floor as face the basket.Your left elbow has planted slightly behind your right foot, spot, following through and remaining you swing it across your right leg. cleared a little amount of space for jump and shoot in one motion. on balance so that you can react to you to get into the shooting position. pivot on right foot get into shooting position the next game situation. jump and shoot offensive screen & roll The art of setting a screen to get a teammate free for a pass is an important strategy in team basketball. In this situation, the rules will allow a certain amount of contact to be made between two opposing players. ● First, you must have located the ● Now, make an approach with ● You must arrive at a point on the position of your teammate and the aim of making contact with the floor so that, at the moment of his defender. defender’s inside shoulder (that is, contact with your opponent, you are the shoulder nearest the midline stationary. Have your knees bent, your of the court). back straight, and head up with a good locate teammate approach to make contact strong base of support. screen & roll | 67 ● Make a “double arm bar,” as ● Sometimes, there can be a lot ● After contact has occurred ● To execute this roll, make a reverse shown, with your forearms held out of body contact, so the body (assuming that the screen has pivot on your left foot, locate the ball, in front of your body. It is up to your positioning described is essential been successful in freeing up your and, if appropriate, signal to receive it. teammate—whom you are screening to avoid injury.The impact can be teammate), the screening player for—to maneuver the defender into absorbed, momentarily, by the arms should roll toward the ball (and your screen. when held as shown. very often the basket, too). make “double arm bar” absorb impact roll toward ball offensive using a screen topside This is another way of using a screen that has been set for you by a teammate away from the ball. This time the defender plays behind the screen, so you need to execute a topside cut. ● Begin to use the screen by making ● Having read the position of your ● Quickly change direction by pushing ● Couple your change of direction a V-cut. Above, you can see the player defensive player, start to execute the off your left foot to elude your with a change of speed as your move going first left and then coming back, required cut, which will be the topside defensive player. takes you in front of the screen and to his right. cut off the screen. execute topside cut toward the ball.This is the topside cut. change direction change speed using a screen topside | 69 ● Once you have made the topside ● Catch the ball and get yourself into ● If you’ve executed well, you will ● Having caught the ball, pivot to cut, look to receive the pass by a potential scoring position. have managed to lose your defender face the basket in the triple-threat signaling, visually and audibly, to by making him go the wrong way and position and be ready to go up for the passer. get caught on the screen. a jump shot. signal pivot into triple-threat position offensive using a screen—backcut This is another way of using a screen set for you by a teammate away from the ball. The one you opt for will be decided by the position of the defensive player. If your defensive player plays “on topside” of the screen, then you will need to execute the ● Begin to use the screen by first ● Having read the position of your ● Quickly change direction by pushing stepping up as if to use it by cutting defensive player, begin to execute the off your right foot to elude your topside of it toward the ball. required cut, which will be the backcut defensive player. backcut or “backdoor” cut shown here. off the screen. backcut off screen change direction using a screen—backcut | 71 ● Couple your change of direction ● Once you have made the backcut, ● Catch the ball at the end of your ● If the cut is into the basket area with a change of speed as your move look to receive the pass by signaling, backcut to get yourself into a potential and the pass is caught, you are in a takes you behind the screen and visually and audibly, to the passer. scoring position. Hopefully, you have good position to go up to the basket toward the basket.This is the backcut managed to lose your defender by for the score. or “backdoor” cut. making him go the wrong way and get change speed signal caught on the screen. get into scoring position offensive up-and-under move This is another “post move.” It is an advanced move and an extremely effective one when executed correctly. ● From the post-up position, protect ● Begin to make a forward or front ● With the ball at about chin height, ● As you complete your front pivot, the ball, having made sure that the pivot. Above, the player is pivoting on protect it with elbows out and you will be facing your defender defender is playing behind you. his right foot. continue your pivot toward the inside and the basket. Begin your pump of the three-second lane. fake move. protect the ball make a strong pivot up-and-under move | 73 ● The pump fake involves raising the ● The aim of this maneuver is to get ● Don’t release the ball. Instead, bring it ● The step through is directed toward ball and your head and shoulders as if the defender to anticipate a shot and down onto the outside hip and, at the the basket, and you can dribble the you were going to shoot the ball. react, perhaps by jumping to attempt same time, step “under” and across the ball once you get all the way to the to block the shot. airborne defender with the left foot. basket for the shot and release. and a convincing pump fake dip “under” and power up for shot offensive jab, cross over, & go This is another move in a series of one-on-one moves that are useful to you when faced with trying to beat your defensive player. First, get the defender off balance by using the jab fake. ● From the triple-threat position, ● As you make the jab step, bring ● Swing your right foot across your begin the move by making a jab step the ball down and protect it on the body, right to left, placing your right (on the right foot, above).This jab step outside hip. At this point, if the foot to the right of the defender. At is a fake but needs to look to the defender has reacted by shifting to the same time, swing the ball through defender as if you intend to go to his left, you have him where you onto the left hip. the right. want him. stay on balance protect the ball ● This is the crossover move, and the ● Having now got the defender off ● Keeping your body between the ● React to the game situation. In the idea is to “lock” the defender’s feet balance, you have, in fact, changed defender and the ball, dribble now sequence above, the player has driven behind your front foot (right). direction and are now able to go on with your left hand to go past, and all the way to the basket. the dribble to your left. beat, the recovering defender. cross over with foot and ball change direction go past defender defensive defensive blocking out Most contact in basketball will result in a foul being called by the officials. However, this is one area of the game where the rules allow a certain amount of contact. When a shot goes up and you are the defensive player, you should try to “box out” or “block out” in an ● As the shot goes up, make sure you ● Step toward this player and make ● Your opponent will try to get can locate the player you are guarding. contact, as shown above, by using the around you in an attempt to go after legal “arm bar.” the rebounding ball. So, start to pivot effort to prevent your opponent to block his intended path. from getting the rebound. locate player make contact pivot and block blocking out | 79 ● Above, the offensive player is ● If possible, contact should be ● With your hands up and your ● After blocking out or boxing out moving to his left. Immediately, make maintained and this is still within the elbows up and out, bend your knees your opponent, go for the rebound a reverse pivot on your right foot in rules.Try now to locate the and try to “pin” your opponent using and try to secure the ball and the order to block the way. rebounding ball while at the same your lower back and lower body.This possession for your team. time adopting the “box-out” position. contact is maintained for a second or maintain contact two at most in any rebound situation. pin your opponent defensive defensive stance & lateral slide The ability to react and move quickly is essential to being a good defensive player. You have to be able to guard opponents in all game situations, and the most efficient way is to stay down in the defensive stance and move your feet in the appropriate manner. ● In this defensive stance, the player’s ● In order to move laterally, try to ● Move your feet quickly, trying to ● As you move your feet, your body feet are about shoulder-width apart, make foot movements that involve maintain contact with the floor as weight should remain slightly on the backside is down, back is straight, head a step-slide action. As you stay much as you possibly can. balls of your feet. is up, and hands are up and active. down low, the center of gravity One heel should be roughly in line remains constant, with the toes of the other foot. stay down low keep weight on balls of feet defensive stance & lateral slide | 81 ● Your feet should not be brought ● Step and slide to the left by turning ● As you now want to change ● The position of the hands and arms together, as this raises the center your left foot slightly outward in the direction and come back toward the will change, usually depending on what of gravity of the body and throws direction you want to slide. right, push off the left foot and step- the player you are guarding is doing slide, with your right foot leading. with the ball. you off balance. turn left foot outward push off right foot defensive forward slide with close out When defending the player with the ball, it may be that he dribbles backward at some point and/or catches the ball and is ready to take a shot. Depending on your court position at that moment, you will need to be able to execute a movement that takes you toward your opponent—without fouling or being off balance—in order to contest the shot. ● In the defensive stance, begin to ● Once again, use the step-slide ● You will need to adjust your feet move forward by adjusting the movement of your feet to take you and body position according to what position of your feet and shifting the forward and to the left, then forward your opponent is doing. body from left to right (or vice versa). again and to the right. shift from left to right step-slide forward slide with close out | 83 ● If the attacker elects to shoot the ● Get a hand up in order to try to ● Do not jump into the air at this ● After closing out on the shot, you jump shot, recognize this and begin to distract the shooter (or, even, to point unless your opponent has will probably need to block out (or bring a hand and foot forward, ready attempt to block the shot). already used and picked up his box out) the shooter. Locate the to contest and put pressure on the dribble.This action of bringing the player, make a pivot into the path of shot. Above, the player is bringing his hand and foot forward is known as that player, and make contact in order left foot and left hand forward. “closing out.” to block out this potential rebounder. apply pressure distract or block close out defensive backward slide & dead dribble The ability to keep an offensive player who is dribbling the ball in front of you and apply the right pressure on the ball when he or she picks up the dribble is the key to effective defense. ● In a balanced, defensive stance, the ● Keeping your back straight and your ● Without lunging in, which will put weight is slightly on the balls of the head up, begin moving your feet in a you off balance, keep your hands feet, the hands are up and active, and step-slide motion left and right, active, ready to jab at the ball when the feet are “alive” and responsive. keeping the dribbler in front of you. your opponent is off guard. While Be alert and ready to react quickly to Try to keep an arm’s-length distance retreating, try to prevent the ball- the ball-handler’s movements. between you and the offensive player. handler getting past you. be alert step-slide backward slide & dead dribble | 85 ● If the dribbler picks up the dribble, ● This tells your teammates that the ● This means “tracing” the movement ● Try to force a five-second violation start repositioning yourself forward, dribble has been picked up and you of the ball as the offensive player tries through your pressure on the ball. Be toward your opponent. With knees are covering it. With your hands fairly to pass or shoot it. Be careful not to ready to react again, depending on the slightly flexed, get as close as you close together, start to “mirror” the foul, keep your hands in the same movement of the ball and the player can without making contact, yelling ball with both hands. plane as your body, and apply you are guarding. “Dead! Dead!” reposition forward “mirror” the ball maximum pressure to your opponent. apply maximum pressure defensive defensive rebound & outlet pass Rebounding is a crucial part of the defensive game. The success of this move means you will gain extra possession for your team, which could make all the difference between winning and losing. Go after it! ● Having watched the flight of ● Create a good base of support by ● Keep your eyes focused on where the ball and boxed out the player keeping your feet approximately the ball will rebound from. Jump as you were guarding, establish your shoulder-width apart, knees bent, and high as you can and try to extend rebound position. back straight. Have your arms up, your arms toward the ball. ready to go and catch the ball. establish rebound position focus on ball defensive rebound & outlet pass | 87 ● Try to catch the ball at the top of ● As you land, try to maintain your ● Protect the ball and begin to pivot ● Locate an open teammate for a your jump with both hands. balance. Bring the ball down no lower away from the basket, out toward the good outlet pass.This could be a than chin height and keep your elbows sideline—on the same side of the chest, bounce, or overhead pass. out.This helps to protect the ball from basket as you rebounded the ball. opponents. Grip the ball firmly with both hands. maintain balance pivot away from basket defensive deny the wing & back door If you are guarding a player who is one pass away from the ball, you should try to “deny” the ball; that is, stop your opponent from receiving it. In the sequence below, imagine you are the player in green. ● The defensive player has his arm ● The defensive player will be making ● The defender’s denial motion here ● If the offensive player starts to try nearest the ball extended and up in a series of step-slide movements, is similar to a fencer moving forward. to cut backdoor or make a backcut, the passing lane, his palm toward the defensively sliding back and forth to He tries to maintain about one arm’s- the defender quickly adjusts his feet ball, and left foot forward and up deny the offensive player the ball. length distance between himself and and brings his other hand (right in the toward the mid-court corner. He The offensive player will be trying to his opponent. Also, he should be picture) up to deny the offensive “looks” a little over his left shoulder. get free to receive it. slightly back toward his basket. player once again. step-slide deny again deny the wing & back door | 89 ● At the same time, the defender ● He now has to make a couple of ● The defender must regain vision of ● The defensive player’s position in quickly turns his head so that he is step-slide movements in the opposite the ball and his opponent (through relation to his opponent and the ball now “looking” over his right shoulder. direction, in order to try to deny the peripheral vision) as quickly as is now the same as at the start. For ball to his opponent. possible. Also, he must maintain a the moment, though, his position in constant stance, as this allows him to relation to his defensive basket has react and move quickly and efficiently. changed. step-slide, opposite way maintain stance defensive denial defense & helpside position This move helps you stop a player who is one pass away from the ball from getting it. The player below is guarding a player on the right side of the court in the “wing” area between the lane and the sideline. ● In the defensive stance, your arm ● Make a series of step-slide ● If the offensive player starts to ● At the same time, turn your head nearest the ball is extended and up in movements, defensively sliding back try to cut backdoor or make a quickly to look over your left shoulder. the passing lane, palm facing the ball. and forth so as to deny the offensive backcut toward the basket, adjust You will now have to make a couple Your right foot is forward, facing the player the ball (the offensive player your feet and bring your other hand of step-slide movements in the mid-court corner.Your head is turned will of course be trying to get free to (left, above) up to deny the attacker opposite direction, in order to try to a little over your right shoulder. receive it). once again. deny the offensive player the ball. step-slide deny again step-slide, opposite way denial defense & helpside position | 91 ● As the offensive player has now cut ● Having denied the offensive player ● Begin to pivot to reposition ● Regain peripheral vision of the ball into the three-second area, he must with your left arm up, you can see yourself according to the position of and your opponent. With arms up, you exit within that time allocation. Above, that he is going out and away from the offensive player and the ball. are now in the helpside position in the imagine he is going to cut across the the ball. Make a reverse pivot on your left middle of the lane area, in defensive basket and out of the lane on the foot, and maintain your balance and stance, “pointing” to the player you are other side of the court. defensive stance. guarding and to the ball. pivot to reposition for for more more information information FIBA (Federation Internationale de Basketball Amateur) International Basketball Federation Avenue Louis Casai, 53 Geneva, Switzerland +41 (0) 22 545 00 00 Web site: http://www.fiba.com This independent organization is the global governing body for basketball and includes 213 national federations of basketball worldwide. It establishes the Official Basketball Rules, specifications for equipment, regulates transfer of players from one country to another, and governs all international competitions, among other activities. Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, Inc. 1000 West Columbus Avenue Springfield, MA 01105 (413) 781-6500 Web site: http://hoophall.com The Basketball Hall of Fame presents all aspects of the game, including the invention and history of the sport. National Basketball Association Olympic Tower 645 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10022 (212) 407-8000 Web site: http://www.nba.com The organization and Web site provide information on the history of the sport, the players, the leagues, and statistics, among other facts. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) 700 West Washington Street P.O. Box 6222 Indianapolis, IN 46206-6222 (317) 917-6222 Web site: http://www.ncaa.com The NCAA is a voluntary organization by which U.S. colleges and universities govern their athletics programs.The Web site provides information about programs, schools, players, records, and history of the NCAA. for more information / for further reading | 93 USA Basketball 5465 Mark Dabling Boulevard Colorado Springs, CO 80918-3842 (719) 590-4800 Web site: http://www.usabasketball.com This nonprofit organization is the national governing group for men’s and women’s basketball in the United States. It is responsible for the selection, training, and fielding of USA teams that compete in the International Basketball Federation’s sponsored competitions. Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) Olympic Tower 645 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10022 (212) 688-9622 Web site: http://www.wnba.com The WNBA is the organization that governs the professional basketball league for women in the United States. It was formed in 1996 and currently has thirteen teams. Web Sites Due to the changing nature of Internet links, Rosen Publishing has developed an online list of Web sites related to the subject of this book.This site is updated regularly. Please use this link to access the list: http://www.rosenlinks.com/sim/bask for further reading for further reading DeVenzio, Dick. Stuff Good Players Should Know: Intelligent Basketball from A to Z. Austin,TX: Bridgeway Books, 2006. Gentile, Derek. Smooth Moves: Juking, Jamming, Hooking and Slamming. Basketball’s Plays, Players, Action and Style. New York, NY: Black Dog and Leventhal Publishers, 2003 Halzle,Theresa S. Spirit of Play: Basketball. Minnespolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 2003. Herrold, Benjamin. We’re Loyal to You, Gilman High: Story of a High School Basketball Player. Overland Park, KS: Leathers Publishing, 2007. Kolb, Joe. Get Fit Now for High School Basketball: Strength and Conditioning for Ultimate Performance on the Court. Long Island City, NY: Hatherleigh Press, 2002. Krause, Jerry V., Don Meyer, and Jerry Meyer. Basketball Skills and Drills. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 2007. Pim, Ralph L. Winning Basketball: Techniques and Tips for Playing Better Offensive Basketball. 2nd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004. Stewart, Mark, and Mike Kennedy. Swish: The Quest for Basketball’s Perfect Shot (Exceptional Sports Titles for Intermediate Grades). Minneapolis, MN: Millbrook Press, 2009. Swidey, Neil. The Assist: Hoops, Hope, and the Game of Their Lives. Jackson,TN: PublicAffairs, 2008. Thomas, Keltie. How Basketball Works.Toronto, Ontario: Maple Tree Press, 2005. Women’s Basketball Coaches Association. The Women’s Basketball Drill Book. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2007. index index A accuracy, passing 30 arm bars 67, 78–79 assessing the game 26, 34, 37, 57, 91 B backcut 70–71, 88–89, 90–91 “backdoor” cut 70–71, 88–89, 90–91 backward slide 84 balance defense 81, 84, 87, 90 faking 56 shooting 46, 50, 65 triple-threat position 21, 23, 25 balls 10 baseball pass 36–37 basic dribble 24–255 baskets 6 behind-the-back dribble 28–29 blocking out 78–79, 83 body contact 6–7, 66–67, 78–79 bounce pass 32–33 boxing out 78–79, 83 butterfly stretch 15 C calf stretch 14 centers 8–9 changing direction cross over 74–75 cuts 40–41, 68–71 dribbling 26–27, 28–29 faking 60–63 pivots 20–23, 64–65, 72 changing speed 40–41, 68, 71 chest pass 30–31 closing out 83 clothing 10 contesting shots 83 control dribble 24–25 courts markings 8 outdoor 11 crab dribble 61 crossover dribble 26–27 crossover move 74–75 cuts backcut 70–71, 88–89, 90–91 topside cut 68–69 V-cut 40–41, 68 D dead dribble 84 defense see also eluding defense denying the ball 88–91 moves 76–91 positions 9 rebound & outlet pass 86–87 stance 80–81, 89 diet 12 double arm bar 87 dribbling for further reading / index | 95 basic 24–25 behind-the-back 28–29 crab 61 crossover 26–27 dead 84 power 61, 63 practice 7 driving 54–55 drop steps baseline 60–61 middle 62–63 follow-through dribbling 25 passing 30, 31 shooting 51 forward pivot 20–21, 72 forward slide 82–83 forwards 8–9 fouls 6–7, 46, 47 freezing defenders 64 E glutes stretch 16 governing bodies 4, 10 guards 8–9 eluding defense cuts 40–41, 68–71 dribbling 26–29 move fakes 56–57, 60–63, 74–75 screens 66–71 shot fakes 54–55, 58–59, 72–73 equipment 10 F faking moves 56–57, 60–63, 74–75 passes 32 shots 47, 54–55, 58–59, 72–73 FIBA 6–7, 10 fitness 6, 12–13 five-second violation 85 flow sequences, understanding 17 G H hamstring stretch 16 hands defending 80–81, 83, 84 dribbling 24–25 passing 30–31, 35, 36–37 receiving passes 38–39 shooting 43, 49, 51 health 12 helpside position 91 history 4–5 hook shot 52–53 I inside pivot & shoot 64–65 inverted hurdler's stretch 14 NCAA 6–7, 10 J O jab, cross over & go 74–75 jab fake & go 56–57 jump hook 52–53 jump shot 50–51 offensive moves combinations 54–63, 72–75 dribbling 24–29, 61, 63 fakes 54–63, 72–75 passing 30–39 pivots 20–23, 64–65, 67, 72 screening 66–71 shooting 42–53 V-cut 40–41 Olympic Games 4, 5 outdoor courts 10 overhead pass 34–35 L lateral slides 80–81 layup left-hand 44–45 left-hand reverse 48–49 power right to left 46–47 right-hand 42–43 left-hand dribbling 24 left-hand layup 44–45, 48–49 left-hand reverse layup 48–49 locking defenders feet 75 long-distance pass 36–37 low post area 60–65 lower back stretch 16 M "mirror" ball movements 85 N Naismith, Dr. James 4–5 National Basketball Association (NBA) 4, 6–7, 10 P passes baseball pass 36–37 bounce pass 32–33 chest pass 30–31 outlet pass 87 overhead pass 34–35 receiving 38–39, 68–71 pivot moves 20–23, 64–65, 67, 72 player positions 8–9 post area 60–65, 72–73 post-up position 72 power dribble 61, 63 power layup right to left 46–47 pretzel stretch 14 protecting ball 55, 59, 64, 72, 87 pump fake 47, 73 Q quadriceps stretch 15 R rebounding ball 9, 78–79, 83, 86–87 receiving passes 38–39, 68–71 reverse pivot 22–23, 67 right-hand lay up 42–43 roll move 67 rules 6–7 S scoring rules 6–7 screen & roll 66–67 screens, using 68–71 shielding ball 49 shooting eluding defense 54–65, 72–74 jump hook 52–53 jump shot 50–51 left-hand layup 44–45 left-hand reverse layup 48–49 power layup right to left 46–47 right-hand layup 42–43 shot fakes & drive 54–55 one dribble & jump shot 58–59 pump fake 47, 72–73 “showing ten” 38 signaling passers 38, 40 spin back 20, 22 step-slide action 80–81, 82, 88–90 streetball 11 stretching 12–16 T topside cut 68–69 “tracing” ball movements 85 triple-threat position 20–23, 26, 34, 50, 56–58, 74 U up-and-under move 72–73 using screens 68–71 V V-cut 40–41, 68 teamwork screening 66–67 unselfishness 9 using screens 68–71 three-second area 91 W warming up 12–13 Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) 10 about about the author the author Mark Dunning has been involved in basketball for more than twenty-five years as a teacher, coach, and administrator. For the past eighteen years he has been a head coach at the professional level in the English Premier League. In addition to giving presentations at numerous coaches’ clinics around the world, he has been a coach with the England National teams and has been president and founder of the Basketball Coaches’ Association.